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I BLR a » v 

October 6, 1925 



Six projects in as many States have just been arranged for by Dr. 
Gaipin to study the principles involved in the successful organization 
of local community groups- The purpose of these studies is to discover, 
so far as possible, the human side, as distinguished from the commodity 
phases, of successful cooperation. 

What rural people are thinking about the policies, proolems, ac- 
complishments, failures and possibilities of several types of organiza- 
tions, their hopes and fears about organization and reasons for their 
attitude, will be ascertained by a systematic analysis of certain^ forms 
of community organization in selected localities. Types of organization 
to be given special attention are: General community clubs, marketing 
locals, county agent plan of local organization, U-H clubs, farmers' clubs 
such as breeders' associations, and local organizations of farmer move- 
ments, such as Para Bureau, Equity, and Grange. 

House to house schedule studies will be made in some areas, and 
these will be supplemented by questionnaires secured through the co- 
operation of teachers and by reports from organization officials and 

*Erom the findings, the investigators, who will so far as possible 
be local leaders, hope to be able to suggest practical methods of com- 
munity organization such as would be useful to agricultural extension 
workers and local community leaders. . q 

State universities cooperating in the study include: Worth Carolina, 
Wisconsin, Michigan, Worth Dakota, South Dakota and Virginia. Eunds for 
research under the Pumell Act will be available for expenses incident to 
the work. 


"Market Information by Radio", the exhibit booth installed at the 
recent Washington Radio Show, has been erected in the confer ence woo 
(Un) of the Bieber Building, and will be shown through ^ednesuay, and 
possibly throughout the remainder of the week. The display depicts ,he 
?adio servfce^e are giving the American farmer , and furnishes an example 
of the kind of material we are constantly preparing for educational pur- 
poses, ^ viewing the exhibit, you have any suggestions to offer 
regarding it or regarding other phases of our work, which might be ex- 
hibited f 0 the general public, please send them to the Division of 
Information, Exhibits Section. 

The B.A.E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 14, 



The cotton market news service is to include reports from New England 
markets, according to an arrangement just made with Henry T * Crosby, of 
the Cotton Division, who has gone to Boston to devote part of his time 
to taking graduate work at the School of Business administration at Harvard. 

Under this part-time employment, Mr. Crosby will send in telegraphic 
information on prices, demand and supply for both raw cotton and manufactured 


The first license covering the storage of dried fruit under, the 
warehouse act was issued to the Lathrop Hay & Grain Co. last week. The 
warehouse, located at Tres Pinos, Calif., has a capacity of 1,000 tons, 
and is being operated to provide storage for dried prunes. 



Pinal Announcement of the Department's educational courses for 
1925-26 has been made, and mimeographed copies are now available. 
Registration will be at the Office of the Director of Scientific Work. 
Promo t sending in of aopli cations is urged. Courses offered include: 
Elementary Scientific German; Advanced Scientific Erench; Agricultural 
Writing; Bulletin Writing; Elementary Statistical Methods; Advanced 
Statistical Methods; Advanced Crystallography; Acid-Base and Oxidation- 
Reduction Equilibria; Plant Breeding; Botany for the Nontechnical; 
Principles of Nutrition; and Marketing and Cooperation. 



This is National Eire Prevention Week, and every one in the Bureau 
is urged to cooperate in the effort to reform conditions which have made 
possible so vast a destruction of the national wealth. In his proclama- 
tion recommending that this week be fittingly observed, the President 
sajd: "I am informed that during 132*+ fires caused the loss of approxi- 
mately 15,000 lives and of property exceeding $5^,000,000 in value. 
The figures are startling; they are yet more so when it is added that 
this is declared by competent authorities the- greatest fire loss m any 
year of our history." 


Life is too short for quarrels, and misunderstandings and 
regrets are big loads to carry. EM3. 

October 6, 192 5 

The A, E. News 




In a letter to Charles E. Gage, Leon M. Sstabrook, Director of the 
World Census Project, says in part: 

"My work on the Universal Census Project is progressing slowly 
hut satisfactorily along three lines; (l) preparation of a census 
schedule questionnaire form in three categories (a) items of primary 
importance (h ) items of secondary importance, and (c) all other items; 
(2) a glossary of terms used in the schedule; and (3) data to show the 
relation of adhering governments to the Institute, their status with 
respect to statistical organization, censuses and annual statistics, and 
the relative importance of agriculture, livestock, and forestry in each 
country. I am personally undertaking the first line of work, Signor 
Bruttini, ex- librarian of the Institute, has been assigned to the second, 
and Signor longohardi has "been working part-time on the third. 3y the way, 
last week I read an outline of a, proposed census survey drawn up by the 
Indian Economic Enquiry Committee, and was struck by the juxtaposition of 
two items, Elephants on one line, and Bees on the next, with absolutely 
nothing to indicate the land of information to be obtained regarding these 
two important classes of animals, such as number, sex, age, or value," 



The Treasury Department has advised that the Kansas City, Mexico 
and Orient Railroad Company has authorized the application of its accounts 
receivable from Government traffic to its indebtedness to the United 
States. Accordingly, it is to the interest of the United States that 
the Orient system receive as much Government business as can properly be 
directed over its lines. To that end, therefore, it is requested that, 
wherever possible, without increased cost to the Department , official 
travel be performed and freight shipments be consigned over this system. 

Tne Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railroad Company («V. T. Kemper, 
Receiver) is indebted to the United States as of March 23, 1925, in the 
amount of £2 ,963 ,2^9 • 68. million, five hundred thousand dollars of 

this amount represents the principal of a loan made to the Receiver under 
the provisions of Section 210 of the Transportation Act, 1920, as amended. 
The balance of SU63 ,2^9-68 represents interest in default up to March 
23, 1325, 

This railroad system extends from Wichita, Kansas, through Oklahoma 
and Texas into. Mexico* The main connecting lines at Wichita are the 
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Ee Railway, the Missouri pacific, the St. Louis 
and San Erancisco Railway, and the Chicago, Rock Island, and pacific 


The habit of punctuality may not alone put you at the head of the 
line, but it will prevent your being a tail-ender. 

k ' ^ e BV a: e - News Vol. 13, No. 14. 


licatlons e dS^1^SSr iPtS SUbmitted t0 thS ***** °* PaV 

Rales and regulations for the inspection and certification 
of bather, cneese and eggs. Service and Regulatory 
announcements No. ■ 96. — 

Service and Regulatory Announcements No. 91, amendment 1. 

Service and Regulatory Announcements No. 95. Amendment 1. 

periodi^LlamS:^ **** a PP«>ved for publication in the 

£lb£t ^ ; . Th 1 e f K ^ n Side of Wng. Por Banker-Parmer. 

i : C : : cultural Cooperation Revision of Radio Talk ) 

Jor New Reclamation Era. iK * } 

Gi ^^ J * I'' A r DealerS Selling Radio to the Parmer s? 
•tfor Radio Retailing. . ... 

Gray L. o.-t How to^ Pigure. Vfliat Your Farm is Really Worth. 

(Interview) Por Parm and Pireside. 
^sSSteW^i ^ od 3u ^ n S and Our ferkets. By Ivbnroe and 
She^n C ^°? k / e ^ ^Requested.) P 0 r Journal Home Economics. 

% 2' ?' B ; : Earal Socia l Stimulation through Examples. 
Por Banker-Parmer. ^ 

Sherman C. B.; Spinning Tests Link Grower and Manuf acturer. 

ior Manufacturers Record„ 
Smith, W. D. : - Suggestions Regarding Rice Threshing. Por Rice 

Journal and. others. 

Tr ?nr nvi'i"' ItemS lVakS Up the Cost of Raisin g Cotton. 

Jior Oklahoma Parmer. , ■■„ • w "* 

Y °BullfunI : 51inancing Potatoes ^ile in Storage. Por Potato News 

OctoberTafe^ 6 aCCeSSi ° nS to the 3areai1 iibra ^ f or the week ending 

Prance. laws statutes, etc. Exploitations agri coles; recueil de 
documents relatifs a. ^application de la l 0 i du 15 de'cembre 
1^22 sur- les accidents du travail agri co le. Nancy, Paris, 
Berger-Levrault [1923?] ' • 

Geary Prank. land tenure and unemployment, . . London, "g. Allen 
& Unv?m ltd. [1925] 

International institute of agriculture.. Bureau of the secretary 
general. Reponses de quolques gouvernements aux enquetes sur 
Ja; ^'organisation, administrative- et libre de 1 'agri culture- 
(b) Les depenses en faveur de l»agri culture; dans les 
differents pays. Rome, Inpr. de lUnstitut international 
d' agri culture, 1924. 

October 6, 1925. 

The B. a ■ 



International labor office, Geneva. The International labour 
organisation and agri culture. Geneva (Switzerland) 
International labour office, 1324, 

Land and agricultural bank of South Africa, Pretoria. 13th yearly 
report, 1324. Pretoria, 1925» 

Laur, S. P. Ecor.omie rurale de la petite et moyeime culture... 
Lausanne, Geneve, payot & cie, 1924. 

Manchester guardian commercial* European reconstruction series, 
no. 13 <>• Haw material, Manchester, 1323* 

National industrial conference board. The inter-ally debts and 

the United States. Hew York, National industrial conference 
board, inc. , 192 5. 

Offenberg, L. Die bewertung landlicher grunstucke. 2.ganzlich 
neuarb. aufl. Berlin, P. Parey, 1524. 

Saskatchewan. Dept.. of agri culture. Cooperation and markets. 11th 
annual report, 1524/25. Regina, 1925* 

Textile world journal. Official American textile directory, 1925* 
Hew York, [etc., etc] Bragdon, Lord & Nagle co . , 1925* 

U. S. Interstate commerce commission, annual report, 3&th t 1924. 
Washington, Govt, print, off., 1324. 


11. WHAT MAKES THE PRICE OP OATS is the problem discussed by Hugh B. 
Killough and E. M„ Daggit in Department Bulletin 1351 just off the press. 
Among the phases considered are factors affecting annual price of oats, 
seasonal variations in oats prices, application of seasonal trend in esti- 
mating price, and future prices and condition reports as price indicators. 
The methods used by the authors are explained. 

two preliminary mimeographed reports just issued. One report deals with 
conditions of selected localities of Alabama, and was prepared by Dr. E. L. 
Kirkpatrick, Associate Economic Analjist of this bureau, and Myrtle Brook, 
Head of the Department of Psychology and Sociology, Alabama College. The 
other relates to conditions as they were found in selected localities of 
Kansas. Dr. Kirkpatrick, Walter Burr, Professor of Sociology, and Ellen U, 
Batchelor, Assistant State Home Demonstration Leader, Kansas State agri- 
cultural College, are the authors. 


by C. E. Schultz in a mimeographed report just released, were a considerable 
increase in .acreage, a large amount of inferior stock as a result of 
adverse weather, an active market throughout most of the deal, and new high 
records established for value of shipments. 


The B, A. E. News 

Vol. 13, No. Ik. 

lk. THE MSN'S BOWLING SEaSON is under way and several of the teams are 
going at a fast clip. Grain took three games from the Office of Chief, 
and Center Market whitewashed the Fruit and Vegetable quintet, Monday 
night. Cotton won two games from Earm Management but the latter team 
came back strong in the third game and hung up , the high game of the 

The girls open their season Wednesday night. 

15. REGULATIONS EQR THE STORAGE OE PEANUTS under the warehouse act have 
been amended effective October 1 to provide for extension of the period 
in which peanuts may be stored in licensed warehouses. 

16. • FORECASTING THE PRICE OE HOGS, the essay by Charles E. Sarle, which 
was awarded the $650 Roger Babson prize for the best essay on forecasting 
the price of some staple commodity, has been publi shed as Supplement 2 to 
the September number of The American Economic Review. 

been revised and mimeographed specifications may be had from the Fruit 
and Vegetable Division or from the Division of Information. 

IS. TENTATIVE U. S. GRADES FOR SPINACH (1925) have also been revised 
and copies are now available. 


Mr. Cooper left Washington Monday evening on a trip which will take 
him to Cincinnati, Louisville and Lexington, Ky» At Lexington, he will 
address the meeting to be held on Poultry Day, October 7, at the University. 
He will return the last of the week accompanied by Mrs. Cooper and their 
young daughter. 

H. S. Yohe and H. K. Ho Iman leave tonight for Cincinnati, St. Louis 
and Kansas City. At Cincinnati they will discuss grain warehousing prob- 
lems with one of our principal grain licensees located there. They will 
'stop at St. Louis on Thursday and on Friday will go to Kansas City to 
meet bankers of both that city and St. Louis to try and work out a plan 
for warehousing grain under the warehouse act to make the receipts meet 
requirements of the bankers. They are particularly anxious to develop a 
system of registration like that in effect in practically all terminal 
grain markets. 

• Chris L. Christensen returned to the office yesterday after his 
trip as outlined in the September 22 issue of The News. 

Next Sunday, Mr. Christensen will leave for Chicago 'to attend a 
meeting of the Committee on Teaching Cooperative Marketing in the Public 
Schools, of which committee he is a member. The meeting will be held at 
The Blackstone, October 12 and 13. Mir. Christensen will confer with 
marketing officials at Indianapolis before returning to headquarters. 

H. J. Besley will address members of the Grain Dealers National 
Association at their convention at Kansas City, October 12- 1^. His 
subject will be "Harmonizing the U. S. Food and Drugs Act with the U. S. 
Grain Standards Act". 

October 6, 1925 

The S. A. S. Mews 


Dr. S. E. Chandler, of the Cotton Division, has tendered his resigna- 
tion effective October 13 to return to his chair at Occidental College, at 
Los Angeles. During the year Dr. Chandler has been with the Bureau he has 
carried on in cooperation with Clemson Agricultural College studies of the 
physical characteristics of cotton fiber, Ke has prepared three manu- 
scripts, one dealing with strength of cotton fiber, another with length of 
cotton fiber, and the third with brightness of the fiber. He has also 
developed, with the help of Bureau of Standards officials, apparatus to 
measure these qualities in cotton. 

Dr. A. 3. Cox, who recently returned from Europe, is no''- in Texas, 
concluding a study of 15 country markets. This study has been carried on 
during the past year in cooperation with the Texas A. and M. College. Dr. 
Cox will return in about a. week. 

E. G. Parker, of the Cotton Division, has returned from Mew Orleans 
and Houston where he went in connection with the classification work by 
our boards of cotton examiners at those points. Last night he left for 
Hew York to assist in the classifi cation work. 

Burke E. Critchfield, of the Division of Earm Management and Costs, 
did not let any of us in on his secret, but we found out that on September 
IS, he and Miss Helen Br 0 die were married in Mew York City, as Miss Brodie, 
the bride was known to many of us as the assistant manager and cashier of 
Cornell Cafeteria. 

Mr. and Mrs. Critchfield are now at home in Mew Orleans, the head- 
quarters of Mr. Critchfield since May, when he undertook the survey of the 
production, marketing and consumption of farm products in Louisiana and 
Southern Mississippi* 

Daniel E. Schirake, of the Warehouse Division, whose headquarters 
are at Wichita, Kans. is in Washington this week conferring with members 
of his division relative to the work in general. 

E. f. Baker left Washington October k for Mew York, Pittsburgh, 
Buffalo, Chicago and Indianapolis in the interest of the livestock and meat 
market news service. 

G. S. Klemmedson, Associate Agricultural Economist, of the Division 
of Earm Management and Costs, who has been stationed at Port Collins, Colo, 
will come to Washington to assist in analyzing and preparing for publica- 
tion data showing the results of an economic study of the methods and 
practices in beef cattle production in the Great Plains region. 

James K. Wallace who is out >»est giving cattle grading demonstra- 
tions writes that he had a very well attended and interesting meeting on 
September 30 at the Bowman Ranch in the Big Horn Mountain Foothills of 
Wyoming. The Earl o f Portsmouth, who attended, told Mr. Wallace he would 
rather be a Wypn&ng ranchman than to sit in the English parliament. 


The B. A.. I' -News 

Vol- 13, No- 1^. 

Vacations have "been a. most popular tupic of interest in oar organi- 
zation, for the past few months', ' and .the Bureau has "been represented in many- 
States; and in various European countries by our vacationists, most of whom 
have now returned tanned and refreshed "by their outings, ready for another 
year of work. 

We would like' to have covered, the vacation plans of all our members,' 
"but that would' have "been quite a large, order, so we chronicled as many 
as came to us. ■ ' ■ ' ; 

Lake a chameleon, iviiss Evelyn Scarlett, of Stenographic, changed her • 
color as well as her name when she "became Mrs. william Black. 'The wedding 
was performed at 10 o ' clo^ck yesterday morning at the Sherwood Presbyterian 
church, after- which Mr. and Mrs., Black left for a motor trip to Florida. , 
The Stenographic Section remembered the "bride with a steak set of the 
Fairfax pattern* 

Last Wednesday, the Division of Information gave a farewell luncheon 
in honor of L. -a. Adams, who resigned to accept a position with the United 
States Chamber of * Commerce* The "party" was held in one of the office rooms', 
and in addition to members of the division was attended "by B. B. Smith and 
K- B. Gardner, former associates of Mr. Adams. J. Clyde ■ Mar qui s was toast- 
master and on. behalf of the division presented Mr. Adams with an electric 
cigarette lighter -to be installed in his new Hash. 

C. L. Einch returned to his desk today after several weeks' absence 
visiting our cotton offices in the South in the interest of enforcement Of 
the cotton futures and standards acts. Mr, Einch also called at the grain 
offices at Memphi s , Hew Orleans', Oklahoma City and Chicago. 

W« E, Bent, member of the Houston board of cotton examiners , has . 
resigned to "become associated with Edward T. Bobertson & Son, Controllers. 
Mr. Dent's headquarters will "be Havre, Erance. 

E» L. Sechrist, of the Eruit and Vegetable Division, left Medina, 
Ohio, Sunday for the West to investigate the grading of comb honey. At 
Denver, he will work with the Colorado Honey Producers' Exchange and other 
honey interests in Colorado, Wyoming and Montana. Later, he may go to 
Madison, Wis. to discuss the situation with officials there. 

J. H. Shollenberger left 'Washington Sunday to gather samples and 
information relative to the washing and liming of .smutty wheat and the 
effect of this treatment on milling qualities. His itinerary includes 
points in Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Hehraska and Missouri. 

C. L. Pier, of the Chicago office of the Division of Dairy and Poultry 
Products, will act as judge of butter at the National Dairy Show at Indianapo- 
lis next week. 

E. E. Ramsay has gone to Hew York to assist our Board of Cotton 
Examiners in the handling of cotton samples incident to moving our stock 
of cotton to our warehouse at f2 Eront Street. 



October 13, 1925. ' Vol. 13, No. 15. 


Standardization of cotton trading rules and contracts in the world's 
cotton markets would iron out many of the difficulties now experienced ty 
American shippers and would place the world cotton "business on a more uni- 
form "basis, Dr. A. B. Cox, Agricultural Economist of the Cotton Division, 
declared after a year's study of European cotton markets. Dr. Cox came 
hack from abroad about two weeks ago but left immediately for Texas points 
and has just returned to Washington. 

"Much time and money are lost in international cotton trade through 
the need to arbitrate disputes arising out of differences in trading rules, 
contracts and practices in the various markets" Dr. Cox said. "No two 
cotton markets are a? ike in methods of calculating cotton tare and net 
weights, in the wording of contracts, and as regards length of staple." 

Dr. Cox's recommendation for the elimination of these difficulties 
is to encourage the movement for the standardization of rules, practices 
and staple length description. These reforms, he thinks, will be greatly 
promoted "by the cooperation of the European cotton trade with American 

Discussing the present European textile situation, Dr. Cox said 
that textile production in England has "been very much reduced since the war 
on account of decreased buying power of India and China, tut is now in- 
creasing. Italy, on the other hand, is taking more American cotton to meet 
the demand for lower grade products. Production costs, also, in Italy are 
much loA r er than in England due to cheap labor. 

The German mills, he said, made money up to June, when production 
began to outrun sales. Switzerland has about the same situation as in 
England, the demand for high class goods /or embroidery and laces having 
declined, and cost of production high. Spain is manufacturing sjainly for 
home needs. 

France is almost back to pre-war production, having taken nearly 
1,000,000 bales of American cotton this year. Costs of production in Erance 
are low because of cheap money. Belgium mills have also made money. Mills 
in both France and Belgium show a. considerable improvement since the war, 
much modern machinery and manufacturing methods having been installed. 

Dr. Cox's European trip was made primarily to analyze the markets 
at Liverpool, Bremen, Havre, Milan, Barcelona, Ghent, Rotterdam, Antwerp 
and Manchester. A detailed- report of his studies of market movements, con- 
tracts, hedging, cotton financing, weight settlements, and the like, is 
now being prepared and it is expected that it will be submitted for publi- 
cation by the time Br. Cox leaves the bureau the latter part of December. 


The B.A-E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 15 



Estimates for Bureau expenses for the fiscal year 1927 were pre- 
sented to members of the Bureau of the Budget, last Thursday, by Mr. 
Tenny, Mr. Olsen, Mr. Kitchen and Miss Clark. The figures are confiden- 
tial until presented to Congress, after which they will be published in 
The News. 



The history of land prices in selected counties of Indiana is to 
he studied by the Division of Land Economics and the Indiana Agricultural 
Experiment Station, according to plans just completed. E. H. Wiecking 
will represent the Division of Land Economics and Prof. 0. G. Lloyd, the 

It is aimed to collect information regarding sales of farm real 
estate from 18S0 to .1880 to connect with similar data already obtained 
for 1890 to date. 



The Fourth National Cooperative Marketing Conference will be held 
in Washington, January 12-15, it has just been announced, but no details 
of the conference program have been made public. 



Studies of organizations affecting rural life in Virginia are to be 
undertaken by Dr. Galpin's Division and the new Department of Rural Soci- 
ology of the Virginia Agricultural College. This will he the first re- 
search project undertaken by the Virginia Department. 



Attention has been called to the advisability of answering all in- 
coming correspondence as promptly as possible. In times past the Section 
of Mails and Files has had a follow-up system, but in an effort to econo- 
mize and reduce administrative expenses wherever possible, this follow-up 
work has been discontinued except with reference to Secretarial and Con- 
gressional mail. 

A recent brief check-up showed considerable delay in handling corre- 
spondence in some divisions. Division leaders have been requested to im- 
press upon the members of their divisions .who handle correspondence that 
prompt acknowledgment of a letter should be made if the letter is of such 
a nature that the information requested cannot be given promptly. Very 
often wrong impressions are created by what might appear to he unnecessary 
delay in complying with a request. 

October 13, 1925 

The 3. A. 35. News 



Robbed and married within a week is a new record for one of us, 
hut it is what actually happened to Julius Kali Jacohson, Statistician 
for Idaho. When Mr. Jacohson tvas on his way east to sit in with the Crop 
Reporting Board, and incidentally to "become a Benedict, he was held up 
hy a train rohher and fleecud. He was on the observation of a Union 
Pacific fast train from Portland, Greg. , to Omaha, and was about two sta- 
tions out of Omaha when the robber boarded the train, put on a mask and 
at the point of his revolver forced the train porter to precede him 
through three pullmans and collect all valuables from passengers. Mr. 
Jacohson was relieved of his money, jewelry, including the diamond and 
wedding rings intended for his bride, and checks to his baggage which 
contained his wedding apparel. Mr. Jacohson admits that he was so sick 
and so excited that he told the robber his watch was platinum instead of 

A conductor dropped off the train and telegraphed for a railroad 
detective who followed on a special engine, boarded the train, exchanged 
shots and wounded the thief. The detective then dropped off the train, 
reloaded and fired through a car window putting a bullet in the robber's 
head and causing his death within fifteen minutes. As the train was then 
pulling into the Omaha sheds, the booty was taken to the railroad office 
and there distributed to the rightful owners. 

Mr. Jacohson then proceeded to Taylorville, 111., where on October 
3, he and Mrs. Vaughan Miller Knopp were married. Mr. and Mrs. Jacohson 
are now in Washington, where the former is assisting in the crop report- 
ing work. As a double celebration, the bridegroom was very generous in 
treating to candy and cigars. 


A circular letter just received from the Chief of Division of Par- 
chase, Sales, and Traffic reads: 

"In order that the Purchasing Agent of the Post Office 
Department may be advised as to all failures of the Commercial 
Envelope Company of Baltimore, Maryland, zo meet the requirements 
of its contract in supplying envelopes to this department, will 
you not kindly report promptly to this office all future in- 
stances where inferior envelopes are furnished or delayed service 
is rendered by the company. Each shipment should be inspected as 
thoroughly as practicable upon receipt to determine whether or 
not it meets the requirements of the contract, and in connection 
with shipments of 50,000 envelopes, or more, the bureau inspection 
should be supplemented hy laboratory examination. To this end, 
samples of not less than 20 envelopes taken from as many differ- 
ent boxes should be sent to Mr. H- A. Nelson, this Department's 
representative on the Envelope Committee. He will arrange for a 
test and report back to the Bureau. Laboratory tests of samples 
from deliveries of less than 50,000 may also be secured through 
Mr. Nelson when desired." 

Among the complaints which have already been made hy field 


The B.A.S. News 

Vol. 13, No. 1 

offices of this "bureau are the following: Shortage in the number of 
"boxes invoiced; shortage in the number of envelopes in the boxes; pack- 
ing of envelopes loose in wooden cases; large numbers of improperly- 
printed; and unprinted envelopes mixed with the printed ones; envelopes 
with seams only partially glued; delayed deliveries; shipping via differ- 
ent route than directed; etc. As the bureau may suffer considerable loss 
end inconvenience through the failure of the contractor to render proper 
service, it is very essential that all field offices receiving shipments 
of envelopes inspect them carefully for the delinquencies mentioned above 
and when returning receipt attach report on condition and quality of 
stock together with 20 sample envelopes selected from 20 different boxes. 
All reports for this bureau should be forwarded to J. F. Pevare, In 
Charge of Property and Supplies, who will in turn transmit them to the 
Department Representative. 


Among the accessions to the Bureau Library for the week ending 
October 9 are : 

International federation of master cotton spinners' and; manu- 
facturers' associations. ... Rules- for the settlement 
"by an international board of arbitrators of disputes and 
differences under contracts entered into in or in connec- 
tion with the cotton trade between parties of different 
nationalities... Manchester, Taylor Garnett' Evans & 
co. , ltd. , 1925. 

International yearbook of agricultural statistics, 1924-25. 
Rome, Imprimerie de l'Institut international d 'agricul- 
ture, 1925. 

Prasad, Jagdish. Bibliography of economic books relating to 
India... Calcutta, Printed at the Baner^tjee press, 1923. 

Sauzede, Andre. Comment 1 'agriculteur peut verifier sa feuille 
d'impots sur les revenus...- Paris, Maison rustique [1925] 
(Collection de ''Defense agricole" , pub. sous la direction 
de Henry Girard) 

U. S. Tariff commission. The, cattle industries of the United 
States and Canada. "Washington, Govt. print. off . , 1925. 

U. S. Bureau of labor statistics. Wholesale prices series, 
no. 390. 1890 to 1924. Washington, 1925. 

Washington (State) State college. Division of farm management. 
The economics of poultry farming in western Washington. . . 
Pullman, Wash. , Nov. 1924. 

October 13, 1925 

The B.A.E. News 



10. RESULTS OE COMPARATIVE SPINNING TESTS of five leading varieties of 
Texas cottons are reported in a Preliminary Report now available. These 
spinning tests are one of the lines of work that directly connect the pro- 
duction and marketing studies of the Department. The Bureau of Plant In- 
dustry chooses the cotton of known variety and origin and this Eureau con- 
ducts the tests, for, as pointed out in this report, cotton that has some 
marked production advantage may have disadvantages in spinning properties 
that render it undesirable to grow. H. H. Willis, stationed at Clemson 
College is the author of this report and footnote credit is given, among 
others not in this Bureau, to H. B. Richardson, C. E. Ib lk, E- S. Cummings 
and to Miss Etta Zeh. 

11. THE ECONOMY OE CAREFUL PACKING OF EGGS has been demonstrated in a 
series of shipments to test the comparative efficiency under commercial 
conditions of eight different methods of packing eggs in cases and two 
methods of buffing or bracing the cases in the cars. A mimeographed report 
entitled 11 Comparative Efficiency of Various Methods of Packing, Loading and 
Bracing Eggs" prepared by Rob R. Slocum describes the tests and gives the 
data secured in detail. 

12. JUST IN TIME FOR THE APPLE PACKING SEASON, the revision of Farmers 
Bulletin 1080, giving directions for the preparation of barreled apples 
for market, has come from the press. The original authorship is carried 
over in this revision as is the bulletin number but R. R. Pail thorp has 
revised both text and illustrations. 

13. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT IS MADE of the helpful suggestions of W. F. Callander, 
Joseph Becker and F. J. Blair in the preparation of New Jersey Department 

of Agriculture Circular No. 88, entitled "The Relationship of Production 
and Movement of Fruits and Vegetables in the United States to the Distri- 
bution of New Jersey's Produce". Footnote credit is given to S. R. Biddle, 
0. D. Miller and J. B. Hathcock for furnishing data utilized in the publi- 

14. LOST BOOKS. Copies of Alfred Marshall's "Principles of Economics" 
and of Dr. W. J. Spillman's "Law of Diminishing Returns" disappeared from 
the desk of Mordecai Szekiel during the summer. As both are new books with 
the owner's name written on the inside cover, Mr. Ezekiel would appreciate 
their return. 

of the mimeographed circular prepared by Lawrence A. Adams and reporting 
upon the latest consumer survey. 

discussed in Bulletin No. 416 of the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment 
Station. W. C Funk and A. G. Waller, who represented this bureaxi in the 
cooperative study, are joint authors of the bulletin. 

17. FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INSPECTIONS will be made at shipping points in 
Arkansas by this Bureau in cooperation with the Arkansas State Plant Board, 
according to an agreement entered into by these two organizations. 


The B.A.E. Hews 

Vol. 13, No. 15 

Mr. Cooper returned to his desk Monday morning. : • 

Mr. Tenny and Mr. Sherman are leaving Washington today for an ex- 
tended western trip. They will travel together- as far as Portland, Oreg. , 
stopping en route at numerous points especially in Montana, Wyoming and 
Idaho, where Mr. Sherman will get in touch, with the several new State offi- 
cials in those States in regard to shipping-ppint inspection work. Mr. 
Tenny will interview the same officials with- regard bo- numerous coopera- 
tive .project? in which' different divisions of the "bureau have recently 
entered. The first stop will he made at Lincoln, then a day will be 'spent 
at Denver, Cheyenne, Billings, Bozeman, Butte, and Idaho Palls. Prom Idaho, 
Mr. Tenny and Mr. Sherman will go to the apple districts of Washington, 
spending some time at Yakima and Wanatchee, then . going to Olympia for a 
conference with State officials, and reaching Portland, October 30. 

Mr. Terny will preside at the public.; hearings on meat and livestock 
grades to be held by our Livestock Division in connection with the Pacific 
International Livestock Show at Portland, October 31-. Mr. Whalin and Mr. 
Davio will attend to present details of our research and standardization 
pro L ,;. am on livestock and meat grades. 

At Sacramento, both Mr. Tenny and Mr. Sherman will attend the annual 
convention of farmers and fruit .growers keld under the auspices of the 
State Department of Agriculture, ..and the meeting of the Western Commission- 
ers of Agriculture. At the .former mee tirg, Mr. Tenny will speak on the - 
work of tlit Bureau, as "it relates to the farming and fruit growing interests 
of California, and at the latter, he will discuss the Department's attitude 
toward regulatory work. 

Mr. Tenny will visit our Los Angeles and San Irancisco offices and 
return by way of Houston,' C-alvestcn and lew Orleans, getting in totich with 
our boards of cotton examirers at Houston and New Orleans. He erpects to . 
reach W^hir^ton between November 15 and- 20. 

.After leaving Sacramento, Mr. Sherman will visit the fruit and vege- 
table market news office at Los Angeles. He will return by way of Arizona 
and Texas, handling hay inspection matters for Mr. Wheeler in the former 
State and visiting railway and State officials concerning programs of work 
in Texas. He will also visit eligibles for appointment' and confer with 
members of the Regional Advisory Board of the American Railway Association 
at Little Rock. He will return about December 1. 

E. W. Stillwell left Sunday night for Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago, 
Waupaca, Minneapolis, Omaha and Kansas City to confer with officials in 
charge of offices at these points and members of the trade relative to the 
conduct of the market service on fruits and vegetables. 

0- M. Johnson, of Ohio State University, reported for duty as an 
agricultural economist in the Division of Land Economics," October 9. Mr. 
Johnson will be in charge of the work on farm land tenure-, formerly done by 
Dr. C. L. Stewart. ■ 

F. H\ Mc.Campbell, of the San Prancisco office of the Dairy and 
Poultry Products Division, has been invited to judge dairy products at the 

October 13, 1925 

The B.A.E. News 


Pacific International Livestock Exposition to be held at Portland October 
31 - November 7, and also at the Pacific Slope Dairy Show to he held in 
Oakland, G a lif . , November 14 - 21. Mr. McCampbell has just returned from 
Los Angeles, where he has been in connection with dairy and poultry prod- 
ucts transportation and cold storage problems. 

C. W. Hauck returned Saturday from the West and will leave tomorrow 
for a month's trip primarily in the interest of grape grading. Mr. Hauck 
will visit Buffalo and other points in Erie County to discuss grades for 
cauliflower with shippers. Daring the remainder of his trip which will 
take him to Ohio, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Michigan and Massachusetts, he 
will confer with inspectors and members of the trade, fruit auctioneers, 
and others regarding grades for grapes. 

Last Tuesday evening the Division of Land Economics gave a surprise 
party at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard Turner, who had just returned from 
their wedding trip. The Division members gathered quietly around the house 
and then suddenly made known they were present by all kinds of noises. The 
Turners seemed much surprised but made the guests welcome. A pleasant 
evening was spent during which refreshments of cider, sandwiches, and 
doughnuts were served. In a speech presenting the bride and groom with a 
half dozen knives, forks and spoons, Dr. Gray, after discussing President 
Coolidge's desire for economy, plus efficiency and cooperation, stated that 
the- Division of Farm Population and Rural Life and the Division of Land 
Economics were doing their share to forward this policy in the marriage 
of Miss Veda Larson of the former Division to Mir. Howard Turner of the 
latter Division. Dr. Gray closed his speech with the following limericks: 

There is a young gar con named Turner 
Who thought every girl was a yeamer 
He tried the canoe 
Hikes and tramping trips too, 

But he said "She won't fall for me, durn her.'" 

At last came a lady named Larson 

That final ly nailed the young garcon 

She took him away 

Without wasting a day 

And carried him off to the parson. 

Since that time there have passed several moons 

Life has brought broken hearts many boons, 

But to soften their pain 

They have come once again 

To give the young spooners some spoons. 

D. A. McCandliss, Regional Cotton Statistician, with headquarters 
at Gulfport, Miss. , E. A. Logan, from Missouri, Carl A. Robinson from 
Oklahoma, and W. H. Rhodes from North Carolina, were the Statisticians 
called in to Washington to act as members of the Crop Reporting Board for 
the cotton report released on October 8. With the exception of Mr. McCand- 
liss, these Statisticians and J. H. Jacobson from Idaho were part of the 
Board which released the general crop report on October 9. 


The B.A.E. News 

Vol. ' 13. No. .15 

Charles E. Gage leaves tonight for Wisconsin to check up on tobacco 
production statistics. e re turn trip, he will stop off in the cigar 

tobacco section of the Miami Valley of Ohio to look over the situation there. 

Occupants of the third floor attic, sixth wing, Building C, better 
known as the Division of Farm Management and Costs, had a very enjoyable 
hour yesterday when they gave a farewell luncheon in honor of 71. H. 'Wilcox, 
who resigns Thursday, and Mrs. Wilcox. Sensing the masculine proclivity to 
forget and wishing to be remembered, briefly at least, members of the divi- 
sion presented Mr. Wilcox with a brief case. In reporting upon the luncheon, 
Mrs. Mary B. Thompson said: 

"Oh.' yes, we had eats, 

And poetical treats, 

Witty speeches, and singing galore, 

But the time sped so fast 

We found at the last 

That we really had no time for more." 

P. H. Quinn, in Charge, Audits and Accounts, is enjoying an extended 
vacation period. With friends, Mr. Quinn is motoring through Pennsylvania 
and New York to Niagara Palls. Prom there the party will continue into 
Canada visiting points of interest along the way to Montreal and returning 
by way of Lakes Champlain and George' and along the Hudson. 

Miss Mary G. Lacy, Librarian,, spoke at the meeting of the library 
staff of the entire department last 'Thursday. As chairman of the Agricul- 
tural Libraries Section of the American Library Association, Miss Lacy out- 
lined the work of the section at the annual meeting at Seattle last summer. 
She reported that the delegates represented better geographical distribu- 
tion than usual and stated that it was the consensus of opinion that it was 
time for the section to develop a definite program to be carried on between 
meetings. Several suggestions are now being considered toward this end. 

A. V. Swarthout will leave Wednesday night for New York City and 
Boston to confer with officials of cotton mills and others regarding a 
study of the merchandising, methods and business practices of cooperative 
marketing of cotton. 

W. R. Kuehn, in charge of the market news service on grain, hay, 
feed and seed, at Minneapolis, will go to Kansas City and Chicago to confer 
with our branch office representatives there and members of the feed trade 
with reference to the market- news service. 

J. M. Borders left Sunday for Wauseon, and other points in Ohio to 
demonstrate the U. S. standards and grades for eggs' to employees and membei s 
of the Ohio Poultry Producers Association and the Ohio farm Bureau Federa- 
tion and others. 

Jess W. Wade, of the Warehouse Division, has been transferred from 
Walla Walla, Wash. , to Boise, Idaho. 


October 20, 1925. 


* OCT 

0. I k ... w 

Vol. 13, No- 16 • 

The Supreme Court announced yesterda.y that it would not review the 
claim of the Washington Market Company against the Government for $200,000 
as an allowance for the property as a "going concern" • 

In the purchase of the building and improvements belonging to the 
market company, which occupy Government land s the market company appealed 
to the courts from the decision of the commission appointed to appraise 
the property and obtained an increase in the purchase price. The company 
was unsuccessful, however, in trying to obtain an allowance for "good will" 
in addition to the purchase price of the property * 



'The annual meeting of the National Association of Marketing 
Officials will be held at the Congress Hotel, Chicago, November 30 -December 
2, according to an announcement just made by the Secretary- Treasurer 0 The 
program this year will feature the recent trend of development among co- 
operatives; problems relating to marketing of livestock; a discussion of 
land values as related to agricultural prosperity; and the adjustment of 
agricultural production to market requirements* Other topics to be con- 
sidered will be standardization of requirements for the accreditation, 
certification and registration of poultry, hatcheries and flocks; 
advertising as related to the marketing of agricultural products; trans- 
portation problems , etc* 

The speakers who will handle the topics as outlined will be an- 
nounced at a later date* 

CD i 

-a - 



3, MISSOURI AND KA NSAS ship pers 


A* publicity campaign has been organized in cooperation with Lean 
Umberger and 3. A. Stokiyk of the Extension Service, Kansas Agricultural 
College, and Daniel C. Sogers of the Missouri State Marketing Bureau, to 
acquaint all hay shippers in Kansas and Missouri with the Federal hay 
inspection service. The Santa Fe, Rock. Island, Union Pacific, and C. S. 
& Q.« railways are assisting in the work. The service at Kansas City is 
under the direct management of George Postmus, Acting Supervising Hay 
Inspector,. West Central Division, 1^13 Genesee St. 


The B. A* E. News,* 

Vol. 13, No. 16 


Splendid progress in the economic survey of Mississippi, in which 
this Bureau is cooperating, is reported by. T. M. Patterson, State Agent 
in Marketing. As a result of the survey, Mr. Patterson believes that 
definite economic information of inestimable value will be worked out 
for farmers of the State, as well as for extension and experiment station 

Records from over ^QO individual farms in distinctive areas have 
just been taken. This detailed information, together with 1925 census 
reports, all census reports since 1SS0, and all information in the hands 
of extension and experiment station workers will be used in formulating 
programs for future farm practi ces. The forces conducting the survey 
are now very busy tabulating and analyzing reports and records obtained. 

5. A NE.7 USE FOE 


The B. A. E. News made its first appearance in court last Saturday 
when Miss Marietta Thomas, of the Division of Information, presented the 
issue of September 15 to prove that she was not guilty of parking over- 
time on a downtown Washington Street on September 21, as set forth in a 
warrant served on her. The policeman was adamant, but the judge, after 
reading in The News that at the time in question Miss Thomas was "driving 
her new Chrysler to Scottdale, Pa.", dismissed the case, much to the 
amusement of the court. Miss Thomas says she never before realized how 
valuable our house organ is. That September number was worth $10 to her. 



The practice of some Washington employees of drawing money between 
pay days causes confusion and extra work in the Section of Audits and 
Accounts as well as in the Department Disbursing Office. To relieve 
this situation to a certain extent, Mr. Kitchen, Business Manager, requests 
that no further advances be allowed except in extreme emergency cases, 
such as death in the immediate family or performance of official travel. 

Hereafter, requests for advances should be initialed by Mrs. Link, 
of the Section of Audits and Accounts, and by the Head Clerk of the Division 
before certification by Mr. Duvall. Head Clerks are also requested to make 
sure that all leave without pay is reported immediately to the Section of 


A pleasing personality is an essential requisite for success 
in business and in social life. EDVA 

.OctQber 20, .1925 

The 3. A» E. Mews. 


7» livestock amd feed conditions 
ih Bangs states ^ epqi.ted 

James 2, Wallace of the Livestock, keats and Wool Division, who is 
nov traveling through the range States demonstrating the standard market 
classes and grades of livestock developed "by this Bureau has just sub- 
mitted the following "brief outline of livestock and feed conditions as he 
finds them in the territory visited: 

"Coming up through Colorado, Wyoming and Montana, I came in contact 
with the feeding situation in the sugar "beet and alfalfa sections which 
are right now at the height of the movement of cattle and lambs to feedlots. 
Northern Colorado has only about a 40^ crop of beets and is short on 
alfalfa and will feed, it is stated, less than jO L /o of normal numbers. 

"Beet planting was restricted due to the contentions between the 
sugar company and the growers' organization over price and contract in 
the spring which matter was not settled until too late to plant a full 

'Alfalfa tonnage was short due to a very dry spring in that partic- 
ular section. Nebraska will feed 15 to 20j» more lambs than a year ago so 
sheepman say who have been delivering lambs on contract as they had good 
crops and an increased tonnage of beets. 

"The Sheridan, Wyoming, irrigated section plans to feed 60,000 
lambs compared to 35 ► 000 a year ago, some Colorado feeders having rented 
space and brought in stock. Between 9»000 and 10,000 cattle will also be 

"Over in the Big Horn Basin, xvhere a lot of pulp previously had been 
dried and sold for dairy feed in the Middle West,, they are planning to feed 
several big strings of lambs. The Billings, Montana, irrigated section in 
the Yellowstone Valley has only about 65^0 of tonnage of beets and is ex- 
pected to feed 6,500 cattle instead of 10,000 as a year ago and about 
30,000 lambs. The shortage in the latter will not be as heavy as in cattle 
but a good big share . of the cattle are to be fed on contract for a sugar 
company which has increased cattle feeding and decreased lambs. 

"The lambs largely go to actual farm ovmer feeders, some of whom 
are feeding lambs for the first time.., .There is a new suge.r mill a^ay up 
in Sidney in 11, S. Montana and 10,000 to 12,000 lambs are to be fed there 
for the first time. Feeding in transit privileges have been put into effect 
all through this section on a basis of through freight to the River plus 
$8.50 per car on lambs, and 1C# per cwt, additional to through rate on cattle." 



Applications for the Civil Service examination for Cotton Classer's 
Helper at $1,500 a year, will "be received until November 7^ and the date 
for assembling competitors will be stated on the admission cards sent 
applicants after the close of receipt of applications. The duties of the 
appointees will be to assist in arranging sets of cotton standards for 
inspection and review and to perform subordinate work in the cotton 
standards laboratory. Competitors will be rated on practical questions 
relative to the duties of the position, and on education and experience. 
The announcement covering this examination is numbered 273* 

■The B . JU E. Uews. 

Vol* 13, Ho. 16. 



In the B. a. E. K'ews of September 29, 192.5,' announcement was made 
of the appointment of a bureaV'cp.mmi ttee to. work' v/ith officials of the 
American Railway Asso ciation 'in connection with all matters of mutual 
interest. Through the American Railway Association there has been created 
twelve -Shipp er s 1 Advisory Boards representative of as many districts in 
the country. Among other things, -the objects of these Boards are; 

1. To form a common meeting ground between shippers, 
local railroads and the carriers -as a whole, as represented 
by the Car Service Division of the .american Railway Associa- 
tion, for the better mutual understanding of local and general 

' , . transportation requirements, to analyze transportation needs 

in its territory and to assist in anticipating car requirements, 
and to further the co-ordination of railroad with water and 
truck transportation. 

2. To study production, markets, distribution and trade 
channels of the commodities-' handled in its territory, to the 
end of effecting improvements in trade practices as related 

to transportation, and to promoting a more even distribution 
of commodities, where practicable- 

3« To give the shipping public a direct voice in the ac- 
tivities of the Car Service Division of the American Railway 
Association, through the officers of this Board and the local 
District Manager of the Car Service Division, in all matters 
of mutual concern. , 

Excellent results are reported accomplished from the work of these 
Advisory Boards, particularly with respect to the allocation of freight 
cars. The reports on business conditions by the various commodity com- 
'mittees working under each 3oard 'affords the American Railway Association 
an opportunity to determine car requirements in advance of actual needs. 
Believing that there is an opportunity for this Bureau to render assistance 
through these Boards, men in charge r o£ branch offices are requested, as 
opportunity arises, to become acquainted with the District Manager for their 
district and furnish such information or render such assistance to the 
Advisory Board for the district or any commodity division working thereunder 
that is consistent with Bureau policy. Agricultural Statisticians are 
parti pularly' requested to familiarize themselves v/ith the work of these 
'Boards. '-' 

■"..< - .District Managers, 'with the area represented by each, are located 
as follows; \ 

X. W. D.' Beck - Chicag o; 

Wisconsin. Iowa. Illinois . western "Indiana. 

October 20, 1925 

The Br A, E. News. 


2. a, P. Stevens - De-proit : 

Michigan, Northeastern Indiana, Northern Ohio » Northwestern 
Penn sylvania, 

3» P o J » Co leman — Minn eapo li s ; .;. . 

Minnesota, -..North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana. 

h . J. A. Morris - Cincinnati : 

Southeastern Indiana, Southern Ohio, Kentucky- 

5« J. W. Hi ley - St. Louis : 

Kansas, Missouri, Northeastern. Oklahoma, Northern Arkansas. 

6. E » W . ' Edwa rd s - B i rrnin gham : 

Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, 
Alabama, Mississippi, and New Orleans. 

7 • -E. C. Andrews -' Dallas : 

Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana (except New Orleans), Eastern New 
Mexico . 

8. E. J. Cleve - New York City ; 

New York, New, .Jersey; Eastern Maryland, Delaware, Eastern Penn- 
• sylvania. 

9. C. E. Wolcott - Pittsburgh : 

'Western Pennsylvania, Eastern Ohio, Northwestern West Virginia. 

10*. -: W* J. Smith - Omaha : 

I daho , %oming , N eb ra ska , U tah , Co lo rado • 

11. Leithner - San Erancisco : 

Nevada., California, Arizona, Western New Mexico. 

12. .. .Q-. C. Eandall - Boston : 

Maine, Vermont, New Hamp shire , Massachusetts, Rhode Island, 

13. Washington Headquarters: (D. C. ) 

Virginia, West: Virginia, Western Maryland* . .• 

ik. Washington 'Headquarters: (D. C. ) 
'Washington, Oregon* 

Meetings are held quarterly by each Board.. In so far as possible 
some members of the Bureau will be designated by the Washington office to 
attend such; meetings. Local representatives, however, should also attend 
these meetings whenever such attendance can be accomplished without extra 
travel or interference with regular duties- If men in charge of branch 
offices have any information that would be helpful to the person designated 
to attend a Board meeting, such information should be forwarded to him as. 
soon as the name of the person designated is known. Letters to Washington 
concerning relationships with these Boards should be marked for the atten- 
tion of Mr. Kitchen* 


The B. A, S* Hews. 

Vol* '13, No. 16. 


Among the accessions to the 3 area a Library for the week ending 
Oc xolier 16 are: • 

Peng, Eui. A program of Chinese agriculture... Ithaca 192U, 
Abstract of thesis (Ph. D.)- Cornell university. 

Institut international de statistique, Apercu annuel de la 

deraographie des divers pays' du monde.-. . [2?] anne'e: 1925* •» La 
Haye, Societe anonyme ancienne librarie, 1925* 

Lust, H. C* Consolidated digest of , decisions under the Interstate 
commerce act (1887 to 132k)... Fowler, Ind. , H. C. Lust company, 

.1925, v.i. . .... 

Moulton, H. G. & Lewis, Cleona. ' ' The. French debt problem. New-York, 
Macmillan 00.', 1925- (institute of economics* Investigations 
in international economic reconstruction) 

National foreign trade convention. Official report of the 12th... 
convention, 1925* New York, 1925. 

National live stock producers association. Annual „r eport ... 192^+., 
Chicago, National live stock producers association, 1925 

Nebraska. University-, College of business administration. Committee 
on business research. Nebraska studies in business no. 13* 
Operating exoenses of retail shoe stores in Nebraska in 192*+. 
Aug. 1925. 

Scottish conference on agri cultural po li cy. Report ... Edinburgh, H.M, 
Stationery off . , 1925, 

Statistique generale de geographie humaine comparee. • 11th annee. Paris 

U. S. Bureau of the census. Financial statistics of states, 1923, 

Washington, 1925* 

Wardell, C. a. H* Business economics and statistics. Statistics 
and the business cycle. Philadelphia, La Fayette institute, 

inc. [192U] , . . ; ; • 

BURFAU brevities . _ . 

11. LIST OF TECHNICAL WORKERS' in the. United. States Department of Agri cul- 
ture, 192^-25, has been printed as Miscellaneous Circular No* ^5» and is 
now available. Eleven pages. are devoted to listing' the scientific and 
technical workers of this Bureau. Copies of .this circular may be had upon ■ 
application to Miss Thomas. 

October^ 20, ( 1325 

The B. A. E. News. 


12. EFFICIENT METHODS QT'KRteXWG MEATS are outlined in simple language' 
and fron the retail dealers' point of view in Miscellaneous Circular No. 5^ 
which came from the press just in time for. use at a meeting where it was ••• 
wanted. The Bureau cf Business Research, .Northwestern University, co- 
operated in the study or. which this circular is "based and several association 
connected with the meat trade gave assistance* Boy C. Lindquist ,for a time 
Research Agent in Marketing, is author. 

13- LIVESTOCK FINANCING is the subject of Agricultural Economics 
Bibliography No. 7» This is a ; selected- list of references relating to 
the financing, cf the livestock industry in the United States, con-piled "by 
Miss Katharine Jacobs under the direction of Miss Mary G. Lacy, Librarian. 

USEFUL INIORMAIION regarding U. S. standards of quality for individual 
e bg s . If. S. buying grades for eggs, U. S. wholesale grades for eggs, and 
U. S. retail grades for eggs' is given in an attractive pamphlet prepared 
in. Mr. Potts' division and known as "Egg Standardization Leaflet No. 2". 

15. Crt.mOKN.lA ARTICHOKE DEAL ( season ] 32^-2$) is summarized by C. J. 
Hansen and 0. W. Holmes in a preliminary report just released. 

on hO ranches in North Central Texas, 1923, is reported upon .in mimeographed 
form. The study was made by G- S. 3Q stained Sony of this Bureau, and V. V*. 
Parr, of the Bureau of Animal Industry. 

17 = A LIST OE STATES which have standardized various types of fruit and 
vegetable containers with title and address of enforcing official has been 
compiled.. Conies may be had upon application to. Miss Thomas* 

in Delaware Extension Bulletin No < '. 10» H, W. Hawthorne, of the Division 
of Farm Management and Costs, is joint author. The suggestions made, are 
based on the results of a farm business survey of 31 farms during 1923- 

is reported upon in Indiana Experiment Station Bulletin No. 295' Among." 
the many agencies cooperating in the study was this Bureau which was repre- 
sented by Paul K. Edwards-, Research Agent in Marketing and joint author of 
the bulletin. 

20. LESSONS ON COTTON for use in elementary schools have been prepared 
by F. A. Merrill of the Extension Service and published in bulletin form 
as Miscellaneous Circular No- ^3, This publication is intended as an aid 
in teaching some of the more important features of cotton culture, grading, 
marketing, utilization and community production* .. : . 


\ * - i, f - 

S. The B. iU E. News Vol. 13, No. l6. 


N. A. Olsen represented the Bureau, at the meeting of the North- 
eastern Station Directors held at New Haven B Conn c , October 13* Mr. Olsen 
also attended the meeting of the New England Research Council at Boston. 

Earl E. French, Research Agent in Marketing, stationed at New York, 
also conferred with the members of the New England Research Council at 
their last meeting- 

After attending the National Dairy Exposition, Roy C Potts conferred 
with the "board of directors of the Missouri Earmers Association to consider 
a shipping point inspection service on eggs. At Chicago, he will confer 
with bureau representatives regarding the "butter inspection service. He 
will then go to Detroit to attend the annual convention of the National 
Association of Ice Cream Manufacturers to "be held October 19-2U-. 

Miss Mary G. lacy, bureau librarian and Misses Margaret Olcott, 
Mary Carpenter and Emily Day of the bureau library staff attended a joint 
meeting of library workers from Maryland, Virginia and the District of 
Columbia at Annapolis last Saturday. Special busses carried the party 
from Washington. After the meetings the librarians were the guests of the 
Naval Academy. 

Paul M. Williams returned to Washington last Monday after a 3 1/2 
months absence in the field. Mr, Williams conferred with directors of. 
agriculture of Wyoming,, Colorado, California and Idaho relative to the 
administration of the United States warehouse act- Agreements were entered 
into with the Director of Agriculture of California and the Commissioner 
of Agriculture of Idaho for the cooperative administration of the State 
and Eederal Warehouse laws. E. J. Murphy, formerly of the Dallas office 
of the warehouse Division, has been appointed Supervising Examiner for the 
administration of the Eederal and California statutes, and Jess W. 
is the federal representative in the joint administration of the Eederal 
and Idaho laws. 

Mr* Williams held a series of conferences in California with bankers, 
representatives of cooperative associations and warehousemen which culmi- 
nated in two hearings - one in Ios ,-uigeles on August 19» a nd the other in 
San Eran cisco, August 21. These hearings were held jointly under the 
direction of this Department and the California Department of Agriculture, 
and were largely attended. Plans for the joint administration of the U.S. 
& California Warehouse Acts were formulated as a result of the discussions. 
Mr. Williams also took up matters relating to the warehousing of raisins, 
figs, peaches, prunes, apricots, beans and potatoes with growers and growers 
asso ci ations. 

a. T. Edinger left New York October 1.6 for Chicago where he met 
L„ B. Burk en route to agricultural colleges in New Mexico, Texas, Colorado, 
Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming,, Missouri, Illinois and other States to assist in 
the selection and grading of cattle at experiment stations for use in a 
nation-wide study to determine the factors that make quality in meat. Mr. 
Burk has been chosen to represent the Bureau of Agricultural Economics and 
Mr. Edinger represents the Bureau of animal Industry on a committee of 

October 2 (\ .1925 The B» A. 3- IJews. 9- 

five to determine the grades of these a&iE&ls.. The other members of 'Jxtc 
committee are representatives from- th e .agricultural colleges and experiment 
stations involved and the Nafciorali Livestock arid Meat Board. Don J. Slater 
who has proposed the grade descriptions for' cattle vail relieve Mr. Bark in 
November* »..■.'• 

Orville M, Johnson, who se*' appointment a.s Agricultural Economist in 
the Division of Land Economics v?as 'announced last week, -received his B. S» 
in agriculture in 190S from the Ohio State Universi ty,- and has taken graduate 
work leading to a Ph, D. degree at the University of Wisconsin. Since July, 
has has been making an investigation of taxation as related to farming in 
the State of Ohio for the University,.' Previous to that he had taught school, 
farmed, carried on, an investigation' 'on- farm income "in West Virginia, was 
County .agent Leader in Ohio, and -assistant, in -agri cultural Economics, Univer- 
sity cf i/is'consin, ' *' •' ' 

■ : f Leo J. Schaben, who recently returned to his desk 'in ' the Division of 
Statistical, and Historical Research from a three weeks vacation in western . 
Iowa, is substituting for Dr. w : J/.Spillman l'n a post graduate course of 
lectures on agricultural commodities in-World trade, at the" School of ■ foreign 
Service, Georgetown University, daring the latter' s absence in the far West* < 
The two lectures already .delivered by Mr. Schaben were: The Effect of Bain- 
fall and .Temperatures 0 n Food Production and 'the Distribution .of Population, 
and Three Great Cereal Eeods, : k ~,heat,' Kye and Lice, and their Relation to 
Man's Social and Economic Status, These' lectures are supplemented by lantern 
slides "and motion pictures supplied by thi s Department. 

Dr. C. J. Galpin has returned frcm New Orleans, where he attended the 
mass meeting of the Triennial General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. On October 9,. he spoke, on "The Importance of the Parmer to the 
American Church". 

H. iU Marks is. being transfer red -from the Albany office to the 
Gainesville, Pla> office of the Division' of Crop and Livestock Estimates. 
Mr. Marks* i s now in Washington on his way South. He expects to'* make, observa-. 
tdons. of truck crops •while driving: to, his. Southern headquarters. • - . . . 

The Stenographic Section, celebrated Mr* and Mrs. Dickson's silver 
wedding anniversary last -Thursday by presenting them with a pair of silver 
candlesticks.- Our best wishes for many' more years of v/edded blissl 

• Bo- official reports will be .received. from Edwin Smith, during this 
week because he admits in an unofficial communication that his wedding "will 
interfere with work for at least a week.," On "October- 10,".Mr . Smith and Miss 
Kathleen McVean, of Dresden. Ontario , Canada, were married by Dr. Archibald 
Pleming at St. Columba's (Church of Scotland) London, .England. 

Returning from his visit to the States, Mr. Smith arrived in London, 
Saturday ,. October- 3 i after one of the calmest voyages on record. 

' S. J. ,V/ay will leave Yfedhesday for New 'York - to attend the National 
Business Show to secure information with .regaird to improved . equipment for 
tabulating and calculating.- • ■ . • 


The B. A. E- Hews. 

Vol- 13. No. 16 

H. C. Slade left Washington Sunday night for an extended Southern 
trip to purchase cotton to be ased, in the preparation of the practical forms 
of the Universal Cotton Standards ». 

The Division of Information, always on the alert for news, will soon 
have some first-hand data on the Florida situation. J. Clyde Marquis and 
Mrs. Marquis left Saturday night for a ten days motor trip, and at the 25O- 
miles-a-day speed forecast "by Mr* Marquis, they will get a passing glimpse 
of what is what. 

.' V. N. Valgren, formerly in charge of the Division of agricultural 
Finance and now connected with the automobile Insurance Company of Hartford, 
Conn., called on friends in the Bureau last Friday and Saturday. 

Congratulations are being extended to B. B. Smith upon the arrival 
of a son. 

D-. H. Smith, of the Minneapolis office of -the Warehouse Division, will 
travel in Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Utah to inspect licensed warehouses 
or warehouses to be licensed under the warehouse act* 

J* E. Barr left last week for Eichmond, Haleigh, Florence, S. C, 
Atlanta, Montgomery, Chattanooga, Greenville, Miss*, Little' Hock, Oklahoma 
City, Dallas and New Orleans to obtain information regarding the commercial 
production and supply of cowpeas and soybeans. He will also confer with 
State and commercial agencies regarding soybean inspection, and 'will inter- 
view \7holesale grocers regarding application of tentative United States 
standards for beans. 

James Sv Hath cock left Wednesday night for Kaleigh, and other points 
in Worth Carolina to interview managers and operators of cotton gins for the 
purpose of completing the study of cotton ginning costs and operating 
practices in North Carolina, particularly in Wake County and several adjoin- 
ing counties. 

George H. Powers, of the Division of Dairy and Poultry Products, is 
at his home in Springport, Indc for a three weeks vacation. While in Indiana, 
he will go to Lafayette to demonstrate the U. S. standards and grades for 
eggs to' poultry students and others at Purdue University. 

C. E. Eckles, of the Division of Dairy and Poultry Products, was in 
Philadelphia the latter part of last week conferring with butter inspectors 
on- that market and checking with' them the standards employed in the determina- 
tion of quality in butter* 

W* C. Davis was in Philadelphia and Harrisburg last week conferring 
with local representatives end members of the trade relative to the meat - 
grading service* 

H. V. DeMott has been authorized to go from Chicago to Detroit, Mich* 
and Jamestown, N. Y. to assist U. S* attorneys in taking depositions of woo?, 
dealers at those points. Mr. DeMott is a. member of the Washington staff of 
the Fruit and Vegetable Division, but was recently detailed to Chicago to 
take some records in connection with the peach survey being made by the 
Bur eau* 


October 27, 1925* Vol. 13. No. 17. 



Arrangements are being made for Bureau representation at the 
meetings- of Advisory Boards of the American Railway Association. Field 
men, located within the Advisory Board districts, who have any helpful 
suggestions to offer, are requested to communicate such suggestions 
direct to the men who will probably be present at the meetings. 
Representatives will probably be as follows: 

Northwest Board - Grand Forks, N.D. - October 27: 
Paul H. Kirk, St. Paul, Minnesota. 
H. 0. Herbrandson, Grand Forks, N.D. 

New England Board - Hartford, Conn. - October JO: 
W. F. Callander, Washington, D. C. 

Central Western Board - Alliance, Nebr. - December 1: 
W. F. Callander, Washington, D. C. 
F. W. Beier, Denver, Colorado. 
A. E. Anderson, Lincoln, Nebr. 

Southwest Board - Little Rock, Ark, - November 2k: 
' W.F.Callander and probably W. A. Sherman, of the Wash, office. 
Charles S. Bouton, Little Rock, Ark. 

Southeast Board - New Orleans, La. - December 11. 

L. L. Janes, New Orleans, La. Representatives from our other 
offices in New Orleans may also attend. - 

Ohio Valley Board - Cincinnati, Ohio - November 10: 
Hal F. Bryant, Louisville, Ky. 

Great Lakes Board - Cleveland, Ohio - November 12: 
V. H. Church, Lansing, Mich. 



The installation of the leased wire from Atlanta to Jacksonville 
on November 2 marks the opening of the market news service for Florida 
fruits and vegetables. Cooperative market reports will again be issued 
by the State Marketing Bureau, 20^ St. James Bldg., Jacksonville and by 
our temporary field stations. The first station to be opened will be 
the one at Orlando on citrus fruits. 


The B. A. E. News 

Vol, 13, No. 17 



Attention is celled to paragraph 57 of the Regulations of the United 
States Employees 1 Compensation Commission, wnich reads: 

"In all cases of injury where the emergency is sucn as to 
require it, any physician licensed to practice medicine and 
surgery under the State law may he called for first aid 
treatment, hut, further treatment, if required, must he 
ohtained from a United States medical officer or hospital, 
if practicable, otherwise from a 'designated' physician, 

if there is one." , . * ~t*.u 

The Commission has held that an official superior's duty doe ^noVend with 
emergency treatment. He should see that ultimate, treatment is secured in 
accordance with the above paragraph. Pim idvee's 

Failure to comply with these conditions will result m the employee s 
standing a personal loss because the Commission will not gran ; » 
ance to compensate the personal physician of an employee for services other 
than emergency treatment. , .: 



Fifty post graduate students from the University of Cologne Germany, 
met the » Monday morning, Octoher 19 and 

Department by Leo J. Schaben, of the Division of Statistical and Historical 
BesSrch The group, under the direction of Dr. Erwin Geldmacher, Dean of 
the Wtoert of Economics of the University of Cologne, has been ma)n.*e 

ex dtu o the United States, studying social and economic conditions 
Se s tudents were informal: y entertained Monday evening at Georgetown fivers ity 
where several motion picture films of the Department were ^™ ' 
of Bureau publications for which the group had evidenced spe ^f e ^ \Z 
distributed Mr. Schaben mentions that the students were astonished at the 
SnitSe of tne activities conducted by the Bureau, and appeared P^tic^arly 
Crested in our work relating to the marketing of cotton, dairy and poultry 
products and livestock and meats. 


Economic research projects under way or contemplated by New England 
agencies and ^sej^h needed' in connection with the New England Dairy 
SuSry were among the topics considered at the annual meeting of the 
It "Sand Research Council at the Parker. House Bostor J; October 14. 

. Pe-ons attended the^eeting g^^^ { 

SST KrSTk £m%*?&7 of the work of. the New York Food 
Marketing Research Council. Division of Maxke ts of the Massachusetts 

f o°n r tgr*w r E & Outlook for 1926. 

October 27, 1925. 

The B.A.E. News 




DecisioB to sponsor a luncheo by and for the women of the Bureau 
and in honor of the new Chief, similar to the one held last winter, was 
reached tentatively by the Women's Council cf the Bureau, at a meeting 
called "by Miss Emily E. Clark, chairman, and held in Mr. Tenny's office 
at U.*30 Monday afternoon. Division leaders are again being consulted in 
the matter in an effort to find a date that will not interfere with the 
work.- It is hoped that such a date can he found in November which will 
also find Mr. Cooper in town. The B. A. E. News will carry details later. 

Miss Edna Jordan, treasurer, and the heads of several committees 
gave reports. 

Election of officers was the chief business of the meeting. Miss 
Mary G. Lacy spoke for the continuance of all present officers for another 
year since it was felt that the work was only just well under way and the 
contacts established should not be shifted so soon. The suggestion was 
moved and carried unanimously. 



As several members of the Bureau hate expressed a wish for a class 
in public speaking to be led by -a professional trainer, it is requested 
that all persons (men and women) in the Bureau who would be interested in . 
joining such a class notify Miss Emily E. Clark, room 6l0, Bieber Building, 
promptly, as the rates would depend upon the number enrolled. 



Applications for the position of Assistant Scientific Aid (Cotton 
Classing) at $1,500 a year, will be received by the Civil Service Commission 
until November 28, 1925. For this position men are desired. Competitors 
will be rated on practical questions relating to the storing, preparation 
for classification and i dent if i cat ion of cotton samples and on education 
and experience. Under the direction of a responsible officer, the appointee 
will assume charge of the receipt and recording of samples of cotton submitted 
for classification at any branch office of .the Bureau and will have charge 
of the custody of these .samples and the maintenance of permanent records 
relative to their receipt and distribution. The announcement covering 
this examination is No. 233 (Assembled). 



The shortage of available messengers in the Bureau accounts for the 
occasional delays we are experiencing in getting messengers from the pool. 
There are about 7 vacancies in the Bureau and as Civil Service lists for 
messenger boys have been exhausted, it will be several weeks before our 
quota can be obtained. Until then, you are asked to be patient. 

k. The 3. A. S. News Vol. 13, No. 17 . 



The Chief and Mrs. Cooper and Mr. Olsen were the guests of honor 
at the dinner given by the scientific staff of ' the Division of Land Economics 
at the club house of the American Association of University Women last 
Thursday evening. Place cards contained appropriate verses for each person 
taken from well-known, poets and during the dinner Dr. Cray made known some 
hitherto unpublished facts concerning members of the division. After dinner, 
bridge and African golf were indulged in. The following questions asked 
and answered at the party " nd to broaden our acquaintance with Dr. Gray's 

How does DR» BAKER spend the time when he isn't studying land utilization? 

There aint any such animal. , 
Can MR. TE3L E furnish the economics, of profitable farming from his own 

experience on his Maryland thirty acres? 

No, but he is a noted land economist. 
Is MRS. SAUCERMAN loquacious? 

Yes. She uses three words before breakfast every day. 
Has MR. OLSEN ever stopped to play? 

Yes, once he wrote a report on loans for seed wheat and enjoyed 

the recreation. 
What does M ISS BRADSRAW ■ say, when she gets upset? 

Don't know. No one -has ever seen her ruffled. 
What is MR, WOOTON'S favorite saying? 

"No, I'm not getting personal, but what is the good of a chip 

if I can c t knock it off your shoulder?." '; . 
Will IR, WIECKIMj learn to make a quick bid on a bridge hand? 

Yes, if he lives long enough. 
Is MRS . GRAY an office widow? 

No indeed, she makes Dr. Gray stay home on Sundays. 
Will MR. JOHNSON ever restore the hair on the top of his head? 

It might be. : The subsoil seems rich and productive. 
Does MISS THOMPSON diet? .;. 

No. She is slim by nature. 
, -Is MR. gOLSQM a native. Virginian? . 

No, but since he is a. native of Massachusetts he isn't shamed by 

admitting that he wasn't. /born in Virginia. 
How. 'did MRS . . TEEIE learn-to drive the family car so well?' 

Walking to the office . is good exercise and she wants Mr. Teele to 

enjoy the good street car service. 
Is MR. TURNER always like this? 

No, he has only been married a month. 
Why was MR. WEITZ trained for an office position? 

Because even in his high-chair days he put his feet on the table 

and rested his head on the back of the chair. 
Where, did DR. GRAY get his staff? 

Some folks have greatness thrust upon them. 
Will MRS. TURNER keep house as well as Mr. Turner kept it? 

She'll let Howard do it. 
Can MI SS HENDERSON make her way alone in the world? 

Well, just ask the traffic cops. 

October 27, 1925 . 

The B.A.E. News 



"The Beanery" of the Hay, Feed and Seed Division, as the result of 
some fall house cleaning, has turned over to the Director of Purchase and 
Sales practically a ton of beans of various kinds. These beans are on 
sale in the basement of the Main Building and can be purchased at from k 
to 1C cents a pound, depending on the kind ard quality. There are 19 kinds 
of beans in the lot, 30 every one should be able to secure a supply of his 
favorite beans. 



This Bureau was well represented by the Minneapolis-St . Paul staff 
at the fall meeting and luncheon of the Twin Cities Federal Business 
Association, held, at the Nicollet Hotel, Minneapolis, October 21. 
Representative VJ alter Newton, of Minneapolis, the principal speaker, gave 
a very brief but interesting outline of probable legislation- to be taken 
up by Congress at the next session. Representative Newton also discussed 
tax reduction, and appropriations in connection with the general scheme 
of economy, saying that he believed appropriations had practically reached 
rock bottom, so far as reductions are concerned, if the Government hoped to 

continue to give service in 1 

':iany of 

its branches. 


Last Thursday ni 

gh t, . 

~arry P. 

I "xon, of Grain, broke the Dist 

>rict . 

bowling record, when he 


a high- 

set of U45. Bowling on the Economics 

team against the Interbureau 


in the Interbureau League, his 


were IU5, 123 and 177. 

Standing in the 


Economics Leagues to date is: 



5? on 







Center Market 10 


Fruits & Vegetables 


3 - 

Grain 9 





Office of Chief 7 





Cotton 7 

s • 

Farm Management 




Fruits &. Vegetables 6 


Crop Estimates 

3 -■ 


Farm Management 3 


Land Economics 



E. E. Barber, of Office of 





scored high game (lUO) and 

high set 



(list to be continued next week) 

African world and Cape Cairo express; with which are incorporated the 

"Anglo-African aigus !t and the "African review". [weekly] London. 

2SboS Af3 

"A record of African developments, political, mining, and commercial." 
There are also supplements devoted to a special section of Africa, such 
as North African Monthly Supplement, and the South African Monthly 
Supplement. These supplements contain also a produce market report. 


The B.A.B. News 

Vol. 13, No. 17. 

Anglo-Austrian tank limited. Monthly review of Central Europe. 

[mo nthly ] Lo ndo r . 

The object of this periodical is "to give a brief and accurate 
record of Central European events during the period covered, and 
further to supply useful and interesting information regarding general 
business conditions in these countries." - Editorial statement. 

Associazione fra le societa italiane per e.zioni. Business and financial 

report; a monthly survey of Italian trade and industry. Borne. 236.3 As72 

A four page "report" giving a brief "survey" of industrial and trade 
conditions in Italy, It regularly contains trade statistics, statements 
of certain commercial banks, treasury statements, and stock exchange 

Baltic-Scandinavian trade-review and mirror of world commerce. Copenhagen. 

This publication, which is published monthly in English, German, 
and Scandinavian respectively, presents "reports on trade conditions 
in the countries of Northern Europe and along the Baltic Sea as well 
as commercial reports from the ''.hole world., statistical information, 
special articles on topical questions, etc." - Editorial statement. 

Each issue carries 'a list of "Forthcoming fairs." 


15. A BRANCH OFFICE DIBECTORY, dated October 15, 1925, has recently been 
mimeographed and a limited supply is now available. A copy has been sent 
to each branch office. 

16. WESTERN FEW YORK APPLE DEAL, season 1924-25, is summarised by 

A. E. Prugh in a 57-page mimeographed report just issued. The f-ront page 
is illustrated with a map of eastern United States and by means of circles 
of a given radius shows the nearness of Western New York to thickly populated 
consuming centers and the general sphere of distribution of its fruits and 

Valley of California during the season of 192*4 are outlined by H. H. Willis 

in a preliminary mimeographed rieport. The tests were conducted in cooperation 
with Clemson Agricultural College at the college under the direct super- 
vision of Mr. Willis, assisted by H. B. Richardson, C. E. Folk, E. S. Cummings 
and Miss Etta Zeh, all of this. Bureau. 

12. RURAL LIFE, the book by Dr. Galpin, is the basis for the first of a 
series of country life study outlines, prepared by the Pilgrim Press and 
designed to build up an organized, systematic discussion of the more important 
problems of country life by young people's, men's or women's discussion 

October 27, 1925 . 

The B. A. E. Hews 


19. MUCH DATA accumulated by Dr. D. A. Coleman, H. C Fellows and 
J. H. Shollenberger of our Chemical Research Laboratory, has been used 
by Dr, C- H. Bailey in his book "Chemistry of "Wheat Flour" now off the 
press . 

20. AMENDMENT 1 TO S.R.A- NO . 95 (Regulations under the Cotton Standards 
Act) is now available in printed form. 

of Fruits and Vegetables was given a generous amount of space' in The Evening 
Star, of Washington, last week. 

22- PEANUTS - $30,000,000 WORTH, the Department motion picture, was shown 
a number of Fruit and Vegetable Division members at a special exhibition 
last Wednesday. This reel shows the cultivation of the crop in Virginia 
and the Carolinas, from the preparation of the soil, through harvesting 
and picking,, to delivery at the shelling factory. 

the Bureau. He met Mr. Cooper and visited the Cotton Division, as did 
M. Pierre du Pasquier of Havre. 


Dr. C. J. Galpin addressed the National Council of the Congregational 
Churches, at Washington, October 19 on "The Importance of the Farmer to the 
American Church". 

Secretary Jardine and Dr. Galpin were among the few distinguished 
guests invited to the luncheon given at the Mayflower last Sunday by the 
Congregational Publishing Society and the Department of Rural Work, 
Congregational Home Missionary Society, to consider whether or not these 
societies should prepare a new style of lessons and literature for rural 
Sunday schools more nearly adapted to the psychology of rural people. The 
Secretary discussed the question as to whether cheaper supplies should be 
gotten out for the coxmtry Sunday school papers, while Dr. Galpin spoke 
on how the material should be prepared and by whom and gave his opinion 
of how far agricultural men and institutions are prepared to go to help in 
this matter. 

Dr. Galpin will be one of the speakers at the luncheon of the 
Catholic Rural Life Conference of the Archdiocese of Baltimore, Md., to 
be given at the Hotel Rennert, Baltimore, October 23. 

A. W. Palmer left Sunday night for Clemson College, New Orleans, and 
Houston to interview officials in charge of the branch cotton offices there 
regarding the conduct of the work in their respective offices. Mr. Palmer 
will then proceed to the Southwest to study cotton marketing conditions 
in New Mexico, Arizona and California, and to discuss with growers and 
shippers of cotton in that territory the tentative standards for extra 
white cotton. 

William Broxton is in Chicago this week calling on packers and 
representatives of the cold storage warehouses to discuss questions in 
connection with the cold storage and slaughter house reports. 


The B.A.E. Hews 

Vol. 13, No. 

Dr. E. L» Kirkpatrick is, attending the eighth national conference of 
the American Country Life Association "being held at Richmond, October 27-31 4 
The theme of this conference is "Needed Readjustments in Rural , Life Today 1 ' . 

Bernard 0. Weitz, Division of Land Economics, will attend the annual 
meeting of the American Society of Agronomy to "be held at Chicago, November 
l6, and deliver an ..address on --'An Analysis of Crop Yield Statistics with 
Reference to Soil Deterioration" . .. 

Announcement has been received of the marriage of . Ai 3 en George Waller 
to Miss Ingrid Nelson on October 17 at : New Brunswick, N.. J. Mr. Waller is 
cooperatively employed by the Division of Earnr Management and. Costs and 
the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station and is engaged in production 
surveys. His headquarters are at New Brunswick. 

A. M. Agelasto will leave Wednesday 'night for. Norfolk, Raleigh,; 
Charleston, Savannah, Montg. uery, New Orleans, Memphis, Little Rock and . 
Houston to investigate prices and- quotation's established' for spot, cotton by 
the spot cotton exchanges. 

Louis H. Bean, Agricultural Economist, and B. Ralph Gould, Assistant 
in Transportation, are in Chicago attending the hearings of the Interstate : 
Commerce Commission in regard to the general rate investigation. They will 
furnish data requested from .this Department by farmers, farm organization 
and others interested in agricultural transportation problems. 

Mrs. Eannie Lamborn, of the. Division of Land Economics, has been 
absent f mm the office for ten days. because- of the sudden death of her 
father and the severe illness of her mother. The sympathy of all of 
her friends is extended to hers, 

W..R. Meadows/ formerly, in charge of our Cotton Division, and now 
Cotton Registrar for the Chicago Board of Trade, addressed the Chicago 
USDA Club at its October luncheon, October 21. Mr. Meadows, spoke on 
"Euture Trading in Cotton on the Chicago Board of Trade". 

A Grain romance is reported from Omaha. Miss Marie R. Beatty, of 
Federal Grain Supervision, and George. Roes sig, licensed inspector employed . 
by the Omaha inspection department, werfe' married on October' lS. 

Robert W. Davis, of the Fruit and Vegetable Division, returned to 
Washington Friday after a two-months"absence investigating primarily the 
standardisation of crates for • cabbage, /cauliflower, lettuce and cantaloupes. 

E. W» Hawthorne, of, .Farm Management and Costs, will go to Delaware 
Wednesday to assist Agricultural college officials in a farm management tour 
of the Middletown community of Delaware. ■ 

E, C. Parker, Hay, Feed and Seed Division, leaves today for Ithaca 
to deliver an address at Cornell University on hay marketing* Cornell 
University is paying the expenses of the trip. Mr. Parker will also go 
to Auburn a N n Y» to supervise the Federal hay inspection service there. 



November 3 , 19^5 


Credit needs of Iowa farmers and the greatest possible use of exist- 
ing Federal warehousing and credit facilities in providing for these needs 
are to be studied by Nils A. Olsen, Assistant Chief of this Bureau, and 
A* C. Williams, member of the Federal Farm Loan Board, who left Saturday 
for Iowa, They will spend this week conferring with State officials, 
farmer representatives and bankers in the State. Mr, Oisen will return to 
Washington the first of next week. 

2. PLo- N TO FaTFFT mm Oil CQQP Erir.TION 

The Secretary was in conference last Thursday and Friday with a 
representative grouo of national leaders of cooperative marketing associa- ' 
tions to determine their wishes us to how this Department might more 
effectively serve the cooperative movement in its many aspects. Representa- 
tives cf this Bureau sat in tht conference. 

The conference heartily approved the idea cf extending the work of 
the Department, and among other things proposed that the work should be 
strengthened by the establishment of a Division of Cooperative marketing. 
It is stated that this plan meet- the unqualified approval of the Secretary. 
It is pointed out, however, that this plan is in its formative stage and 
will be discussed with other cooperative leaders during the next few weeks, 

3 • Dairy 3Lahch offi ce 


The Division of Dairy and Poultry Products has moved its branch 
office from Fond du Lac to Plymouth, Wis. Many wholesalers have their 
headquarters or branches at Plymouth, and it is believed that closer con- 
tacts can be maintained with the wholesale cheese trade in "Wisconsin by 
having our office at Plymouth. H. W. Leffler, officer in charge, and 
C. a. Rye, the telegrapher, are already established in their new quarters 
in the Timm Block Building. 

This office will issue daily cheese market reports quoting wholesale 
prices at Wisconsin primary markets, and at Chicago, New York, Boston, 
and Philadelphia. The reports will also contain information on supply and 
demand . 


The B. A. E. News. 

Vol- 13, No. IS 



A daily market news service supplied through the cooperation of The 
Nebraska Farmer, the Tijestinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, and 
this 'Bureau was formally inaugurated from station KEKX at Hastings, Nebr, 
on October 23. The program, which is broadcast from the studio of the 
Hastings Chamber of Commerce, was actually set in operation on October 12 
by J. C. Gilbert of the Division of Information* 

To provide the Government market reports for broadcasting it was 
necessary to reroute our leased wire between Kansas City and Denver by way 
of Hastings. The program consists of five daily periods beginning at $h3° 
a. m, and covers reports on livestock, fruits and vegetables, hay and feed, 
grain and dairy products. The nrogram closes at 7 : ^Op. m« with a summary 
of the day's market in all commodities, at which time various weekly reviews 
and special articles are broadcast. That the service is going to be suc- 
cessful is evidenced by the large number of letters, telegrams and telephone 
calls received from listeners-in in various parts of the territory covered 
by the station. 

At the dedication exercises, telegrams of congratulation from 
Secretary Jardine and from Governor McMullan of Nebraska were read* 



In far-away Hawaii, much interest is being shown in our egg standard- 
ization work, as indicated from a letter from the Director of the Extension 
Service, D* L. Crawford. Mr* Crawford requests charts and other display 
material stating "We are endeavoring to have the United States grades 
.adopted in the local trade in these islands and wish to have available 
material for pushing this work". 



In a letter to the Division of Information' requesting copies of various 
printed and mimeographed publications, a member of the faculty of the Univer- 
sity of California writes as follows; 

"May I say that I feel that one of the most important things which 
the Bureau is now doing is the excellent work in bibliographical compila- 
tions. It seems to me that a central organization such as yours with its 
broad interest, is in the best position to do this type of work. -Certainly 
these general bibliographies are of immense value to research workers who 
find it .difficult to survey their particular field very comprehensively 
unless such bibliographies are available. I have been very interested in 
bibliographic sources of agricultural statistics and as a result of my 
efforts to compile sources of agricultural statistics for California* I 
appreciate the significance of the work which your able librarians and 
scientific staff have done along bibliographic lines." 

November 3, 1925 

The B, a* E. News 




The first public meeting of tht New York Food Marketing Research 
Council was held at New York City, October 21 to consider the topic "Informa- 
tion needed to aid' in the control of perishable distribution". About 90 
persons attended and many of them took part in the discussion which followed 
a well-arranged program presenting different views on the subject. The 
attendance included representatives from the trade, railroads, Atlantic 
Shippers Advisory Board, produce trade publications, educational institu- 
tions and the interested public. 

W. P. Hedden , Chairman of the Council, explained the nature of the 
studies being carried on by members of the Council, and stated that the 
aim of the organization is: First, to insure a continuous attack on the 
problem of marketing in the New York area; Second, to prevent, so far as 
possible, duplication of effort in the gathering of records end carrying 
out of projects; Thiro., to keep the public, the trade, the carriers, and 
other interested parties currently- informed of the results end progress of 
the studies by prompt circulation of reports and bulletins and by discussion 
programs to be arranged quarterly . 

H. D. Comer, a cooperative employee of the New York Port of Authority 
and this Lureau, gave a detailed and interesting exposition of his study of 
the watermelon supply, price and demand in New York City. 

8. ^THaT TO £0 

mm injure d. . . • 

Civil employees of the United States who sustain an injury "while in 
the performance of duty" are entitled to the benefits of the Federal compen- 
sation act of September 7, 1916. Officers in charge should at once acquaint 
employees with the previsions of iiiis law enacted for their benefit. If 
an injury 'is not reported within GO days or no claim for compensation is 
made within one year from -date • 0 f injury, the employee, by the terms of the 
act, loses all the benefits of the law. 

A small four -page leaflet -briefly describing the benefits of the law 
and telling '..hat to do when injured is being cent to field offices with this 
issue of The 3. A. E« Nev.s, Each officer in charge of a branch office will 
please see J "hat every employee in his office has an cpnertunity to read 
this leaflet. Washington employees who are not familiar with their rights 
under the compensation law, should obtain a copy of the leaflet from Miss 
C. M. Ellerbroek, room 7 00. 

9. efficiency ratings 


The efficiency of all employees in the classified departmental service 
will be rated annually as of May 15 each year instead of semi-annually as 
heretofore, according to a- recent announcement from the Personnel Classifica- 
tion Soard. This will eliminate the November 15 rating. This ruling also 
applies to the field service. 

The 3. A. E« Hews 

Vol. 13, ffoi 12* 



Chief Coordinator H. C. Smi'ther has asked oar cooperation in lending 
trucks to the Post Office Department for handling mail during the Christmas 
mailing season. If tracks at field stations can he spared daring this 
period without 'detriment to. our work, the Coordinator for the area in which 
the truck is located should he notified, and a report he sent to C. W. 
Kitchen of the action takea* • 

The Post Office Department yd 11 furnish the gasoline, oil and grease 
necessary in the operation of vehicles borrowed 1 , keep them in repair during 
the period of their use, and will return them to the point from which ob- 
tained in the' same condition in which they were turned over to the Post . 
Office, Drivers may be required for borrowed trucks in some cases, and. the 
cooperation of offices lending trucks is also desired, in this connection, 

. The following is a list of Area Coordinators: 

I Area - Comdr. Stephen C. Rowan, USN, Quartermaster 

Intermediate Depot, Army Ease, Boston 9, Mass* 

II Area- Capt. William S. Miller, -USB, 72S Customhouse, 
New York City, Telephone - Broad 

III Area - Capt. McGill R. Go lisborough, USN, Customhouse, 
Philadelphia, Pa. Telephone - Lombard 7220. 

IV Area - Lt. Col. Dennis p. Quinlan, USA , 32S Post 
Office Bl&g. , New Orleans, La. 

V.VI & VII Areas - Comdr. Arthur 3. Cook, USK, £29 Federal Bldg., 

Chicago, III. Telephone - Harrison ^00 , local 20. 

VIII Area - Lt. Coin Col. William A. Austin, USA, c/o 

Hdqrs, VIII Corps Area, Pt. Sam Houston, Texas. 

IX- Area - Capt* Lloyd S. Shapley, USK, ^33 Customhouse, 
San Bran cisco, Calif-. 


The following manuscripts were submitted to the Division of Publica- 
tions during October: 

Piske, G. B.J Marketing Barreled Apples* Por Department Bulletin. 

Fiske, G» B. and Pail thorp, P*R.-. Marketing Western Boxed Apples. 
Por Department Bulletin* 

Gatlin, G.O.: Cooperative Marketing of Cotton. Por Department 

November 3. 1925 

II. e 3. ik., 3. /Tews. 


Hauck, C.7.: Marketing Lettace. For jJepar taent Bulletin. 

Jackson, D* and Becker, J.^.: Revised Estimates of Crop 

Estimates in New York, 1862-1919- For Department Bulletin. 

Scarborough, W.H, and Genders, J.T.: tenancy and Ovner ship 
i-uaong Negro Farmers in So uthamp ton County, Virginia. ±or 
D epar tmen t Bulletin . 

The following articles have "been approved for publication in the 
periodicals named: 

Ezekiel, M.: Factors Determining, the Price of Lamb. For 
quarterly Journal of Economics. 

Samson, H.7.: Legi slating the Farmer. lor Country Gentleman. 

Sherman, Caroline B . : Consumer Prefer erces and Demands. 
For .American Barkers association Journal. 

Smith, Edr/in: Eeeding the European Larket with Virginia 
apples. For 7/irchester Star. 

Spilman, E.A.: Factors ^ffectin & Standardization^ of Fruit and 
Vegetable Crater and Boxes. For Barrel and Box. 



Brazilian business; published monthly by the American chamber of commerce 
for Brazil. Eio de Janeiro. 236.3 B732 

Contains editorials', signed and unsigned articles dealing with all 
trade topics of mutual interest to Brazil and the United States. One 
section is devoted to Brazilian news items. 

Danish foreign office .journal - Danish commercial review; published for the 
Danish foreign oifice by the Danish publishing office, Copenhagen. 
2S'c.S B22 

^ monthly revie./ of Danish trade, industry, agriculture, finance and 
banking, shipping, and related subjects. 

The subject index for volume is quite useful. 

Economic intelligence; collected by the Ministry for foreign affairs on 

behalf of the diplomatic and consular officers. She Hague. 230.3 N36 
h. monthly publication which usually contains one signed article and 
a section, Economic News, which covers such topics as labour and cattle 
breeding, commerce, industry, traffic and communication , finance, and 
colonial economic data. 

Finnish trade; bulletin for Finnish trade, industry, agriculture and finances. 
Published by the Finnish Central chamber of commerce, the Export associa- 


The 3. .a. E. Hews. 

Vol- 13. No. IS 

tion of .Finland, the Central association of Finnish woody© rking industries 
the Central union of agricultural "producers, [and] the Fetation of 
"Finnish industries. Helsingfors* Monthly, illus* 286.8 FH-54 ^ 

"The main object of the journal. to supply regular information 
about the commercial life of Finland and the conditions prevailing there, 
to its 'readers in foreign countries who are interested in the industry, 
trade, and finance of the country. 

Holland's import & export trader; monthly supplement of "In- en Uitvoer" , a 
weekly of commerce and economics. Published by U. V. Uitgevers ^13., 
Amsterdam; Critchfield comp . 9 ITew York, etc, American agent. 256.8 H712 

Illustrated. Deals with the import and export trade of, and the 
economic situation in, Holland. Bach issue contains reports on the rates 
of exchange and the conditions of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange and the 
Dutch money-market during the previous month. 

Swedish-American trade journal; published by the Swedish Chamber of commerce of 
the United States of America. Hew York, 236.8 Sw3 

An illustrated monthly journal containing signed and unsigned articles 
and news items' relating to the trade of Sweden with, the United States. 

Each number carries a list of "trade opportunities 1 '' which have "arisen 
through the activities of the Swedish Chamber of Commerce of the U.S.A." 


13. COOPERATIVE MARKETING OF MI IK AED CRFaM, 1?24, is the title of a statisti- 
cal study by R. E. Ellsworth and Grace Wan stall, of the Division of Agricul- 
tural Cooperation, and now available in mimeographed form. The study is based 
on the reports of 128 farmers' business organisations engaged in the marketing 
of fluid :ixU. Ik and cream. It is acknowledged that. the. statistics are far from 
complete- but they are better than any figures yet published for the country 
as a whole and they can be made to serve as a substantial basis on which to 
erect a statistical structure which will be helpful in understanding what has 
already happened and what is likely to take place in future years. Copies of 
the report may be had from the Division of Agricultural Cooperation or from 
Miss Thomas. 

guished visitors during the week. .Eerr Anton Erkelens, Leader of the Demo- 
cratic Party in the Reichstag, who is making a tour of this country, studying 
parti cularly agricultural, economic and social conditions conferred with Dr. 
Stine and Mr. Shoup regarding possible competition between agricultural sur- 
pluses of this country and German agricultural products. Prof. Leon Margolin, 
Agricultural Economist at the Agricultural Academy at Moscow, who called, was 
interested in farm management and cost ox production studies. 

15. CLEANING GRAIN WITH A BATES ASPIRATOR is described by E. I. Bates, C. P. 
Rodnar and R. L. Baldwin, of the Grain Division, in a preliminary mimeographed 
report recently issued. This report includes a discussion of the dockage 
problem and points out the advantages and limitations of an aspirator as well 
as describing the installations which have been made by the Government in its 
experimental work. 

November 3 , 1925 

The E. A. E- News. 


16. RECENT FIELD STATION SUHluPIES include: Mafre Potato Deal, season 192*4-25, 
"by H. E. Rutland; ,/estcrn New York Potato Doal, season 1^24-25, , by L, E. Prugn; 
Idaho late Potato Deal, season 192^-25, by G« D. Clark; haw Valley and Orrick 
Potato Review, 1925, by George a. DeHaven; Alabama Cucumber Deal, season 1925, 
by W. H. Hosier; and Southern California Tomato Deal, .192?, by. Homer A. Harris. 

17. STRAWBERRIES are reported upon in a special summary covering the 1925 
season issued frbm'the Philadelphia office by E. R • Biddle and E. Cox. 


Mr. Cooper left Monday night for Lexington, Ky. to be gone the remainder 
'Of the week. Mr. Kitchen is Acting Chief during Mr. Cooper's absence, 

M. L. Wilson, in charge of the Division of Farm Managements and Costs, 
left Monday for Pullman, Wash, to take part in the Western States. Ex ten si on 
Conference and Conference of Earm Management Demonstrators to he held November 
6-12. Returning to i/ashington , D. C. , Mr'* V/ilson will make stops in South 
Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa and Illinois, to confer with officials of the agricul- 
tural colleges and experiment stations in regard tc cooperative farm manage- 
ment projects. 

E. M. Dixon left Washington Saturday for a month's trip which will 
take him to Washington, Oregon, California, Colorado and Ohio , in the interest 
of farm management extension work. Mr. Dixor will participate in the Earn 
Management Extension Conference of Western States to be held at Pullman, Wash., 
November 6-7, outlining the objectives to be reached in the conference. He 
will also attend the Western States Extension Conference at Pullman, November 
S-12, and speak cn "The Contribution of the Earm to Family Life". 

J. Clyde Marquis, retained Monday very enthusiastic about his tour of 
Florida. He' toured the east coast as far south as Miami and then crossed the 
State to Tampa on the Gulf, passing through the early potato, truck and citrus 
sections en route. The development of winter resort propositions is proceeding 
on the coast on an enormous scale, he says, "Nearly every city and town is 
promoting a development of town lots. Many are already attractive and promis- 
ing, bat others are in such remote locations that it seens doubtful if homes 
will ever be built there. Tourists and others are arriving in constant stream. 
Eood nrices are still reasonable, but rooms are scarce and newcomers must live 
in tents. The arrivals are in such numbers that Florida leaders feel sure that 
the activity will continue for some time to come. Citrus groves are being 
cut up into building lets at such a rate that the commercial area must be con- 
siderably reduced. Florida is selling climate rather than land for agriculture, 
and hopes to make the State the winter playground for several millions of 
people from the Northern States." 

George 0. Gatlir. , of the Division of Agricultural Cooperation, left 
Sunday for Madison, Wis. and Dayton, Ohio to obtain information regarding 
the organization history and operating methods of the Northern Wisconsin 
Cooperative Tobaeco Pool and the Miami Valley Tobacco Growers' Association, 
He will also stop at Chicago to confer with marketing officials there. 


» The B. A. E* Hews. Vol. 13, No. IS. 

• J. B. Snepara, of the Division of Crop Estimates, has gone to Norfolk; 
to inspect -track crops and to interview truck crop specialists in connec- 
tion with the condition' of these crops. Later in the week he will ^o to 
.Wilmington, N. C. to give one or two' lectures at the Truckers' School 

• relative, to truck crop reporting., ' 

„ / L * James, Division of Dairy and Poultry products, left Washington 
bunaay for' Chicago to meet J » R. Redditt of the North Dakota agricultural 
College to discuss the feasibility of a study of marketing poultry products 
m Worth Dakota. Mr. James" itinerary also includes Eremont, Nebr., Ames 
and Des Moines, Iowa, where .he will confer with directors of extension, county 
.agents and officials of cooperative marketing associations relative to 
problems of organization and management, and results being obtained in market- 
ing dairy and poultry products. 

C-. S. Klemmedson, Associate Agricultural Economist, ' who is on his way 
from Wasmngton to his official station at Port Collins, Colo., is stopping - 
at points in Illinois and Nebraska, conferring with officials of the University 
of Illinois and the University o f Nebraska . regarding cooperative studies of 
the methods and practices in livestock production. 

Kelsey 3- Gardner, Associate Economic Analyst, will attend the meeting 
of the Methods, of Distribution Committee of the National Distribution 
Conference to be held at New York City, November 9, under the auspices of 
the Chamber of Commerce of the United States- 


Dr. 0. S. Baker attended a meeting of the American Statistical Associa- 
tion last Friday evening in New. York City, where he discussed three oapers on 
the Probable Population Growth of New York City. 

.The announcement of the engagement of Dr. 0. E. Baker to Miss Alice 
Crew, daughter of Prof . Crew of Northwestern University, was made to members 
of the Division of Land Economics at a -luncheon give by the Division in its 
offices today. It is understood that the wedding will take place about the 
first of January, 

Mrs.. Helen Kern, Senior Clerk in the New York office of the Division of 
.Livestock, Meats and Wool, who resigned effective October 30, was presented 
with a bouquet of roses and a handsome china tea - set by her co-workers with 
whom she was very popular. "It's almost like getting married again" Mrs, Kern: 
said when the numerous expressions of good will and best wishes came pouring ii 
last Friday from friends and acquaintances' in the trade. 

Miss Gcldschlager made the presentation speech during the course of which 

she read a poem entitled "Au Revoir" and dedicated to Mrs. Kern. One verse 

asked; ,-n r-.-, -, • 1 

who'll boss the crowd that lingers here, 

And tell them all just what to do? . 

They'll miss your gentle ways, I fear - 

Your hearty laugh and sunshine too. 

Mrs. Torey L, Wright ,? of the Cold Storage Report. Section , returned 

Monday after spending a vacation at her home. 

Miss Louise Ray land has resigned from the Division of Dairy and Poultry 
Products to take a secretarial course at Columbia University* 


13, No. 19. 



A new record for speed in Farm Management work was established in 
the preparation of the report on the agriculture of the Big Bend Country, 
of which Byron Hunter, of the Division of Farm Management and Costs, is 
senior author. Mr. Hunter and his associates began work on May 20 and the 
report appeared in print as Bulletin No. 192 of the Washington Experiment 
Station, on September 15. The work involved an analysis of the result of 
all the experimental work in crop production that is applicable to the 
area, a study of all the av ilable weather records, as well as visits to 
the successful farmers in fcach of the five dry- farming counties in the area 
and a study of the ways by which they have been able to make farming pay 
under the adverse climatic conditions in the area and with the low prices 
that have prevailed. 

Dean Johnson of the Experiment Station commended the report very 
highly in a communication to the Bureau. The Washington Extension Service 
and the Agricultural Bureau of the Spokane Chamber of Commerce have been 
using the report as the basis for the series of better-farming meetings in 
the area, in which Dr. Spillman assisted. The Spokane Chamber of Commerce 
has had an edition of 5000 copies printed for the use of its Agricultural 

Mr, Wanser, -superintendent of one of the branches of the experiment 
station located in the area, wrote: "In my estimation it is one of the most 
truthful and fairest pieces of printed matter concerning the central part 
of our State" . 



The Relation of the Land-Grant Institutions to the Fundamentals of 
a Forward-looking National Policy for the Development of Agriculture, the 
Industries and Home Making, is to be the general topic of discussion at the 
thirty-ninth annual convention of the Association of Land-Grant Colleges, 
at the Congress Hotel, Chicago, November 17-19. This Bureau will be 
represented by the Chief, Dr. L. C. Gray, and M. L. Wilson. Mr. Cooper 
will take part in the morning session of November 17 by delivering an 
address on 11 Organization for and Relationships in Cooperative Research". 
On Wednesday afternoon, November 18, Dr. Gray will discuss "Results of 
Research in Land Economics .hat Poin" the Way to a National Land Policy." 


"Not what we gain, but what we give, 
Measures the worth of the life we live." 


The B. A. E. News. 

Vol. 13, No. 19. 



Mr. Cooper, Mr. Swarthout, Mr. To 1 ley, and Mr. V. C. Davis are on 
the program of the National Association of Marketing Officials for its 
annual meeting at the Congress Hotel, Chicago, November 30-Dec ember 2. 
Mr. Cooper will speak at the joint "banquet to be held the evening of 
November 30 with the National Association of Commissioners, Secretaries 
and Departments of Agriculture. Mr. Swarthout' s topic will be "Management 
Problems of Cooperatives 1 ''. At the session devoted to adjustment of agri- 
cultural product-ion to market requirements, Mr. Tolley will discuss "Adjust- 
ments" . Mr. Davis will speak on "Standardization of Grades in Relation to 
Marketing Livestock". Other members of the Bi^reau who may attend the., 
sessions will, no doubt take part in the discussions. Cooperation, Poiiltry 
and Livestock Standardization, Transportation Problems, Land Values, 
Adjustment of Production to Market Requirements, Advertising and Legisla- 
tion are among the subjects to be considered. 



A school for trainir; Federal hay inspectors will be held at the 
Hay Standardization. Labor a ,ry, 359 i nnsylvania. Ave.', N* W. » beginning 
Monday, November 30, and lasting until December 24. This school is 
primarily for. officers of the Veterinary Corps attending the Army Medical 
School, but representatives of several colleges who are interested in hay 
grading have already announced their .intention of attending. Any others 
who desire to attend the course may make arrangements to do so by com- 
municating with the Hay, Feed and Seed Division. 



District No. 14, of the American Railway Association which covers the 
States of Washington and Oregon is now in. charge cf H. J. Arnett, at Seattle, 
according to recent advices from the Manager of the Public Relations Section 
of the Association. The list given in the October 20 issue of The B. A. E. 
News should be corrected accordingly. 


Requests for employes passes for the calendar year 1926 should be 
-sent to the Office of C. F. Duvall before December 1. Passes now in use 
should not be returned until the date of expiration. 

In requesting passes, Head Clerks should give the initials of 
first and middle name and indicate whether "Miss" or "Mrs." in the case of 

November 10, 1925. 

The B. A. E. News. 



Mark November twBnty-five on your calendar for that is the date 
selected for the luncheon at which all women of the Eureau will have an 
opportunity to meet the new Chief, In addition to Mr* and Mrs. Cooper, 
the guests of honor will include Vs. and Mrs* Teimy, Mr. Olsen, Mr. and 
Mrs. Marquis, and Mr. and Mrs. Kitchen, representing the administrative 
staff. • 

The City Club will stage the luncheon promptly at 12; 30. There 
will be music throughout the luncheon, Mr. Cooper will speak and after- 
ward everyone present will have an opportunity to meet personally Mr. and 
Mrs. Cooper and the other guests. 

This is an invitation to every woman in the Bureau to come. Tickets 
at $1.15 will be on pale shortly by the representative of the Women's 
Council in each Division. 

Members of the Council are: 

Emily E* Clark, Chairman, 

Grace E. Leonard, Secretary, 

Edna M« Jordan., Treasurer, 

Annie M. Alves, Audits and Accounts, 

Nettie P, Bradshaw, Land Ec aomics, 

Virginia L. Bell, Hay, Eee< and Seed, 

Mamie Crounse, Machine Tabulating and Computing, 

Margaret W. Daniel, Grain, 

Anna Dewees, Statistical and Historical Research, 
Anna M. Elder, Earm Management and Costs, 
Chastina Gardner, Agricultural Cooperation, 
Annie M. Kirby, Crop Estimates, 

Veda B. L. Turner, Earm Population and Rural Life, 

Mae C. Mcwilliams, Mails and Eiles, 

Margaret T. Olcott, Library, 

Caroline B. Sherman, Infcrma.tion, 

Harriet E. Smith, Warehouse, 

Miriam C. Vance , Reviewing and Stenographic, 

Lucy Watt, Erui ts and Vegetables, 

Mrs. C. L. Carson, Cotton, 

Mrs. Florence C. Pitch, Market Statistics, 

Mrs. G. K. Gregory, Dairy and Poultry products, 

Mrs, Torey L. Wright, Cold Storage, 

The following members act as an executive courrittee: 

Misses Clark, Leonard, Sherman, Er ad shew, Dewees, Joyce, 
Lacy and Jordan, 

Only the foolish and ignorant believe that excellence 
in things worth while can be obtained without diffi- 
culty and without effort. 


The B. A. Es News 

Vol. 13, No. 19. 



The annual roll call of the American Red Cross will start November 
11, and on Thursday and Friday of this week a booth will be placed in the 
entrance hall of the Bieber Building for the convenience of those who ^7ish 
to renew their membership to enable the organization to continue its humani- 
tarian work. Mrs, Cooper will be in charge of the booth, assisted by Mrs. 
Tenny and the women of our Bureau Council. Subscriptions will be taken 
from 11 to 2 and from 4 to 5 o'clock on these two days. Booths will also 
be placed in other buildings of the Department which house parts of our 
organization, and will be in charge of persons designated by Mr, Reese, 
Chief Clerk of the Department. 



The welfare Association of the Department is now taking orders for 
candy, post Cards, books and fruit cakes, and in cooperation with Post 
824 of the Veterans of Foreign wars will sell nuts, figs, dates, raisins, 
and milk chocolate for Thanksgiving or Christmas delivery. 

Prices on all of these articles may be obtained from G. W-« Morrison, 
room 400, Bieber Building, and orders may be placed with him. If goods are 
desired by Thanksgiving Day, orders must be in by November 16. All Christmas 
orders must be received by December 15, 



The Civil Service Commission has announced the postponement from 
October 27 to December 1, of the close of receipts of applications for the 
open competitive examinations for warehouse Examiner and Assistant 'Ware- 
house Examiner. The educational and experience prerequisites for eligi- 
bility for these positions, prescribed in original announcement No. 254, 
are also amended. Copies of the amendment as well as the original announce- 
ment may be had from the Civil Service Commission or from our Personnel 


Among the accessions to the Bureau Library for the week ending 
November 6 are: 

Association of land-' rant colleges. Committee on projects and correla- 
tion of research. [Outline of subjects for cooperative experimental 
work between the State agricultural experiment stations and the 
U. S, Dept. of agriculture] Washington, 1925. 

Boyle, J. E. The marketing of agricultural products... New York, 
McGraw-Hill book company, inc. , 1925. 

November 10, 1925 

The B. A. E.. News 


Carver, Thomas Nixon. The present economic revolution in the United 
States... Boston, Little, Erown, and company, 1925. 

Chaddock, B. E. Principles and methods of statistics... Boston, New 
York [etc.] Houghton Mifflin company [1925] 

Constantinesco , M. L 1 evolution de la propriete rurale et la re- 

fome agraire en "oumanie, Eucuresti, Cvltvra nationala, 1925. 

Co-operation in the United States ... Toledo, Ohio, The Grain dealers 
national association, 1925. 

Forrester, B. B. Eeport upon large scale co-operative marketing 

in the United States of America... London, H. M. Stationery off., 
1925. ([Gt. Brit.] Ministry of agriculture and fisheries. Economic 
series no. 4) 

Horner, J. T. Agricultural marketing. New York, John Wiley & sons, 
inc.; London, Chapman & Hall, limited, 1925. 

Todd, John Alton. The science of prices. A handbook of economics. 
Production, consumption and value... London, New York [etc] 
Oxford university press, 1925. 

BUBSaU beevities 


is the title of a bulletin prepared by F. W, Gist, our Agricultural Statis- 
tician, and published by the Extension Service of the Alabama Polytechnic 
Institute as Circular 89. The Circular is a review and analysis of certain 
facts relating to methods and results of farming in Alabama, with compari- 
sons for competing States, as indicating the changes in farm practices 
necessary to make production profitable and efficient. In a foreword, 
Director of Extension Duncan commends the publication to the special atten- 
tion of agricultural workers and students. 

and eggs as modified to agree with the last agricultural appropriation act 
are found in Service and Regulatory Announcements No. 96 of this Bureau, just 
received from the press. 

14. THE MIMEOGRAPHED REPORT on the study of the Costs and Methods of Range 
Cattle Production on Forty Ranches in North Central Texas, 1923, by G. S. 
lilemnedson, of this Bureau, and V. V. Parr of the Bureau of Animal Industry, 
is copied in full > in the September issue of THE CATTLEMAN. 

15. STANDARD CRATES FOR 2-DOZEN HEADS OF LETTUCE are discussed in a two- 
page mimeographed circular recently released by Mr. Spilman's section. The 
circular explains that New York lettuce growers have agreed upon such a 
standard crate, and that other eastern lettuce sections may adopt such a 
standard in the near future. Outstanding results of B» Vii. Davis' investiga- 
tional trip to eastern lettuce districts are mentioned. 


The B. A. E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 19. 

of Agricultural Economics has "been revised "by Miss C. 3. Sherman to include 
recent additions' to our standards-. -Mimeographed • copies' of * the list: are now 
available. ' ' : • - " . ' - - : " 

17. THE COLOR GRADING ' OF -HONEY is ■ discussed in Department Circular 364., a 
joint contribution' of the Bureau of Entomology and this Bureau.' E. L. 
Sechrist, of the Bureau of Entomology, is the author. 

18. CLEAN YOUR WHEAT ON THE FARM, Save the dockage- for feed and get a 
higher price for your wheat, is the advice given by Robert H. Black, Marketing 
Specialist, in a" -mimeographed circular recently released. •; 

19. - - AMENDMENT 1 TO S. R. A. 91 of this' Bureau is ' now 'available in printed 
form. This amends the regulations ui der the U. S. cotton futures act. 

20* THE FLORIDA CITRUS DEAL,' 1924-25, is summarized by W; H. Hall in- a recent 

mimeographed report. ' • •■•' : '-—- •-, , ; ' « •' 

the article by Bradford's. Smith which appeared in the June 1 issue of the 
Journal of Agricultural Research, is' now available- in separate form. 

22. NATIONAL APPLE WEEK was given special notice in the bulletins and 
other reports issued from a number of Fruit and Vegetable Offices last week. 


Mr. Tenny, : Mr. Sherman and Mr. were guests of the Portland, 
Ore. U. S. D. A. -Club at its October 1 meeting 'and luncheon. Each gave a 
brief talk concerning the work of this Bureau. 

Mr. Olsen did not return to Washington this week as expected, but 
will remain in Iowa another week. 

E. W. Stillwell addressed the meeting of the Dietetic Association of 
the District of Columbia last Thursday evening. He explained the history, 
the object and the scope of the Market News Service, and gave suggestions as 
to how the daily market information, published in local newspapers and broad- 
cast by radio can be utilied. ., . 

Valerian Obolensky-^Ossinsky, Professor of Agricultural Economics at 
'the Agricultural Academy of Moscow, and Leon Margolin, Agricultural Economist 
of the same institution, are in Washington again. These 'gentlemen called at 
the Bureau in August, and since then Prof. Ossinsky. has visited many of the 
colleges and experiment stations as well as farming projects throughout our 
country. He Is interested in studying all phases of agricultural economics 
as well as general agr i cultural development in the country, ... . 

Prof. Ossinsky and Mr. Margolin will remain in Washington all of ; 
November and part df December and may be reached. through Mr . Shoup's office. 

November 10, 1925 

The B. A. E- News. 

W. U, King, of the Hay, Feed and Seed Division, is on a trip to 
Boston, west Point, $T. Y. , Few York City, Trenton, 11. J. , and Philadelphia, 
for the purpose of supervising the work of hay inspectors at those points. 
He will also stop at the Agricultural Colleges in Massachusetts, Connecticut, 
New Jersey, and Delaware to discuss the work of the Hay Inspection Service 
and use of the Federal standards for hay with the extension services of 
those colleges. 

P. P. Elliott, of the Division of Farm Management and Costs, will 
leave Friday for TJrbana to confer with officials of the college of agri- 
culture and experiment station of the University of Illinois in regard to 
cooperative farm management research. He will also obtain information from 
representative farmers relative to their methods and practices in making 
adjustments in hog production to meet changing economic conditions. Mr. 
Elliott may take a week's leave at his home in Kentucky "before returning to 

E. G. Hill, of the Bureau of Plant Industry, is cooperating with the 
Warehouse Division in a study of the shrinkage of potatoes in warehouses 
in Massachusetts, Vermont, Maine, New York and New Jersey. Mr- Hill will 
also make inspections of warehouses in those States licensed under the 
warehouse act. 

Lyman S. Hulbert, Senior Marketing Economist, is being transferred 
from the Packers and Stockyards Administration to the Division of Agricultural 
Cooperation of this Bureau, effective November 16. Mr. Hulbert is known 
to many of us, as he was associated v. _ th the Bureau for about a year prior 
to his transfer to the Packers and Stockyards Administration in 1922. His 
work will deal primarily with the legal phases of cooperation. He will 
engage in research and act as a consulting specialist in cooperative and 
business law. The research work will include studies of State and Federal 
laws relating to cooperation, court decisions bearing on cooperation, regu- 
lations of Government agencies affecting cooperative associations, and the 
legal phases of organization, incorporation and financing of cooperative 

"To change the name and not the letter" is part of an old saying 
which we hope doesn't apply to Mrs. Charles Eaum, who before her marriage 
to Mr. Eaum was Miss. "Olive Richmond- Both Mr. and Mrs.. Eaum are members 
of the. Drafting Section. When they recently announced that they had been 
married at Port Deposit, Md. , September 15, their co-workers presented them 
with a bridge lamp. Best wishes.' 

Congratulations are also being extended to Curtis L. Clagget, Photostat 
Operator, who announced last week that he and Miss Bessie F. Vitamers ley, 
Department Telephone Operator, were married at Alexandria, Va. , on September 

J. W. Park is back in Washington after si:: weeks work in the field 
on the peach survey. He is temporarily located with the Division of Farm 
Management and Costs in Building C. 


The B. A. E. News. 

Vol. 13, No. 19, 

J- G. Cross is on leave this week at his home here. Next ?/eek he is 
planning to go to EaltimOre, Philadelphia, New' York and Boston to make ar- 
rangements for reports of receipts of- dairy and poultry products "by rail 
. and! steamer. 

Sidney Knoller, of the New York office of the Cotton Division, is 
in Washington and will be here 'about a week consulting with of ficials ' of the 
Cotton Division regarding the desirability and possibilities of making a 
change in the forms now in use by the Board of Examiners, 

George Gaus has returned' to Washington from New York City where he 
has been assisting, in the work incident to moving our stock of cotton 
samples to new storage space. 

E. G. Parker, of the Cotton Division, left Washington Sunday night 
for points in North and South' -Carolina' to interview persons who have made 
application for appointment as Specialist in Cotton Classing to determine 
their fitness for the work. 

Boiling Hall, of North Caro lira, recently appointed ' Assistant 
Marketing Specialist, was expected to report for duty at the Chicago office 
of the Fruit and Vegetable Division yesterday. Mr. Hall is a graduate of 
the University of North Carolina. 

Miss Polly Heitman resigned from the Fruit and Vegetable Division 
October 31, and will be married about the latter part of November to^ Mr. L, 
L. Ivey of Raleigh, N. C. A silver gravy dish and ladle and salt and " '" 
pepper shakers was the gift of co-workers at a little get-together the 
day she left the service. 

About twenty members of the Division of Land Economics attended 
Keith's theatre last Friday evening to hear Miss Fleurette Joeffrie, daughter 
of Mr. Woo ton of the Division, sing. Miss Joeffrie was accompanied at the 
piano by her mother. 

Ward C. Jensen, Agent from Clemson College, S. C. , is in Washington ■ this 
week conferring with officials of the Bureau in regard to cooperative farm 
management and cost studies being carried on in South Carolina. 

The sympathy of her many friends is extended to Mrs. Mabelle Mi Darroch 
in the loss of her husband, Mr. Donald Darroch. Mr. Darroch died last Friday 
after a short illness. 

John 0. Hans, of the New York Board of Cotton Examiners, is here for 
a brief period to assist with the preparation of practical forms of the 
Universal Cotton Standards. 

T. W. Tannor, Specialist in Cotton Classing in the Bureau from 1919 to 
1924, died November 1 in a hospital at Charlotte, N. C. , after a brief illness. 
The funeral was held at Pei .rsburg, Va. , Mr. Tannor 's native home. 



November lj t 1925 Vol. x 3. 20 • 



That agriculture has an important claim on the use of radio was 
recognized at the Fourth Annual Radio Conference held here last week. The 
conference was opened with a statement from Secretary Hoover to the effect 
that the consideration of &H matters by the conference would he predicated 
on "the recognition of the principle that service to the listening public 
must be the basis for every broadcasting privilege and for all radio 
regulations". The conference decided that the number of radio stations 
should be limited. It favored fewer and better stations, and maintained 
that direct advertising by radio should be restricted. As a result of 
resolutions passed by the Legislative Comr.ittee, it is expected that 
legislation will be outlined at the next session of Congress. 

The 'deliberations of the general conference and of the special sub- 
committees early took 'into account the fact that the farmer living at a 
distance from all sources cf information was able to find in radio a solution 
of some of his problems of isolation and that it was desirable that agri- 
cultural information be given consideration in the development of a real 
program of public service. A group of representatives of the agricultural 
interests drafted a resolution recommending that full recognition be given 
by the Department of Commerce to the needs of the public extension services 
in the broadcasting of material of sn educational, ■ informative and economic 
character, by the United States Department of Agriculture, and the State 
Governments through the State universities, agricultural colleges and 
departments of agriculture, and that adequate, definite and specific 
provision be made for these services within the broadcast band of frequencies. 
This resolution was endorsed by both the Sub-Committee on Wave Length Allo- 
cations and by the General Conference. 

W. A. Wheeler, N. A. Crawford, C. W. Warburton, . E. B. Calvert, 
J. Clyde Marquis and J. C. Gilbert represented this Department. Representa- 
tives from 11 agricultural colleges or extension services, from farmers' 
cooperative organizations and private concerns interested in farm trade were 
also present. About 600 representatives of all phases of the radio industry 
attended the conference. 



Last Thursday the Division of Land Economics resumed its bi-monthly 
seminars. Dr. Gray presided, reading the. paper on '-Results of Research 
in Land Economics that Point the Way to a National Land Policy" which he 
is giving at the Chicago meeting of the Land Grant College Association this 
week. Valerian Obolensky-Ossinsky, Professor of Agricultural Economics at 
the Agricultural Academy of Moscow, was the guest of honor, and promised to 
preside at some later meeting. 


The B.A.E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 20. 



"The crop reporting system of the United States is generally 
considered to he the most comprehensive and complete in the world" 
Secretary Jardine said in reply to an inquiry from Senator George 
Wharton Pepper of Pennsylvania regarding criticisms made of certain 
phases of the crop reporting service. 

The forecasts for grains, hay, fruits,, tobacco and potatoes, 
the Secretary said, have been favorably received by the trade as well 
as by producers, but scarcely a single report on cotton has escaped 
"criticism and attack from some quarter, although more timeand greater 
care have been taken with the cotton reports than for any other crop." 

The Secretary's letter has been mimeographed in the form of a 
release to the press. Copies of it may be had from the Division of Crop 
Estimates or the Division of Information, 


Harold Ware, President of the Russian Reconstruction Farms, Inc., 
gave a most interesting illustrated lecture to our Foreign Service Section 
Monday evening on his work and present conditions in Russia. Mr. Ware 
gave a very vivid picture of peasant life in the great Black Soil Belt, 
the important grain producing section of Russia. 

The most significant movement among the peasants at present, accord- 
ing to Mr.. 7/are, is the tendency to leave the old villages and to settle 
in small groups upon their allotments of land. The old village system of 
living made it necessary for many of the peasants' to travel many miles to 
reach their allotted plots of land and they lost much time in doing this. 
There is a growing tendency for small groups of peasants to form coopera- 
tive societies (called "artels") for the purpose of obtaining credit with 
which to purchase modern machinery for producing crops or to build new 
residences. Each peasant is allowed to occupy about 10 acres for each 
member of his family. The machinery purchased by the ccoperatiyt? £r£up 
is used to cultivate and harvest crops on all land belonging to this' group, 

Mr. Ware closed his talk with an optimistic note, stating that 
conditions are steadily improving and that the future outlook for Russia 
is becoming brighter. 



"Airedales are firm and selling at 60 cents a dozen" J. C. Gilbert 
declared over radio station WRC one night last week. It happened like this. 
An Airedale dog got into the building and walked into the broadcasting room* 
Mr. Gilbert was broadcasting the price of eggs and seeing the dog, unconscioui 
said "Airedales" instead of "eggs". At -least, that was the story told by the 
Manager of WRC at the dinner given last Friday by the National Apple Week 
Association, at which J. C. Gilbert and Frank George' of the Division of 
Information were guest's.' • ■■ 

November 17, 1925. The B.A.E. News 




More than 250 women have already signed up for the luncheon at the 
City Club to be given on November 25 in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Cooper. 
The Office of the Chief, Bureau Library, Personnel, Center Market, and 
some of the other sections will attend 100$ strong, and Mails and Files, 
Information and perhaps others have a complete list except for one or two 
signatures and are expecting to enter the 100^ column well before the final 

Early notification is urged, but if your decision is late, Miss 
Miriam C, Vance, room No. 609, Telephone branch 371, will arrange for 
you up to the last day. If through absence or other reasons, any one 
has not been personally asked to come, she is urged to consider this 
notice a personal invitation. 

Special cars will be waiting at Fourteenth and B Street, S. W., 
at 12:15. Be sure to brin^ your tickets and be at the City Club ready 
to be seated at 12:30, November 25. Mr. Cooper and others will speak 
and Meyer Goldman will furnish the music. 

Members of the Entertainment Committee, Misses Miriam C. Vance, chair- 
man, Margaret W. Daniel, Grace F. Leonard, Caroline B. Sherman and Lucy Watt, 
will be glad to furnish any other details on request. 



A total of 11,830 appeals from grades assigned by licensed 
inspectors under the U. S. Grain Standards Act, was handled by the Grain 
Division during the first three months of the present fiscal year. These 
appeals involved the re-grading and issuance of an appeal grade certificate 
on' 629 lots of corn, 3,&j6 of wheat, 985 of oats, 282' of rye, 46 of grain 
sorghums and 12 of feed oats. The majority of the appeals represented 
carlot shipments of grain. The office at Duluth, Minnesota, led the other 
offices in the number handled, by taking care of 5,010 appeals, nearly 
4,000 of which were handled during September. 

Of the total appeals entertained, the grade appealed from Was 
changed in ^>S 0 Sfo of the cases and no charge made for the appeal service. 
The appeal fees for the cases in which the grades were not changed, 
amounted to $11,700»73» 

Remittances covering appeal fees and sales of grain samples clear 
through the appeals section of the Grain Division at 'Washington. During 
the first quarter of the current fiscal year a total of more than 2,600 
such remittances Were handled. 


Memorandum No. 5^5, amending Administrative Regulations regarding 
insurance of parcel post; 

Memorandum No. 5^+7, amending Administrative Regulations dealing with 
the handling of civil-service certificates. 

The. B..A.E* News 

Vol. .13, No. 20. 



In,, a. memorandum f rom W . W. Stockberger, Director of Personnel and 
Business Administration of the Department, he says: 

"Where it is impossible to f ill positions through regular channels 
and due authority has "been given for .employment outside the civil service, 
an employment agency in some instances has "been used by field office of the 
Department to secure the necessary employees.- In certain instances private 
employment agencies have been applied to, where the man who is put in touch 
with a position must pay a fee to the agency. The Department of Labor has 
po : inted out that in connection with the U. S. Employment Service of that 
Department public employment offices are maintained throughout the country, 
in cooperation with State and municipal employment services, and has re- 
quested that these public agencies be applied to when it is necessary to 
use such a service .. .. Accordingly, when it is necessary to make use of 
such service one of- the public agencies referred' to should be called upon 
if' the needs of the service can be met thereby." 

A directory of public employment offices is "now being revised and 
as, -soon as the revised edition is available, copies will be sent to each of 
our branch offices. • 


Discounts on Ford parts, as outlined in item k of The B. A. E- News 
for July 21, have been changed so that certain items are subject to a 
discount, of 10fo instead of the usual 25%. Specifically, these items, as 
described in the Ford Wholesale Price List of Parts, issue of .August 1, 
1925, -are as follows; LIST PEI CE 

Lots of 10. 

P art No. • Name of Part . Year" ■ " . ■■ Per lo t Each 

: 2990B Motor assy. -'-less starter 1909-25 : $110,00 

H095BX -Emergency kit ■ 1.50 

' M-ill ■■■ Black -touch-up enamel, l/2pt. •. • ; ; 1.00 
M-I65 Black enamel (air-dry-) 1 qt, 1.00 
79U0AHX ' Touring car top complete . 1915-22 . 27.00 

79W3X Top assembly 1922-25 $ 250.00 27.00 

79^'IAHX Torpedo- top complete l§15-22 22.00 

JSklBX Top assembly 1922-25"" 200.00 22.00 

Further information' has been received from the Ford Motor Company 
to the 'effect that all dealers representing the Ford Company in the sale 
of Ford products are classified as Authorized Ford Sales and Service 
Dealers and that these dealers have been instructed to grant disccunts on 
parts to national fleet owners as well as various governmental departments. 
The Company suggests that we confine our purchases of Ford parts to 
stations are nothing more or less than garages who make a business of 
repairing Ford cars, and as they purchase parts through dealers at 25$ 
discounts, they are not in a position to make' any 'concession to national 
users of Ford cars. 

November 17, 19?5 

The B-A.E. News 



Among the accessions to the Bureau Library for the week ending 
November 13 are: 

Estabrook, L. M, Proposed world agricultural census of 1930-31*-* 
Rome, Froweditorato generale dello state libreria, 1925* 

Gt. Brit. Empire cctton growing corporation. Report of kth annual 
general meeting, 1925. [Liverpool? 1925] 

Gregg, Kate L. Thomas Dekker: a study in economic and social back- 
grounds.. „ Seattle University of Washington press, 132k. (Univer- 
sity of Washington publications. Language and literature, v. 2, 
no. 2, July 132k) Thesis (Ph D) - University of Washington. 

International conference of labour statisticians, 2d, Geneva, 19?5- 

The second International conference of labour statisticians held 
at Geneva, 20 to 25 April 1925. Geneva, 1925. 
(International labour office. Studies and reports. Series N. 
(Statistics) no. 8) 

Municipal research bureau of Cleveland. A report upon the operation 
of the municipal inarkets of the city of Cleveland... July, 1924. 

[Cleveland?] 1924* 

U. S. Bureau of foreign and domestic commerce. Statistical abstract 

cf the United States, 132k. Washington, Govt, print, off., 1925- 

U. S. Bureau of foreign and domestic commerce. Trade information 

bulletin, no. jto„ Markets for agricultural implements and farm 
machinery in Argentina and Uruguay, by S. H. Avery. Sept. 1925 . 

U. S. Lopto of the Interior. Bureau of education. Courses in rural 
education offered in universities, colleges, and norniil schools... 
(Rural school leaflet no. 37) 

U. S. Ireasiiry. Bureau of the budget. 4th annual report of the 
director,., to the President of the United States, 1925« 
Washington, Govt, print, off*, 1925* 

Wilson, Sir James « The world's wheat on August 1st, 1925. [Liver-poo.. 
Tne Nort hern publishing cc, ltd,, 1925..] 

World's poultry congress and exhibition, 2d, Barcelona, 1924 „ Book of 
the congress and description of the exhibition. . . Barcelona, 
Graphic art co., led., [±32k~j 


One way of keeping a friendship is by returning it. 


The B.A.E. ' News 

Vol. 13, No. 20. 


12. COTTON GINNING- forms the subject of Farmers Bulletin IH65 which 
is a revision made by G. S. Meloy, of Farmers Bulletin J&k. Footnote 
reference calls attention to the fact that the original studies upon 
which the first bulletin was based were conducted by Messrs, Fred Taylor, 
D. C. Griffith and C. E. Atkinson. The illustrated text covers the 
processes of ginning from the separation of the seed for planting. Special 
attention is given to the effects of careless preparation of the American 
bale . 

13. VARIATIONS IN ASPARAGUS CRATES (Middle Atlantic States) is the title 
of a mimeographed circular, issued by the Fruit and Vegetable Division, in 
which standard specifications' for asparagus are suggested. Different crates 
used for this product are described and discussed, and observations based 
on R. W. Davis' investigations ijl New Jersey are given. 

Ik. MICHIGAN POTATO DEAL , season 1923-2*+, and season 192*4-25, is summarized 
by R. H. Shoemaker in a report just issued by this Bureau in cooperation with 
the Bureau of Foods & Standards of the Michigan Department of Agriculture. 

15. PROPOSED WORLD AGRICULTURAL CENSUS OF 1930-31 is discussed and the plan 
of procedure for taking the ' census is outlined in a communication by Leon M. 
Estabrook to the Session of the International Institute of Statistics at Rome, 
and now available in printed form. 

16. THE ARTICLE ON COLOR MEASUREMENT OF HAY by Z. B. Seeds, w a s translated 
into German and appears in a recent edition of Marktbericht Hansablum published 
at Hamburg, Germany. 


The Chief is in Chicago this week attending the meeting of the Land 
Grant College Association, 

C. L. Christensen left Washington Monday for Omaha to address the 
annual meeting of the Nebraska Farmers Elevator Association, November 18, . 
on "Cooperative Marketing". He will visit Lincoln to confer with marketing 
officials at the State College relative to a proposed study of farmers co- 
operative elevators. After interviewing prospective appointees at Minneapolis 
and St. Paul for positions in the Division of Agricultural Cooperation, he 
will go to Chicago to attend' the annual meeting of the National Association 
of Marketing Officials. 

Official travel in Florida has its tribulations. A letter just 
received fromH. A. Marks, Truck Crop Specialist engaged in estimating the 
fall planting of truck crops in Florida, says that it is costing him from 
six to seven dollars a day for meals and lodging. Few people seem to be 
interested enough in truck crops to give any information about them - more 
are concerned with selling their farms for building lots. 

November 17, 1925 

The B.A.E. News 


The large manlier of requests for inspection of fruits and vegetable 
at New York City is presenting a problem to the Inspection Service,, 
F. G. Robb is now in New York studying the situation. 

F. J. Hughes is planning to be in Philadelphia Thursday to consult 
with Bureau officials on personnel matters, and to interview officials of 
The Baldwin Locomotive Works regarding their system of personnel records t 

Roy C. Potts and J. M. Borders left Washington Thursday night to 
confer with directors of the pacific Egg Producers Association at New York 
City and with Bureau officials there and at Philadelphia regarding the butter 
and egg inspection service. Mr. Borders will return direct to "Washington, 
but Mr. Potts will continue his trip West, stopping at Columbus, Ohio, to 
meet with the secretary of the Ohio Creamery Improvement Association and 
officers of the Ohio State Department of Agriculture concerning a cooperative 
compilation of dairy statistics in Ohio. At Kansas City, he will interview 
the executive committee of the Missouri Farmers Association and officials 
of the poultry and egg packing plants operated by that Association about 
Federal-State inspection of eggs in Missouri. After a visit to the 
Minnesota Cooperative Creameries Association, Inc. and the Minnesota State 
Department of Agriculture at Minneapolis regarding inspection of butter, 
and to the Wisconsin Cheese Producers Federation at Plymouth regarding plans 
for Federal-State inspection of cheese, Mr. potts will attend the meeting 
of the National Association of Marketing Officials at Chicago. 

L. V. Steere, of the Division of Statistical and Historical Research, 
will attend the meetings of the Virginia State Horticultural Society at 
Staunton, Va., December S- 10 to discuss the export situation as it applies 
to Virginia apples* 

At the meeting to be held at Salisbury, Md. , November 2U, under the 
auspices of 17 cooperative canning associations, William E. Lewis will speak 
on the grading work on canning tomatoes he has been conducting. Mr. Lewis 
had expected to leave this week for sweet-potato shipping points in the South, 
but has cancelled that trip to attend the Eastern Shore of Maryland conference. 

V. J. Polsen, President of the Farmers' Union of New Zealand, and 
P. H. Cox, also of New Zealand, who called at the Bureau last week, commented 
on the courtesies extended to them and were very much pleased with the 
assistance rendered by Bureau officials. They were especially interested 
in cooperative marketing and agricultural finance, particularly as applied 
to crops grown in New Zealand - livestock, nool, hay and forage. They saw 
Mr. Cooper, Chris L. Christensen, H. S. Yohe, and H. W. Samson and Mr. Walls, 
of Agricultural Finance prepared some material for them. Messrs. Christensen 
and Samson accompanied them to the motion picture laboratory where they were 
shown several educational films, and as a result of a visit to the Office of 
Publications, they were uxipplied with a number of publications in which they 
were interested. Copies of the Yearbook were particularly v/ell received. 

George Stanford is the name of Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Tolley*s new son, 
born November 12. 

The B..A.E. News 

VOl. 13, Ho- 20. 

... : S*. G. Swain Jr. i-s leaving tonight for Kentucky to make necessary 
field investigations and collect evidence to determine the justification of 
charges filed against a licensed inspector, and- if necessary to. make 
preliminary arrangements for holding an official hearing. Mr. Swain will 
also meet the. newly appointed manager of the various, warehousing corporations 
existing in. the Dark Tobacco Growers District of Kentucky. 

Rex E. Willard, of the North Dakota Agricultural College and a 
Collaborator of this. Bureau, is expected to arrive in Washington about 
•November .20. to- assist in analyzing and preparing for publication farm 
organization data collected cooperatively by this Bureau and the. North Dakota 
Agricultural College, in connection with, farm management research. 

Q..M. Johnson, of the- Division of Land Economics, is leaving today for 
,a shprl; trip to Centerville, Md., to study the tenant-landlord situation there, 
The. present situation results from a recent change in the - type of. farming. 
■The old grain system has-been superseded by dairying 'and the' system of renting 
iias- not changed to correspond with the type of farming. Mr. .' Johnson will also 
'go to Delaware, and inspect an area where a change in the type of farming 
similar to the one in Maryland was .made some time ago.. -The former Bureau of 
Farm Management made a study of this change during 1913-1^ and Mr. Johnson 
will try to discover what adjustment, has been made in the tenant-landlord 
.relationship. Later- Mr. Johnson will go to other points in -Maryland. 

Prof, W. E. G-arnett, of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, has been 
authorized to travel between Blacksburg and other points in Virginia to 
conduct a study of rural organizations and the attitudes of rural people 
toward organization. He will ascertain by. systematic analysis what the 
rural people are thinking about the policies, problems, accomplishments:, 
failures and possibilities of several types of organizations working on 
various aspects of rural life, together with the reasons for their attitudes. 

Miss Vtarnick entertained the .Land Economies' five hundred club "on 
November 9 at her home on Connecticut Ave-. Mr. McDonough claims he could 
have beaten Mr, Tiiecking' s high score could he have played after he had 
been refreshed with ice cream, calces, fruit, and coffee, 

Ross Chambers, of the Grain Division is being transferred from St. Louis, 
Mo . to Cairo, 111. 

M. T. Hugdahl, who was seriou.slj r injured in an automobile accident^ has 
recuperated sufficiently to return to his duties as Grain Sampler in the 
Minneapolis Office of Federal Grain Supervision.-. 

Sidney H. Pearce, of the New Orleans Board of Cotton-Examiners, who 
is at Houston, Texas in a travel status, has been authorized to proceed to 
Las Cruces, New Mexico, to study cotton marketing conditions in the State of 
New Mexico and to demonstrate the Universal Cotton Standards to growers and 
shippers of cotton. 

Miss Olive M. Ford, of the Division of Statistical and Historical Re- 
search, is spending the week at Altcona, Pa., visiting relatives and friends. 


srnber 2k, 192': 

TON, D. C. 

Vol. 13, iTo. c 

o ori-e and ai 

4 a&u^ 


The B- A. E. News 

Vol. 13, Ho. 21 


ON Ipl-."-. S URVEY . 

Nils A. 01 sen, Assistant Chief, returned to the office last 
Wednesday from Iowa, where he and A* C. Williams, of the Federal Farm 
Loan Board, surveyed credit and farm storage conditions as they relate 
to the orderly marketing of the 1925 corn crop. In a report made to 
the Secretary yesterday, the need in certain localities for additional 
credit facilities is emphasized. In the main, it is said, that farmers 
will probably receive adequate assistance from their local "banks. Im- 
provement in the Iowa banking situation is indicated, but it is pointed 
out that bank failures have been numerous in the State and there appear 
to be spots where existing credit agencies arenot able to meet present 
legitimate demands for credit. Mr. 01 sen and Mr. Williams believe, 
therefore, that the time is opportiine for a wider use of the facilities 
afforded by the Federal Intermediate Credit System. 

State Wa rehouse Sy stem 

Be commended for Fair Test 

With reference to the farm storage situation, it is said that 
many of the banks have expressed their willingness to make loans on 
farm storage certificates issued under the Iowa State warehouse act of. 
1923. The act has been in operation for too short a period to permit 
a fair appraisal of its merits, and it is the recommendation of Messrs. 
Olsen and Williams that the measure be given- a: fair test. 

In conclusion, the report reads: "While our mission was to 
survey credit and farm storage conditions in Iowa, we feel 'it should 
be added that deep interest was expressed in the problem of stabilizing 
the prices of form products and in bringing about a better relationship 
between the prices 01 the things farmers buy and the things they sell. 
The agricultural situation has improved since 1921, but it is apparent 
that many Iowa farmers still labor under the handicaps of large debts, 
high operating expenses, high taxes, high interest rates on short term 
loans, and also widely fluctuating and often unsatisfactory prices for 
their products." 



Asher Eobson, American Delegate to the International Institute 
of Agriculture at Rome, and a Collaborator of this Bureau, arrived in 
Washington Sunday. The purpose of Mr. Eobson' s trip to America is to 
arrange a program to be followed by the American delegation at the next 
General Assembly of the International Institute st Rome in May, 1926. 
He will spend most of his stay conferring with officials of this Bureau 
and of the Department of State. 

Mr, Hob sen sailed from Genoa on the 5. S. President Polk on 
November U. Two severe storms made the journey an unusually rough one, 
and the vessel was compelled to put in to Halifax for fuel. After an 
eighteen-days trip, including stops at Marseille, and Boston, Mr. Hob son 
docked at New York last Saturday. 

Iovem"bet 2h, 1925. 

The 3. A- B- News 




A study of the membership problems of centralized cooperative 
marketing associations has been planned by this Bureau in cooperation 
with the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment. Station. The Bureau will 
be represented by Chris L. Christensen, and 0. 3. Jesness, Chief of 
the Kentucky Section of Markets, will represent the Experiment Station 
in directing the work. 

The study is to be conducted by J 0 W. Jones formerly of the 
Kentucky Station but who is. new cooperatively employed "by the Station 
and this Bureau.. .Mr.. Jones will visit practically ell the large cotton 
and tobacco organizations in the South, numerous dairy organizations, and 
other large cooperative associations in the various sections of the 
United States. 

The object is to study the membership problems of centralized 
cooperative marketing associations: 1, to determine the fundamental 
facts responsible for the existence of such problems; 2. to analyze the 
methods era practices that are being used to meet these problems; and 
3, to develop plans or suggestions for handling more effectively member- 
ship problems by educational methods. 



Plans have been completed for the conduct of a training class for 
fruit and vegetable inspectors to be held at Chicago, beginning the week 
of December J, She instruction will be given by Dr. G, K. Link, Dr. D. L. 
Rose, Supervisor P.. C. But us r, and by 2f . G. Rcbb , of the Washington 
Office, who will spend. a few days with the class. The training work will 
last about six weeks. 

Boiling Hall, G. Hi Irish, H. It. Schneck, T. R. Merrill, recently 
appointed members, R. L. Sutton of the field force of Market News, H. A. 
Harris, cf the Los Angeles Market News Office, and w. D. Googe, of the 
Port Worth Market News Office, will take the course. 

5 . BUREAU MjSfflggg IW TOP TO 


The annual Department banquet sponsored by the Chicago U; S. D. A. 
Club will be held at 5*30 P« m « » December 3 i r - the dining room of the 
Armour's General Office at Union Stock Yards. It is expected that a 
number of Department people will be in Chicago at that time, for the 
International Livestock Exposition and tho meeting of the Association 
of Marketing Officials, so a large attendance is expected. An invitation 
is extended to all members of the Bureau, so well a^ to their wives and 
friends. Reservations at &L*5G a plate should be made with E, ?. Lemott , 
Secretary-Treasurer cf the Club, aad a member of our Chicago staff located 
in room 507 > City Hall Square Building. 


The B. A. E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 21 



Everything is set for the luncheon for the Chief at the City Club tomorrow. 
Approximately 3OO women members of the staff of the Bureau have signed to attend. 
The honor guests have all accepted, and each Representative of the administrative 
staff has agreed to say a word of after-luncheon greeting to the staff. Agricul- 
tural Cooperation and Information, in addition to those mentioned last week, have 
subscribed lOOfc and Accounts lacks only one of complete registration. Meyer 
Goldman's men will furnish the music and Miss Vance and Miss Lee are busy with the 

Special cars will leave lUth and B streets S. V/. at 12.15. The management 
asks that everyone be at the ballroom ready to be seated promptly at 12.30 and that 
they have their tickets with them. There will be no arranged seating hut it is 
hoped that Divisions will break ranks, find tables with some new acquaintances and 
aid in making the luncheon a factor in extending acquaintanceships and relationships 
in the Bureau, 


The Interdivision quintet is no 17 / leading in the Agricultural Ladies Bowling 
League. Fruits and Vegetables and Livestock are running neck and neck for place, 
with Information, a game "behind, a close contender. Farm Management is fifth, 
followed by Crop Estimates, Land Fconomics and the Library. 

In the' Men's League, the standing exclusive of last night's games is: Grain, 
Center Market, Office of the Chief, Cotton, Fruits and Vegetables, and Farm Manage- 


Memorandum No. 5H6, amending the Administrative Regulations regarding leave of 


Among the accessions to the Bureau Library for the week ending November 20 aro: 

Brazil. Ministerio da agricultura, industria e comrnercio. Servieo de 

inspeccao e fomento agricolas Circulacao dos productos agricolas e custo 
da vida, em relacjao aos artigos do alimentaca*o' no Brasil 1921-1923 ... 
Rio de Janeiro, Imprensa nacional, 1925. 

Farmer, J.B. & Killby, L.G. A cotton research station for the British 
Empire ... London, Empire cotton growing corporation, 1925. 

Fisher, R.A. Statistical methods for research workers ... Edinburgh, London, 
Oliver and Boyd, 1925. (Biological monographs and manuals* no. 3) 

Gt. Brit. Board of trade. Committee on flax seed and flax growing in the 
United Kingdom. Interim report. Flax seed. London, H.M. Stationery 
off., 1925. 

November 2H, 1925 

The B. E. News 


International apple shippers' association. ■ Annual report of the secretary, 
l92lf/25 . New York, 1925- 

New York (City) Cotton exchange, M&mX report of the cotton crop, 1924/25. 
(New Ydrfc,. 122^J 

Secrist, H. An introduction to statistical methods ... Rev. ed. (Entirely 
rewritten and enl.) New York, Macmiilan company, 1925. 

Terpenning, W.A. Social o inanimations working with rural people... 

Kalamazoo, Mich., The Extension department, Wsstern stsue normal scnool, 


U S. Dept. of the interior. Bureau of education. ... Land-grant college 
education, 1910 to 1920. Fart III. Agriculture. (Bulletin 1925, no. 4} 

Weddel, W. $ Co., ltd. 

31st annual review of' the imported dairy produce trade, 1924/25. 

London £925} 

Western lines. Statistical bureau. Before the Interstate commerce commission. 
Rate structure investigation I. C. C. docket 17000. Revenues in western 
district ex parte SJ... Chicago, 1925* 


Mutton are outlined and discussed by W. C. Davis and J. A. Burgess, in a 
recent mimeographed report. Copies had from the Division of Livestock, 
Meats and Wool or from Mies Thomas of the Division of Information. 

has "been compiled "by the Division of Farm Population and Rural Life* Copies 
may be obtained from Miss Thomas. 

12. COLORALO-NEBRASICA POTATO LEAL, season 1924-25, is the title of the 
comprehensive review prepared by J. D. Snow, This report covers the deal of 
the' San Luis Valley,' Western Slope and Greeley District of Colorado and the 
Western District and South Central District of ITeoraska. 

13. THE STRAWBERRY DEAL for the past season for the Eastern Shore (Maryland 
and Virginia) and Delaware, is reviewed by E. R. Diddle and V.'. F. Cox in a 
report, just mimeographed. Market reports on strawberries were issued from the 
Philadelphia. Office, May II to June lj v 

14. NORTH CAROLINA STRAWBERRY DEAL, season 1925, is summarized by H, E. 
Rutland in a mimeographed report now released. 

15. PUBLICATIONS issued by this Bureau relating to Markets, Crops ana 
Farm Management are given in a mimeographed list revised as of November, 1925. 

•The 3.A.L, News 

Vol. 13. No. 21. 


Mr, lenny returned to the Bureau yesterday morning as The B. A. E. 
News was going to press. It is hoped to have a report from him for next 
week T s issue,. 

Dr. 0. C. Stine will leave Washington the latter part of the week 
for Chicago to attend the meetings of the National Association of 
Marketing Officials and the National Livestock Exposition- He will 
visit the agricultural colleges of Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Iowa 
and Ohio to investigate research "being carried on and to obtain 
information which may. "be used advantageously in developing and 
strengthening the work of the Division of Statistical and Historical 

W. F. Callander left Washington Saturday night for points in 
Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa and Illinois to 
confer with the Agricultural Statisticians of those States regarding 
methods of work, etc. Today he is attending the meeting of the Advisory 
Board of the American. Railway Association at Little Rock, speaking on 
"The Use and Value of Agri cult ur al Statistics to Shippers and Railroads". 
Mr. Callander will also speak ax the meeting of the Central Western . 
Board of the Association at Alliance, Nebr„, December 1* 

W. A. Sherman, who is making the return to Washington from his 
extended western trip, will also represent the Bureau at the Little 
Rock meeting of the American Railway Association. Charles S= Bouton, 
Agricultural Statistician for Arkansas, stationed at Little Rock, will 
also participate. 

H. S. Yohe, in charge of the Warehouse Division, was in Boston 
yesterday discussing with warehousemen, the National Wool Exchange and 
"bankers handling collateral for Montana, Wyoming and Idaho wool growers 
associations problems in connection with the operation of the licensed 
warehouses used by those associations, and working out a more simplified 
practice. Today he and James P. Brown, of the Raleigh Warehouse Office, 
are in New York City conferring with insurance underwriters and making 
final arrangements for a form of blanket insurance coverage applicable: 
to cotton warehousemen. 

Friday morning, Dr. L. C. Gray and B. 0. Weitz returned from Chicago 
where they attended the meetings of the Association cf Land Grant Colleges 
and the American Society of Agronomy. Br . Gray's speech, delivered at 
the annual meeting of the former association, was entitled Results of 
Research in Land Economics Thru" Point the Way to a National Land Policy-" 
He emphasized the need for establishing a national policy in reference 
to the unsettled land problems of the nation,. Mr-. Wsits, at the meeting 
of the American Society of Agronomy, gave a paper in which he presented 
an analysis of crop yield statistics with reference to the alleged deteri- 
oration of soils. He showed that so far as crop yield statistics indicate 
crop yields have been rising in certain parts of the United States as a 
result of a wider use of improved agricultural practices. 

November 24, 1925. 

She B.A.S. Hews. 


A. L. Austin of the St. Paul Livestock Office has been assisting 
in the market reporting service on livestock at National Stockyards, Ill» 
while E. A. Cr:-\ the regular reporter is on leave. 

3. H . Thibodeaux, an Agent cf this Bureau, has been authorized 
to visit points in Louisiana to collect data on farm practices in 
managing sugar plantations and on the cost of producing sugar cane in 
Louisiana. The project is being conducted in cooperation with the 
Bureau of plant Industry end the A. and M : i College and Experiment Station 
of the University of Lo"Jiisiana„ 

W. C. Davis will leave 7?ashington November 2o for Chicago to 
attend and address the meeting cf the American Society of Animal 
Production which will be held November 27t?£. Mr. Davis will also 
attend the International Livestock Exhibition while in Chicago* 

A. T, Edinger left Washington yesterday for Chicago to confer 
with producers, consumers, members of the trade and ethers relative 
to market classes and grades for livestock and meats. He will also 
attend the meeting of the American Society of Animal Production, and 
he will demonstrate the various grades of meat at the International 

Messrs. Whalin, Gibbons, Baker and Burk of the Division of Livestock, 
Meats and Wool, will leave Washington November 29 for Chicago to attend 
the hearings on cattle and beef grades which will be held December 
They will also attend the International Livestock k low, 

H. S. Yohe, in charge of the Warehouse Division, and L. M. 
Davis, of the Division of Dairy and Poultry Products, will address 
members of the American Viarehousemen's Association when they meet in 
Washington, December 1-4. Mr. Yohe will sneak on "The Federal Warehouse 
Act and Its Relation to the Warehousing Industry." Mr. Davis will discuss 
"Statistics of the Dairy and Poultry Industries of Interest to the Cold 
Storage Warehouseman". 

We are indebted to E. A. Dacey, of the Drafting Section, for the 
attractive front-page decoration* 

A. M. Agelasto left Friday for Norfolk, Raleigh, Charleston, 
Savannah, and Montgomery to investigate nrices and quotations established 
for spot cotton by the spot cotton, exchangee and to secure information 
which will assist with the proper enforcement cf the cotton futures act. 

James V. Morrow, of the Warehouse Division left last Friday for 
Kentucky and Tennessee to present to and discuss with various interested 
parties the final drafts of tobacco grades for Western Kentucky tobacco 

George 0. Gatlin, Division of Agricultural Cooperation, will visit 
Baltimore one day this week to study the cooperative marketing practices 
of the Maryland Tobacco Growers' Association. 


The B.A.E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 21. 

D. A. McCandliss cf Mississippi, C. H. Robinson of Oklahoma, 
V. c. Chi Ids of Georgia, and V. H. Hhodes cf North Carolina, were the 
Agricultural Statisticians " ho sat -7ith the Ore,? Reporting Board Saturday 
and assisted in the preparation of the cotton report. J. Clyde Marquis 
and A. B. Gonurrg sat v '.'-L the lovjC as observers. 

L. 3 » IIuXb~rt will attond the an val .nee ting cf the National 
Association 'of Mark3 .ing Officials ar.d Till ccnff.r with these in 
attendance about cooperative fk. 

Dr. J. L. Coulter, President of the North Dakota Agricultural 
College, was a recent visitor at our Krone apolig Office of Federal Grain 
Supervision. Dr. Coulter is interested in possibility of e stablishing 
at the Agricultural College a grain inspe jtion service and protein service 

D. L. James is in Philadelphia conferring with officers and 
members of the Interstate Milk Producers Association and the National 
Milk Producers Federation relative to the marketing of milk and other 
dairy products., 

Honry G. F. Hamann, of the New York office of the Division of 
Dairy and Poultry Products, will attend the New York State Poultry 
Show at Ithaca, December 3~5» and demonstrate the national standards and 
grades for eggs. 

Earl R. French, Research Agent in Marketing, stationed in New York 
City was at the Washington office last week, consulting with division 
leaders and others about the work of the -New York Food Research Council,. 

Thomas Huhn, messenger in Livestock, Meats and Wool Division ,has 
tendered his resignation effective November- 26. 

Forty-five senior students of the Pennsylvania State College of 
Agriculture were recently given a demonstration of grain grading and 
a talk on the standards at the Philadelphia Office of Federal Grain 

Miss Edith Dansereau, of the Division of Land Economics, returned 
to the office Saturday from her home in Newark, N, J., where she was called 
by the illness of her father. He was somewhat improved when she left. 

Mrs.. June A. Hodgkins, Division of Statistical and Historical 
Research, is enjoying a trip to Tampa and St.. Petersburg.. 

J. D. Hut son, Divirion of Farm Management and Costs, is at 
Raleigh, N. C».» conferring with State experiment officials regarding 
cooperative farm records and accounts work* 

Miss Margaret Charters, of the livisicn cf Land Economics, has 
returned from her vacation spent at Atlantic City and Vineland, N. J. 



That there is every evidence that farmers generally are using 
"better "business methods in handling and marketing their products is 
pointed out in the annual report of the Chief of Bureau for the fiscal 
year 1925. "This is shown" reads the report t: in the manner in which 
farmers have rebuilt their business from the depression of five years 
ago. It is shown, also, by the steadily increasing call for information 
on 'standardization and inspection of farm products, farm management , 
credit facilities, and "both domestic and foreign market: news." 

Federal standards are now in use for 3^ leading fruits and vege- 
tables, 8 grains, 7 varieties of hay, cotton, wool, tobacco, butter and 
eggs, and for a number of classes of livestock and dressed meats. The 
American cotton standards ars now use! throughout the world, and the 
Bureau is endeavoring to effect similar uniform standards for wool. 

Market news reports on shipments, supplies and prices of farm 
prdducts in the leading market centers are used by farmers everywhere. 

Facts provided farmers on the outlook for specific farm crops, 
it is considered, have done much to enable them to plan their operations. 
The pig surveys by the Bureau have been used widely in an effort to 
"^reduce the up 3 and downs in the hog industry. 

* "Special effort is made in the marketing work of the Bureau to 

determine the kinds, quality, and quantity of products which are and 
which should be offered for sale. In the process of distribution 
questions of standardisation, packing, assembling, transporting, ware- 
housing, financing, and finally of retailing all call for special studies 
and services. 

"Without broad information in regard to general economic conditions, 
the farmer is not able to meet the changing conditions in domestic and 
world markets. Hence the need of closely coordinating the facts of nation- 
al and world production, movements, and prices for the purpose of provid- 
ing a basis upon which farmers may plan their programs of work." 

Every One Should 

Read Introduction. 

A copy of the Annual Report is being sent to each "branch office 
in the belief that every field member of the staff should at least read 
the introduction and look carefully through the report as a whole. There 
is no better way of gaining a knowledge of the work of the Bureau as a 
whole and of each office's place in the program and organization. A 
condensed outline of the organization of the Bureau appears on page 6. 


The B. A. E. Hews 

Vol. 13, No. 



Personal contact with new State officers in six Western States 
with whom this Bureau has either present or prospective cooperative 
agreements for inspection work were made "by Mr. Tenny and Mr. Sherman, 
who returned last week from their extended western trip. Among the 
new activities discussed was the proposal to establish joint State- 
Federal inspection of eggs in the Petaluma district of California. Coxi- 
ferences looking toward this end were held in San Francisco and Petaluma. 
and with State officials in Sacramento, as a result of which it appears 
that such a service will be undertaken in the near future. 

At a conference with the Roosevelt Hay Growers and a. representa- 
tive of the Arizona Industrial Congress at Phoenix, discussion seemed to 
develop the possibility of • the early inauguration of shipping-point 
inspection covering alfalfa, hay in the Salt River Valley. 

Renewals cf the State-, cooperative agreements for shipping-point 
inspection of fruits and vegetables were secured in California and Texas. 

Official Certificat i on of Dres sed 

Meats Discus sed at Califor nia . Meet ing. 

Mr. Tenny presided at the open hearing on the tentative cattle and 
beef grades at Portland, Oreg. , and presided at a less fcrnal but better 
attended meeting in Los Angeles where the possibility of official certifi- 
cation of the grade of dressed meats was actively discussed. Among those 
present was one who had attended -the banquet given the night before by 
the Agricultural Section of the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce to Messrs. 
Tenny and Sherman at which the proposed voluntary registration of dealers 
in the fruit and vegetable industry had been the chief topic of discussion 
He advanced the idea that a similar plan could be made effective in the 
meat industry by enrolling retail meat dealers under an honor system which 
would require them to mark meats in accordance with their official gradin 
for the information of their customers. 

The proposed voluntary registration of dealers in the fruit and 
vegetable industry was discussed at numerous other meetings during the 
trip and Mr. Sherman says that it was received everywhere with the warmest 
approval. ...... 

Western Coops Express ■ . • ■ . 

Approval of Department's p lan. 

A number of representatives of Western cooperative associations 
were interviewed and unanimously expressed approval of the proposed 
organization of a Division of Cooperative Marketing in the Department, 
which proposal contemplates a considerable expansion -of our present 
activities in that field as announced in The B. A. E. News of November 3. 

• Mr. Sherman attended the meeting of the Southwest Board of the 
American Railway Association at Little. Rock, November 2h, before return- 
ing to Washington Thanksgiving morning. 

December 1 , 1925 . 

The B. A. E. News 




Highest commendation of the personnel and efficiency of field 
offices was given "by Mr. Tenny upon his return to headquarters last week. 
These offices, he said, are serving the farmer, the man who is dealing 
with the farmer's products, end industry in one form or another. They 
are performing this service most efficiently and have the confidence 
of the people with whom the Bureau is doing business. 



Hearings on the tentative cattle and beef & rades developed by the 
Livestock, Meats and Wool Division will be held in the Assembly Room, 
Record Building, Union Stockyards, Chicago, December U. Mr. Tenny will 
preside and will be assisted by C. V. Yi/halir_, W. C. Davis, C. E. Gibbons 
and L. 3. Burk of the Livestock, Meats and Wool Division. Representatives 
of the livestock and meat industries have been invited to attend and offer 
suggestions end criticisms. This will be the second of a series of hear- 
ings to be held in different sections of the country, the first being held 
at Portland, Oreg. , on October during the week of the Pacific Internation- 
al Livestock Exposition. The next will be in New York City on December l6. 
After the hearings are completed the present grade descriptions on cattle 
and beef will be revised and published as permissive United States standards. 



An agreement has been reached between this Bureau and the Bureau of 
the Census in which it is accepted as a general principle that no statistics 
shall be published by this Bureau covering crop production in 192U and live- 
stock numbers in 1225 differing from those determined by the Census Bureau 
for the same items without there being a conference to smooth out such 
differences. J. A. Becker, of the Division of Crop and Livestock Estimates, 
has been designated contact man for this Bureau for the purpose of adjusting 



From information furnished by divisions, the Editorial Section of 
the Division of Information has compiled a list of manuscripts expected 
to be submitted for publication by this Bureau during the next few months. 
Copies have been sent to administrative officers and division leaders by 
Mr. Marquis in order that any one who has suggestions to make regarding 
any of the subjects outlined may do so while the manuscript is still in 
the process of preparation. 

The B. A. E. News 

Vol. 13, L T o. 22 



The luncheon "by and for the women of the Bureau was a most successful 
affair judging from the many commendations heard from women workers through- 
out our organization. Much credit is due the committee led "by Miss Vance for 
the satisfactory arrangements and our sincere thanks are extended to the guest? 
who contributed to the pleasure of the occasion. For the especially attractive 
decorations we are indebted to Miss Vance and Miss Lee, and for the profusion 
of crysanthemums to Dr. W. A. Taylor, Chief of the Bureau of Plant Industry, 
and J. Wise Brynes of the Greenhouses. 

Miss Clark as chairman of the Women's Council, acted as Toastmistress 
and introduced the speakers each of whom made brief, interesting talks on the 
value of women's contribution to the Bureau. The guests included Mr. and Mrs. 
Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. Tenny, Mr. and Mrs. Marquis, and Mr. and Mrs. Kitchen. 
Owing to pressing matters at the Department of State, Mr. 01 sen found it im- 
possible to be present, much to his and our regret. 

Mr. Cooper, after expressing his pleasure at meeting such a large por- 
tion of the Bureau, stated that he believed that women were peculiarly fitted 
to do public service work. He mentioned particularly their natural loyalty, 
sincerity and perseverance, and referred to the fact that for 15 years a 
certain woman worker no longer in the service but formerly in one of the divi-, 
sions which now forms a part of this bureau had stood out in his mind as em- 
bodying the characteristics he believed were most essential in a satisfactory 
Federal worker. Although executives in most institutions of long standing 
might come and go Mr. Cooper said his experience had been there was usually 
some competent woman worker who persevered at her task regardless of changes 
and on whom the change in administrations depended for continuity in policy, 
knowledge of traditions and trends in the development of the institution. 

Mr.„ Tenny Addresses 

Invisible Audience. 

Mr. Tenny addressed his remarks to what he termed the invisible audience 
having in mind the staff of our field off ices. many of whom he had recently 
visited on his trip. He outlined the many-sided aspects of the Bureau's work 
and reminded his audience of the competitive business conditions with which 
many of our field employees have to meet which are absent from the work of the 
home office, and pointed out how efficient they were in meeting this business 
as proved by the way the big business firms depended absolutely upon the ser- 
vice they gave. 

Mr. Marquis, following instructions which he said he had received 
previously from women in his division, gave a short, spirited talk character- 
ized by jocularity. It was not so much what he said but the way he said it 
that seemed to please his audience. He demonstrated scientifically that 
women in general impart to a business office initiative, snap and decision. 

Mr. Kitchen, speaking preeminently as Business Manager of the Bureau, 
stated that 55f? of the Washington employees and hOjo of the field employees 
are women. Men in Washington are already in the minority, so, he asked, who 
can tell what may happen in the next 10 years. "Perhaps", he said, "we men 
may not have to work at all." He referred to the fact that women were 

December 1, 1925 

The B. A. 33, News 


represented on the Efficiency Committee by one of their number, and stated 
that the formation of the Women's Council had provided a focus through 
which the women personnel of the Bureau could "be reached. Mr. Kitchen 
closed the program "by wishing all a happy Thanksgiving. 

Miss Clark proposed a rising vote of thanks to the speakers, after 
which the guests formed a reception line and personally greeted every 
member of the large group present. 

Echoes from The Luncheon. 

Safety matches conveniently placed on all tables were an economic 
waste. There was no chance for a match. Mr* 01 sen realized at the last 
moment that it was the open season for bachelors but apparently did not 
remember that there is safety in numbers. 

There really was no need for the Chief and Mr. Tenny being as 
scared as they said they were because the hungry horde could see a Kitchen 
at either end of the Banquet Bored. 

It was plain that the luncheon tickled Mr. Marquis' palate because 
his tongue wagged in a most facetious manner. 

We are still wondering What Mr. Tenny and Miss Clark were discussing 
since Mr. Tenny admitted that two heads are better than one - if they are 
red heads. 

As the scene shifted from the City Club to Traffic Court, the judge 
excused the fair trio arrested for overtime parking when he learned that 
the speeches were made by men. 


At the Women's Luncheon there evidently was an exchange of umbrellas, 
as Miss Cooke's umbrella is still missing and Miss Vance has an umbrella in 
her possession which was found a-t the Club after the luncheon. Miss Cooke's 
umbrella is a blue silk one with green plaid border. The initials "B.P.C. n 
are on the inside of the leather strap, and a pair of fabric gloves were 
inside of the parasol. The umbrella Miss Vance found is a blue cotton one 
with wooden handle painted with brown and blue stripes, and has a blue silk 
cord. Every one is asked to look at her umbrella and if you find you did 
take the wrong one, please get in touch with Miss Vance, room 609, Bieber 
Building, telephone 371 . 



As stated in The B. A. S. News of October 20, 1925, this Bureau is 
interested in the work of the Shippers Advisory Boards operated under the 
auspices of the American Railway Association, and desires to render all 
assistance possible in the work of these Boards. Mr. Kitchen points out 
that these Boards are not purely railroad organizations. They are made up 
of shippers, bankers, merchants - business men of all lines - and railroad 
officials. Their object is to promote better undet standing of business 
conditions as they affect transportation and distribution, and to provide' 
a medium for discussing and solving problems of mutual concern, particular- 
ly with respect to transportation service. Probably their most conspicuous 


The B. A. E, News 

Vol. 13, No. 22. 

work thus far has "been in minimizing car shortages, and acquainting rail- 
road officials with the needs of the territories they serve. 

A list of all the branch offices of the Bureau has been furnished 
the American Railway Association. The Association has instructed its 
District Managers to make men in charge of Bureau branch offices members 
"at large" of the respective Boards and assign them to appropriate agri- 
cultural committees. Hen in charge of offices will receive notices of 
the quarterly meetings of the Board in their territory and a certificate 
for half-fare transportation to attend such meetings. .Obviously, all of 
our representatives should not attend these meetings. Ho one should attend 
these meetings, when travel is required, without approval from Washington. 
Information requested by Committee Chairmen should be furnished by mail or ' 
in person when' that is possible. These Boards offer an excellent oppor- 
tunity to bring the work of this Bureau to the attention of a large group 
of business men, and every effort should be made to be of all possible 


Among the accessions to the Bureau Library for the week ending November 27 are; 

Buenos Aires. DirectoriO del mercado de cereales a termino. Memoria, 
192U-25. Buenos Aires, 192U-25. 

Canada. Dept. of labour. Combines investigation act, 1923- Investi- 
gation into alleged combine in the distribution of fruit and 
vegetables. Interim report of commissioner, Feb. IS, 1925. 
Ottawa, F. A. Acland, printer, 1925. 

Demangeon, Albert. The British Empire; a study in colonial geography. 
Tr. by Ernest E. Row... New York, Harcourt, Brace and compay,l925. 

Eelton, R. A. A Christian in the countryside... New York, Cincinnati! 
The Methodist book concern. Cl925] (Rural life series) 

Harvard university. Committee on economic research. The economic cycle; 
its application to buying, selling, production, investments... 
[Cambridge, 1925] 

Mukerjee, Radhakamal. Groundwork of economics... London, New York 
[etc.] Longmans, Green and co., 1925. 

U. S. Bureau of foreign and domestic commerce. 

Trade information bulletin no. 369. Butter and cheese markets in the 
."West Indies by M. A. Wulfert. Nov. 1925. Washington, 1925. 

U. S. Bureau of foreign and domestic commerce. 

Trade promotion series no. 23. Rubber production in the Amazon 
Valley. Washington, 1925. 

Decemher 1, 1925 

The 3. A. E. News 



ly mimeographed- outlines t?he scope of the major activities of the work under 
Mr. Sherman, namely, Standardization, Market news, Inspection and the En- 
forcement of the Standard Container Act, and reports upon progress made 
during 1925. 

Livestock, Meats and Wool conducted "by this Bureau is given in an attractive 
mimeographed bulletin put out by our Livestock Division. It is pointed out 
that our service is one of the most timely and comprehensive market news 
services in the world, 

13. THE LIBRARY SUPRLSi.IENT FOR NOVEMBER is being distributed with this 
issue of The 3. A. E. News. 


With many Bureau officials, including the Chief and the Assistant 
Chiefs, in Chicago, affairs are rather quiet at Washington headquarters. 
Among the meetings in which Bureau officers will participate are: Annual 
Meeting of National Association of Marketing Officials, International 
Livestock Exposition, meeting of the Directors of the International In- 
stitute of Cooperation to determine whether there will be another institute 
next summer, American Society of Anoinal Production, tne semi-annual meeting 
of the National Livestock and Meat Board, the meeting of the Wholesale 
Grass Seed Dealers, and the hearing to be held by this Bureau on tentative 
cattle and beef grades. 

Mr. Tenny gave a brief summary of the final outline of the study 
of the retail meat trade bulletin at the meeting of the National Livestock 
and Meat Board, last Saturday. 

Nils A. Olsen left yesterday to join Secretary Jardine and other 
Government officials wno will attend the conference called in Chicago on 
December 1 to consider ways and means of assisting Iowa farmers in financing 
the orderly marketing of this year's corn crop- Invitations have beer- 
issued to a number of business men, hankers, and farm leaders. 

Mr. Kitchen is Acting Chief. 

H. W. Samson, who is among Bureau officials attending the annual 
meeting of the National Association of Marketing officials at Chicago this 
week, has also been authorized to attend the Virginia and Maryland Horticul- 
tural Society meetings to he held. in the near future. Mr. Samson accompanied 
by L. V. Steere, will gc to the Virginia meeting at Staunton, December 3-10, 
to discuss our foreign work with representative growers and shippers who 
will be in attendance at the gathering. At the Maryland meeting at Baltimore 
on January 5. he will discuss standardization. 

S The B. A. E. News Vol. 13, No. 22. 

W. A. flheeler and C-. A. Collier are representing the Hay, Feed and 
Seed Division at the meetings of the National Association of Marketing 
Officials and the Wholesale Grass Seed Dealers Association at Chicago this 
week. They will go to Minneapolis and Kansas City to confer with represent- 
atives of their division office as well as with representatives of the State 
departments of agriculture and agricultural colleges on hay standardization 
and inspection work. Mr. Collier will also visit Duluth and Pittsburgh to 
develop further the distribution of the grain and hay weekly market reviews. 

E. C-. Boerner left Saturday for Stuttgart, Ark. , New Orleans, Chicago, 
Minneapolis and Duluth to confer with field officials of the Grain Division 
and members of the rice and grain trade concerning questions pertaining to 
standardization of grades for rough rice, milled rice and barley. 

G. C. Edler, of the Hay, Feed and Seed Division, is planning to leave 
Washington December 15 to interview the seed trade regarding seed stock 
records and to enlist their cooperation in the work as well as in furnishing 
reports for seed reporting service, Mr. Edler' s itinerary will include stops 
at Cincinnati, Louisville, Nashville, Indianapolis, Chicago, Kansas City, 
Lawrence, Kans., Sioux City, Omaha, Minneapolis and Milwaukee. 

E. F. Hare, of our Las Cruces, New Mex. office, has been detailed to 
Auburn, Ala. to assist F. W. Gist, Agricultural Statistician, with the cotton 
reports, final revisions of acreage, yield and production of miscellaneous 
crops and livestock estimates during December and January. 

Eendal F. Heatly, Scientific Aid in the Cotton Division, died at a 
local hospital Sunday, a week after he had been operated on for appendicitis. 
The body was shipped yesterday to Lampasas, Texas, for burial, Our sincere 
sympathy is extended to Mrs. Heatly, who less than a year ago came to Wash- 
ington as a bride. 

Miss Alice Micklow, of the Stenographic Section, resigned November 30, 
to accept a secretarial position at the Finland Legation. Our best wishes go 
with her. - 

William Broxton will address the Cold Storage Section of the American 
Warehousemen's Association. at Washington, Wednesday, on "Cold Storage Report- 
ing, Its History and Development and the Methods Used in the Compilation of 
the Data". 

Miss Blanche Wilson, of the Division of Statistical and Historical 
Research, has tendered her resignation effective December 15, to become the 
bride of Harold C. Slade, Assistant Chief Marketing Specialist, Cotton Divi- 
sion. Although no date has been set, it is understood the wedding will take 
place in the near future , 

Dr. 0. E . Baker, Division of Land Economics, spent last week end in 
Sandusky and Tiffin, Ohio. 


November 24, 1925. LIBRARY SUPPIEMEUT 

Features of this Issue: L^zlgLlT. 7 ^ REFERENCE WORK IK IKE 




On December 7th, 1925, the 69th Congress will convene. At that 
time the library will resume the legislative service which was begun by 
the library of the Bureau of Markets and has been continued ever since. 
This service consists in reading and indexing the Congressional Record 
daily for items of interest to the Bureau, the index being circulated to 
the persons concerned, and in keeping on file committee hearings, bills, 
resolutions, etc. 

The Congressional Record is received the first thing each morning. 
It is promptly read for speeches, references to bills, or anything else 
of interest to the Bureau. These items are listed slphabetically^by 
subject in a typewritten list, a copy of which is sent to the office of 
the chief and to Division leaders and others to whose work an ixem may 
pertain. The library would be glad to know of bills in which any office 
is particularly interested so that references to such bills may be called 
to the attention of that office. 

After reading the Record an order is sent to the Division of 
Publications for the bills pertaining to the Bureau's work which were 
introduced or reported the preceding day. V.her the bills ere received 
they are filed in binders with other bills on the same subject. Tnis 
file includes bills as early as the 62 d Congress (1911). The number of 
subjects included has increased constantly with the changing scope of 
the Bureau's work. 

Toward the end of the 57th Congress a ccrd index to the bill file 
was begun. This contains cards giving the title and history of the bills 
which are filed by the Senate and House auripers •- the history being kept 
up to date by the' daily reading of the Record - and a subject index which 
makes it possible to locate bills by subject, short title, or by the 
name of the introducer if the bill comss to be know:: by his name. 

- 2 - 

Hearings of interest to the Bureau are also kept on file in the 
library. Until recently it has been difficult to obtain these promptly 
as there was no way of finding out regularly and promptly when they were 
printed, but through the cooperation of the Library of the Office of the 
Superintendent of Documents it is now possible to check over the hearings 
just printed which they receive ' each week. The hearings are then re- 
quested from the Committee and in this way it is possible to keep the file 
more nearly up to date. 

A complete list of members of the 69th Congress together with a 
statement of the organization of the Senate and the tentative organization 
of the House, are given- in the issue of the Congressional Digest for 
March, 1925, and the December issue will contain the President's message 
and other news of the opening of the session. This magazine is on file 
in the library. 

Miss Emily L. Day (Room 308) is in charge of the legislative work 
and may be called by telephone on Branch 279. 


Agr i cul tur al Hi s to r y. 

The library received during the summer A History of Agriculture in 
Europe and America by Hi. S. B. Gras, Professor of Economic History at the 
University of Minnesota. The title does not give a very definite idea of 
the character of the book. In the preface the author states that "it is 
meant only to describe for general and collegiate use some of the more im- 
portant developments in the history of rural life in Europe and in America." 
It might have been appropriately entitled "A Chapter in the History of Agri- 
culture and Rural Life in Europe and in America." 

The author approaches the subject from the point of view of a general 
economic historian who is interested in agriculture. The first chapter deals 
with the general stages of economic development and the second with the early 
stages of agriculture. These two chapters would fit into the introduction of 
any textbook on economic history. It is of interest, however, to note how the 
author correlates agricultural development with general economic development. 
In general, it may be said that the correlation cf the stages of agricultural 
development with those of the general economic development is the theme which 
forms the thread of unity throughout the book. 

About half of the book is devoted to rural life in Europe. There are 
chapters dealing with Roman agrarian history; the medieval manor; peasant re- 
volts; metropolitan and national economy in England; enclosures, chiefly in 
England; the agricultural revolution, chiefly in England; and the physiocrats - 
agriculture enthroned in France* The subjects of these chapters indicate 
fairly well the scope and character of this part of the book. There is an 
interesting chapter dealing with the history of property in land, which in- 
cludes the land policy and the growth of landlordism in the United States with 
a discussion of property in land in Europe. 

The author's view as to the relation of agriculture to the economic 
development of Europe is very well illustrated in his explanation of the 
cause of the fall of Rome, and later by his discussion of the relation of 
modern agriculture to the metropolitan and national economy in England. 
With reference to Borne he says: |; The immediate issue is, whether Rome fell 
"because agriculture declined or agriculture declined "because Rome fell. It 
seems more likely that the second view is the correct one." Some others 
attribute the fall to the decline in agriculture. Ke admits that changes 
in agriculture. contributed to the decline hut states that, "Fundamen tally, 
however, it seems that agriculture drew, hack into a clam-like seclusion, 
changed from commercial to subsistence agriculture, "because the Roman Empire 
was a dying institution... "when towns decayed the Empire declined. And with 
them agriculture descended to its lowest depths." In the discussion of the 
development of metropolitan and national economy in England, the author 
presents the effect of the growth of a large city or metropolitan center 
upon agriculture. This is one of the most interesting chapters in the hook. 
In it he shows how the growth of a city together with improved facilities 
for transportation and communication, develops a market for an ever widening 
area of agricultural production. This "brings many farmers into competition 
and tends to develop high degrees of specialization. As the metropolitan 
center "begins to draw products from areas heyond the national houndaries, a 
conflict of interest arises between the domestic agricultural producers and 
the consumers in the city. Earm producers want protection while city con- 
sumers want free trade. The great issue becomes "whether the nation shall 
he agricultural, industrial, or maintain a balance." According to the author 
the growth of the city is the dynamic factor in the development which he 
describes. Others would emphasise the importance of improvements in agri- 
cultural production and in transportation as factors in the growth of the 
ci ty. 

Readers will find something of interest in the discussion of the 
history of American agriculture. In this section, as in the European section, 
the development of agriculture is described by stages. There is a little 
more description of agriculture and of agricultural operations than is to be 
found in the European section. Social and political aspects of our agricul- 
tural development receive much more attention than the technical or economic 
aspects. In the summary the author says: "In material aspects, American agri- 
culture has been a success, though not an unqualified success; in higher things, 
it has been a failure, an almost unqualified failure." This is a challenging 
note. The author further says: "The future rests with the new business- type of 
farmer who may emancipate the countryside from its parasitic dependence on the 
town and give it pride in its own inherent wealth and beauty." 

In conclusion it may be said that the reader who is looking for a 
consecutive story of agricultural development, including the progress of 
agricultural technique, changes in volume or character of production, or 
methods of marketing will be disappointed, but the reader who is interested 
in the social and political aspects of rural life will find many interesting 
chapters in this book. 0. C. Stine . 280 G76 

The History of Agriculture in the Northern United States, 1620-1850, 
by Percy V», Bidwell and J. I. Falconer , will be reviewed in the next issue 
of the Library Supplement. 

- 4 - 

Switzerland :*•* .. ' ' '.. • C . 

' * " • • * ' - 

Economie Burale de la Petite et Moyenne Culture, by Dr. ^Ernest Laur, 
director- of the Union Suisse, des Pay sans and professor in the Ecole Polytech- 
nique Fe&erale of Switzerland, has "been received in the library. This is the 
first edition in French (1924). of this work, the German edition of which has 
"been used as a textbook since-- 1906 in Swiss schools of agriculture. 

* ThS'aim of the hook is to smooth the path of the student of agriculture, 
by familiarizing him with the - background and the nomenclature of his chosen 
profession, and-- to sugge s t to the agriculturist methods whereby he may make 
his work more productive and. more profitable,. 

The evolution of agriculture from the very primitive conditions of 
the stone age to the highly developed systems which form part of the world 
economy of the present day is very briefly traced. The- fundamental principles 
of political economy are : outlined and discussed, and a brief sketch is given of 
the present economic regime which 1 is characterized by specialization^ and inter- 
dependence of units. Agriculture and agricultural economics are defined and 
the contributing factors- of agricultural production -such as nature; labor; 
capital, including land, buildings, stock, equipment.- are enumerated and dis- 
cussed; ■ * ..,.:.:'•.-■„ 

Chapter 3 is devoted to a discussion of the component factors of agri- 
cultural enterprise, the procuring of the necessary capital and credit, the. 
choice and purchase of the farm, its organization, equipment, and cultivation, 
and the necessity for personal, intelligent, and detailed supervision on the 
part of the farmer* :o . - . . 

Marketing problems are briefly dealt with. including. transportation, coop- 
eration, tariff, monopoly and other conditions that influence prices. The. 
success of the whole. enterprise is measured by the return it brings to the owner. 
Gross and net receipts are, distinguished, and attention is drawn to the economic 
revenue by which is meant the return to the farmer * to the state, and to any 
others concerned. ; 

Finally, it is pointed Out that in Switzerland even the very small 
farmer has been able by rigid economy to save a- .small, proportion of his- earn- 
ings, a fact which augurs well for the future prosperity of the country. 
A.M. Hannay. 281 L37E • ' , ••. 


An,glo-American Trade • .- 

The Development of the Organization of Anglo-American Trade 1800-1850, 
by Horman Sydney Buck, Assistant Professor- ' of- Political. Economy at Yale, has 
been received in the Bureau library. The author states in the preface that, 
he believes that one of the needs of the present time is a better understand- 
ing of the origin of our business organization, its forms and its functions. 
He thinks also that far too little attention has, in the past, been paid to 
the period under discussion and that he will, have .rendered a service if he 
succeeds in stimulating ' further research and investigation. Tnere^is a 
chapter on the British Cotton Market, and another on the- Organization of the 
American Cotton Trade. The bibliography is of much interest. 277 B85 

A Balanced Economic System 

Thomas Nixon Carver is the author of a new "book recently received in the 
library entitled The Present Economic Revolution in the United States (Boston, 
Little, .Brown & Co. ,,.1925) The author dedicates the book "To those steady 
minds that have never lost their faith in the possibility of equality under 
liberty, nor been willing to accept equality without liberty, nor liberty with- 
out equality, as the final goal of democracy." The general editor, Henry Bass 
Hall writes as follow.s in the foreword; 

"The economic changes now occurring in the United States are signifi- 
cant in their relation to the whole history of western Civilization - as sig- 
nificant perhaps as the Industrial Revolution in England at the close of the 
eighteenth century. It is not mere chance that this present revolution is tak- 
ing place in the United .Sta.tes before it begins anywhere else. Our stage was 
set for it in 1388. We were then the youthful giant in industry.., Our immense 
industrial population was earning more in purchasing power than the industrial- 
ists of any other country. ■ 

"During' the next thirty years this economic prosperity was not only main- 
tained s but the discrepancy between earnings abroad and in the United States 
even increased, so' that in the second quarter of the twentieth century, our 
people find themselves amazingly better off than those of other lands... 
What is the result?- It is a change in social and economic conditions undreamed 
of even by our leaders of a single generation back." 

Dr. Carver writes as follows: "Just what is going on in this country 
at the present time? wealth is not only increasing at a rapid rate, but the 
wages of those we formerly pitied are rising, laborers are becoming capitalists, 
and prosperity is being more and more widely diffused, he are approaching 
equality of prosperity more rapidly than most people realise, Ififhat is equally 
important, we are working out this diffusion of prosperity for all classes with- 
out surrendering the principle of liberty which is embodied in modern democratic 
insti tutions. .. Just what is meant by economic equality? There are several 
different ideas. The most general and at the same time the most practical idea 
is equality of prosperity among occupations. Within a given occupation there may 
be great differences of prosperity, owing to differences in industry, personal 
skill, intelligence or training... There are real inequalities as between occu- 
pations, but these inequalities are in the main due to -the congestion of certain 
occupations or the over-supply of men in them and the scarcity of men in other 
occupations. For forty years preceding the Great War we were importing manual 
laborers, literally by the millions. We were not importing any very large number 
of employers or capitalists. This alone tended to increase the competition for 
jobs in the manual trades and to increase the opportunities for employers to get 
laborers at low wages. 

"While all these factors are to be taken into account in trying to deter- 
mine whether there is equality of prosperity among the different occupations, 
and while there will always be difference of opinion as to whether such equality 
actually exists or not, there can be no doubt that such equality is desirable 
if it can be attained. It has always been the dream cf real Americans that we 
should achieve this type of equality... No one who really understood the American 
people ever doubted that this was a genuine ideal or that it amounted to a 
passion with many of our ancestors... 

- 6 - 

"In the main, the policies of the government were gradually brought 
into harmony with this noble ideal. The development of our public land 
policy is a case in point. It began as a means of replenishing an empty 
treasury, but it rapidly grew into a plan for giving free homesteads to all 
citizens who cared to settle on public land and build themselves farms and 
homes. Land was early made a merchantable commodity, entailed estates were 
made impossible in the lands that once belonged to the Federal Government, 
and most of the original thirteen States followed the national policy. Our 
system of free popalar education is another case... : 

"One of the means of creating a balanced industrial system is undoubt- 
edly an effective system of popular education. One of its chief functions, 
in an unbalanced industrial system, is to train people so that they may avoid 
the overcrowded and poorly paid occupations and enter the uncrowded and well- 
paid occupations. , . 

"To summarize, it is the opinion of the present writer that a balanced 
industrial system would produce four important results: First, it would equalize 
prosperity among different occupations, though not among different individuals 
within the same occupation. Second, it would equalize bargaining power as be- 
tween classes of bargainers, though individual differences- in bargaining power 
would remain.. Third, it would tend to diffuse power as well as prosperity among 
all classes, giving those who follow one trade or occupation approximately as 
much control over business as would be possessed by those who follow any other 
occupation. Fourth, it would work a profound change in our educational system 
by relieving it of what is now one of its chief functions, namely, that of re- 
distributing our population occupationslly by training men to avoid the over- 
crowded and to seek the uncrowded occupations." 280 C25R 

Biogr aphy - Felix Renick 

Professor Charles Sumner plumb of the Ohio State University wrote a 
sketch of the life of Felix Renick, which was printed in the Ohio Archaeolog- 
ical and Historical Quarterly in January, 1924. It has since been reprinted 
as a pamphlet and is now in the library. Felix Renick was a notable figure 
in the pioneer days of Ohio and performed a great service to agriculture by 
the improvements he made in American shorthorn cattle. 120 R29 

Biography - Thomas Dekker 

Thomas Dekker was born in London about 1570. He was a writer of 
plays which portrayed the economic conditions of his time' to a remarkable 
degree. He also wrote many pamphlets which .showed the agrarian situation 
and its attendant miseries during the reigns of Elizabeth and James I. 
He was especially concerned with the enclosure evils. The library has 
recently acquired the doctor's thesis of Kate L. Gregg, entitled Thomas 
Dekker: A Study in Economic and Social Backgrounds (Univ, of Washington 
publications. Language and literature v. 2, no. 2, July, 1924.) 120 L36 

Flexible Tariff in England, 1841 . 

Foreign Corn; The Cost Price of Producing Wheat in Some Foreign Coun- 
tries is the title of a pamphlet recently acquired by the library. It bears 
the date 1841 and is a plea that in the political crisis in which Englishmen 

■« 7 *»' 

found themselves at that date they exercise their judgment in action and not iifc 
talk. The author contends that the point at issue was not free trade "abstract- 
edly admitted to be a correct principle on every side, but the quantity and the 
extent of protection which our interests require... The principle of protection 
to agriculture as well as to everything else in need of protection being fully 
conceded by Ministers to their opponents, the question at issue between the two 
parties refers to the extent of its application and not to its truth... 

"This may not be the fittest opportunity to discuss the merits of the 
present sliding scale of duties, or to point out how well adapted it is to defeat 
the professed object of its operation; but he who maintains that the lowering of 
the duty at the inverse ratio of price is a wrong principle, either has not be~ 
stowed sufficient attention to the subject, or has lost the fair exercise of his 
reason from political excitement. To say that the principle of a sliding scale 
is, in itself, adapted to cause large and rapid fluctuations, is just as absurd 
as to hold, that the use of a make-weight is calculated to destroy equilibrium. 
If to a price which has risen high from natural causes, is added a duty, whether 
fixed or otherwise, whether moderate or not, there can be no question that said 
price will be higher. On the contrary, if a high duty be added to a low price, 
the protection will be effectual; and in either case the tendency of the sliding 
scale is to maintain steadiness, as far as it is possible, to keep steady the 
price of an article, more liable than any other to the vicissitudes of seasons. 
Even the present law, defective as it now is held to be on all sides, has, to 
some extent, checked fluctuation; and ha,s, since its enactment, kept the extreme 
prices of corn within narrower limits than those of coffee, sugar, cotton, and 
even iron, the last, of which has nothing to do with the ste.te of the atmosphere." 
An interesting detailed statement is given showing the "Invoice cost of 175 
Kotsersh of first sort Polish wheat, bought within the district of Balta, 
Government of Podolia, in the Ukeraine, carried by oxen or by horses to Odessa, 
and thence shipped to the Port of London." 284.3 176. 

Handbook of Economics 

John A. Todd, the well known English authority on cotton statistics, 
is the author of The Science of Prices; A Handbook of Economics, recently 
received in the library. The author calls the work "a text-book. .. dealing 
with the general theory of Economics - the Theorjr of Value." He also says 
that his "first object is to make plain to his readers what Economics is, 
namely, the systematic study of their ordinary business and social relations, 
in the world in which they make and spend their money. The essential point 
is to make it clear that there is a science of everyday life; "that life is 
not merely a chaotic welter of brute force, euphemistically called Competition, 
but that the modern individualist system is really a system which has on the 
whole, during the past century and a half, worked for the good of the one 
class of the community to which all belong, namely, the consomers. i/Yhile 
industrialism brought great evils in its train, it is now certain that many 
of these evils are not inherent in the system, but can and will be eliminated, 
9r at least greatly modified, as the world gets to understand the system 

11 The next point is to show the student how to apply the principles of 
this sytem to the conditions of his own life; he must learn how to handle 
everyday problems, where to get hold of the facts, and how to test and prove 
them. Economic materials are often in the form of statistics, which are no 

less useful as a safeguard" against the danger of hasty generalisations than 
they are dangerous as pitfalls to the unwary or prejudiced. The statistics 
given in the Appendix are therefore meant as examples v 'to. be used in teaching 
the student how to handle statistics. In the same way some'- outlines of the 
historical side of Economics have "been included, simply as an' illustration 
of the fact that every economic problem' has a history, and to show the student 
where such history may be found, and how it is to be handled and studied." 
284.3 T5S- • * V' " /' '' 

John Galsworthy on Government Uheat Control ' 

The Living Age for Oct„ 31, 1925, reprints two articles from the London 
Times for Sept. 20 and Sept. 27 respectively. The first is by Sir Philip 
Gibbs under the title Is England' Done? and the second by John Galsworthy is 
headed A Negative Answer. Both authors agree that the state" of England is 
indeed "parlous" and John Galsworthy thinks that the- war has not so much pro- 
duced as revealed this state. He also thinks that England will never again be 
able to compete with Europe as she did - in fact that economically she is now 
divorced from Europe. He thinks that England's hope lies outside Europe in the 
markets of countries' where" English standards of wages and living prevail - in 
America and the British Coianonwealth of : Nations. He thinks that conditions can 
be remedied only by national unity in big measures definitely adopted and long 
sustained, ■ Tinkering is not only idle, • it 1 s stupid. He conceives that there 
are two underlying measures'. of remedy. The' first is the expansion of emigration 
to the Dominions (as to the methods' of which he has some interesting ideas). 
The second is that the Government' should control wheat, "should take over all 
dealings in wheat, purchasing' at world-price all the overseas wheat needed by 
our population? purchasing also all home' grown wheat at a price such as tempts 
the farmer to grow it, and selling it - to the public at the average between the 
two prices. Considering that since the war the price of the quartern loaf has 
remained very much the same, while the price of wheat has varied between eighty 
shillings and forty-two shillings per quarter, this would not raise the price 
of bread, but it would, year by year,- raise the acreage under' wheat. On the 
increase of the acreage under 'wheat depends the growth of agriculture as a 
whole; make' wheat securely profitable once more and all else shall be added unto 
it... You cannot play fast and loose with farming, as was done after the war; 
policy mist be continuous and mast guarantee reasonable profit to the reasonable 
farmer... Certainty of profit' alone will cause recovery;' and recovery in agri- 
culture... is an absolute necessity for England' now. 11 Pamp. coll. England. ■■ 

Marketing Agricultural Products ■*;• • 

(1) Prof. James - E. Boyle of Cornell is the' author of a volume entitled 
Marketing of - Agricultural products (McGraw-Hill Buck Co., 1925) recently re- 
ceived in the library.- The -author,' in the preface, states that the purpose of 
the bock is (1) to set forth the so-called fundamental principles of marketing 
and (2) to present the efforts and achievements in putting these principles 
into effect. First place in the book is given to consumer demand, because ■ the 
author feels that 'this is the correct starting point for the study of agricul- 
tural marketing. '•'Stress is naturally laid on quality and standardization of 

- 9 

product. The author holds that there is no way to get a good price for a poor 
product. A great deal of attention is paid to our present large cooperative 
movement and both its advantages and limitations are ... pointed out." 280.3 B69 

(2) John Truman Horner, Professor of Economics at the Michigan State 
College, is the author of a volume recently received in the library entitled 
Agricultural Marketing. It is one of the new Wiley Agricultural Series, edited 
by J. G. Lipman of Rutgers College, New Jersey, and published by John Wiley & 
Sons, Inc. , New York. In the preface the author states the scope of the volume 
as follows: 

"There have been, two outstanding methods of presenting the problem of 
marketing: one is an explanation of the different agencies or the market 
machine; the .other, an explanation of the market services. No single treatise 
on marketing can possibly cover the entire field... This book is an attempt 
to shed some light upon the problem in which so many, of us are interested. 
It is not a complete discussion of the subject, but rather, it is hoped, 
a contribution which will aid the student and the general reader to secure a 
better understanding of the economics of marketing... In this book, no at- 
tempt has been made to explain the existing market machinery, to give statis- 
tics as to market costs, to make the treatment all-inclusive, or to deal with 
agricultural cooperation. Special emphasis has been placed upon the problems 
of demand, producing for the market, market wastes, and the economic bases 
of the marketing services." < 280.3 H78 

Mexic o : 

The University of Texas Studies in History no. 2 is entitled Some 
Aspects of the Agrarian Question in Mexico. The author is Helen Phipps 
who writes in the preface "The present work is not an attempt to consider 
the origin and development of the agrarian problem of Mexico in detail. 
It represents merely an effort to ascertain, from a survey of the economic 
institutions of the country, some of the causes for the turbulence of its 
history since the separation from Spain. Political issues do not sufficiently 
explain the state of upheaval which - with the exception of the thirty years 
or so of outward calm during the presidency of Porfirio Diaz - prevailed in 
Mexico for a century and more after 1810. 

"Since the acute agrarian situation that existed in 1910 had developed 
principally during the period subsequent to the attainment of independence, 
it may seem that an unduly large proportion of space has been devoted to the 
colonial era. The explanation of the apparent disproporti n in treatment is 
to be found in the persistence Of colonial institutions that during three 
centuries had become firmly incorporated in the life of the people, and also 
in the lasting influence of those institutions upon the entire economic history 
of the country. How deepl^r rooted they are is evident from the fact, for ex- 
ample, that within the present decade it has been found advisable after a 
century of experimentation to re-establish in Mexico, at least temporarily, 
some features of the system of land tenure that existed under Spanish rule." 
282 P55 

- 10 - 

Frof its ,;• . - 

The library has received profits by William Trufant Foster and 
Waddill Caterings, one of the publications of the Pollak Foundation for* 
Economic Be 'search* The author's write as follows in the preface; "Why must 
industry as a whole slow. 'down because; of" 'overproduction, ' when millions 
are suffering from 'underconsumption?'... The main reason, plainly, is that 
in ..aYpe'riod of increased productivity the time soon comes when the people 
v?ho want the goods which have already been produced lack the money wherewith 
to buy 'them,'; This answer, however, merely brings us to another question, 
and one which appears to baffle the entire financial and industrial world:' 
What causes this deficiency of purchasing power?... The concluding section 
of this book. is an attempt to answer that question. The answer is based 
no less on Money, a book issued two years ago by the Pollak Foundation for 
Economic Research, than on Parts 1 to IV of Profits... All that we have 
said in Money and in profits leads to this main conclusion: Through no fault 
of any one class or any one agency, the established and approved methods of 
financing increased production and accumulating savings prevent the progress 
which o'therwise might readily be made toward higher standards of living. The 
reason is partly because the total disbursements of industry in a period 
of expansion' at first yield consumers more than enough money, and presently 
much less than enough money, to buy the additional output at the prevailing 
price-level; and partly because consumers, under the necessity of saving, 
do not spend even as much as they receive. The inevitable result is over- 
production or, a.s we prefer to call the malady, 'underconsumption. 1 Wherefore 
producers as a whole, in a money and profit economy, have no choice; they must 
curtail production* Thus prosperity engenders depression; and there is no 
possibility of sustained progress toward achieving the material basis for high- 
er standards of living. What is the way out? That question will be uppermost 
in the minds of most readers; and they will be disappointed, no doubt, because 
we do not ofi'er a definite answer. We venture no such answer at this time, 
partly because we regard an understanding of the problem as the first need; and 
we want nothing to stand in the way of an unbiased consideration of the problem 
itself... Moreover, the best way is not likely to be discovered until statistical 
research has made further progress in various directions... Par-reaching changes 
in the established order are sure to come, for the people are and ought to be 
dissatisfied. Moreover, they are becoming increasingly aware of their political 
power, and they are giving more and more thought to economic problems. Measures 
are sure to be taken for the purpose of removing the unquestionable defects 
of the present money and profit economy. The only question is whether these 
measures shall be' taken intelligently." 

It is of interest to note that the authors have offered a prize of $5,000* 
for the best adverse criticism of their book. 280 P81 

Standards of Living 

Social and Economic Standards of Living is the title of a book recently 
received whose author is Theresa S. McMahon, Assistant Professor of Economics 
at the University of Washington. A few excerpts from the last chapter follow: ' 

"The evolution of social standards of living not only shows a shifting 
of social power, depending upon the changes made in wealth ownership, but the 

- 1.1 - 

increasing democratization of the higher social standards themselves. This 
has been brought about, as" we have seen, by an increase in general wealth, 
and by the breaking down of social barriers through successful imitation.. . 

"Some people see in the development of the democratization of social 
standards of living, the establishment of a political and industrial democracy. 
This supposition meets with decided obstacles. While political and industrial 
democracy may be attained, the realisation of a social democracy will be effec- 
tively thwarted by the erection of new standards of social valuation. People 
do not want social democracy. The instinctive proclivity of men for emulation 
will cause them to seek new avenues of expression with the democratization of 
the old. . s 

"A somewhat similar evolution will take place in the development of 
economic standards of living. We have seen how low standards were upheld as 
a means of promoting the greatest possible output in production goods. Next 
came the recognition of the need of feeding, clothing, and housing men and 
their families adequately to maintain, or to increase, their physical efficiency. 
At the present time the mental needs of the workingmen are taken into consider- 
ation. The motive force is the desire for profits. There are exceptional cases, 
it is true, where men are prompted by a desire to promote a greater degree of 
distributive justice, but in a competitively organized industrial society 
they constitute a minority. 

"Economic standards of living have been set up, for the most part, Dy 
the employing classes, and the social scientists have cooperated with them in 
so far as they saw prospects of bettering the wage and working conditions of 
the working people. As economists, they were forced to acknowledge the impor- 
tance of an increased production in order to make possible a fuller and better 
life for all, and when consumption of certain commodities whose significance 
was wholly social - using social in its narrower sense - implied decreased 
work efficiency, they realized that the productive loss was of national con- 
cern. For in its last analysis the promotion of the general welfare rests 
directly on the productive capacity of the nation. When a surplus is attained 
over and above what is necessary to maintain the physical efficiency of the 
people, two fundamental problems present themselves. The first calls for the 
distribution of the wealth produced; a distribution which will make possible 
the maintenance of the individual's work efficiency; and second, the distribu- 
tion of the surplus so as to promote the greatest possible well-being. 

"How is this to be brought about? In countries where the political 
power rests primarily in the hands of an hereditary governing class, a program 
for social betterment of the conditions of living of the people calls only for 
the enlightenment of the few who impose their will upon the many^ A benevo- 
lent paternalism is thus attained. 

"But where the political power is widely diffused among the people, 
a program of action to be effective must rest on the will of the people. 
The history of social legislation, having as its goal the regulation of 
work conditions, the protection of the weak in their various social re- 
lationships, and the setting up of educational standards, clearly shows the 
evolutionary development of a public mind. , . 

"With the increasing diffusion of social control, - effective con- 
trol rather than nominal, - there will be an apparent temporary lowering of 
social standards, using the term now in its broader sense of including only 
general well-being, rather than the standards cf emulation of a class — 
But when it comes to the question of a wide range of knowledge essential to 

- 12 - 

the intelligent direction of the ideals of a people,... the new control will 
necessarily reflect a lower level of intelligence. For a time the trial and 
error -method may prevail, tc he superseded later "by a delegated control to 
a new' social leadership ~ the leadership of those who "by virtue of their 
achievements are accepted as guides in the attainment of the common goal.'* 1 
284.4 M22 

War 'and the Price of Wheat 

A pamphlet hearing a London imprint and the date of 1800, whose author 
is J. Brand, has been recently received in the library. Its title is: "A De~ 
termi nation of the Average Depression of the Price of Wheat in War Below that 
of the Preceding Peace; end of its Readvance in the following; According to its 
Yearly Rates from the Revolution to the End of the Last Peace; with Remarks on 
their Greater Variations in that Intire Period." Tables are given which show 
the price of wheat for each year from 1688 to 1798, part of these being taken 
from Adam Smith's Wealth of IJations by Rev. S. Hodson who copied and continued 
them in the appendix to his sermon on Bearness Occasioned by Scarcity not 
Monopoly. This "sermon 11 is often quoted throughout the pamphlet. The following 
is taken from it; "Until the year 1765 we had a great export trade of corn; 
since the year 1771 a constant import has been necessary for our supply; in the 
interval, the balance of import and export may be supposed to have been 
fluctuating... Prom what is stated the conclusion is, that the effect of war is 
to reduce the price of wheat; and it is probable . . by parity of reason, that of 
all the prime necessaries of life which are riot directly taxed. . And that the 
prices of wheat have exhibited in the time of no war any appearance of being 
affected by the circuitous effect of any taxes it has brought upon us." 284»3 
B733. ■ 

Why You r Pood Costs Here 

Extracts from the findings and recommendations of the Royal Commission 
on Pood Prices (Great Britain) have been printed in a small handy-sized vol- 
ume entitled Why Your Pood Costs More (Scientific Press Ltd. .London) The 
commission recommended that there should be "an organ of the State with stat- 
utory powers permanently in being to watch over the supply of wheat, flour, 
bread and meat 1 ' - this body to be called the Pood Council* The Pood Council 
should not be a new Department of State with a considerable staff. Instead 
it would consist of twelve members and would absorb the existing Pood Depart- 
ment of the Board of Trade and would report to the President of the Board of 
Trade who would be responsible to Parliament for its actions. 284.3 6794. 


Trie English L a nd Sy stem 

Sir Henry Rew is the author of an article in the Edinburgh Review for 
October, 1925, which is entitled Our Changing Land System,. In it, Sir Henry 
surveys not only the English land system from the earliest to the present time' 
but also the literature of the subject including four volumes published in 
1925; Land Tenure and Unemployment, by prank Geary, The Land and Its People, by 

«* 13 .* 

Lord Ernie, The Tenure of Agricultural Land, by C. S. Orwin and W. R. Peel of 
Cambridge, and England on the Eve of the Industrial Revolution, "by L. W. Moffit. 
The author writes as follows; 

"The English land system, like the English constitution, is the product 
of political and social evolution. Revolutionary change has been covered "by 
formal continuity, and things which are radically altered have retained their 
original names. The manor of the twelfth century was essentially unlike that of 
the twentieth century, but its external structure, in a large measure, survives. 
A different soul inhabits the same body. The metamorphosis has been so gradual 
that the process at any given time has been almost imperceptible. Each succeed- 
ing generation has believed its position to be static, and it is only in retro- 
spect that movement can be discerned. It is evident, on a survey of the past, 
that development has been progressive and persistent, and it is wo»th while <o 
attempt to distinguish the direction in which it is proceeding at the present 
time . " 

The Farmer's Future 

An interview with Secretary Hoover is reported by John E. Eennelly 
in Commerce and Finance for Hov. 18, 1925, under the title Viihat of the Farmer's 
Future? The following extract is taken from it: "Secretary Hoover's pro- 
gram for helping the farmer is based upon three simple fundamentals: a pro- 
gram that is entirely free from legislative panaceas, and which depends chiefly 
upon the healing effect of slow time. First, the elimination of unwieldy sur- 
pluses through the dissemination of crop statistics to the farmers, and the 
development of co-operative marketing; second, the maintenance of protective 
tariff schedule for agriculture; and third, the opening up of our inland water- 
ways so as to bring the producer closer to the consumer. The first proposition 
of this trinity, namely, the attainment of independence through the control of 
production, is the most important of all, but it is an achievement that can only 
be reached by slow steps which may require many years... The Secretary emphasized 
the fact that, by control of production, he does not mean the establishment of 
agricultural monopolies... In the last analysis Mr.- Hoover does not think that 
any agricultural monopoly can be permanently successful. 'Any attempt to in- 
crease prices of perishables over fair levels immediately results in a 
in consumption; and in all agricultural commodities higher than fair prices at 
once stimulate production. There can never be a. combination of farmers that can 
rob the public. 1 " 

Wheat Marketing 

John M. Chapman, Professor of Finance at Columbia University, is the 
author of two articles on the financing of wheat, in the Harvard Business Re- 
view for July and October respectively. The articles deal with the problems 
involved in financing the crop after the wheat lias been delivered to the 
country elevator or warehouse by the grower. Tne second of the two articles 
deals with the remedies or proposals designed to assist the farmer, among them 
cooperative marketing. 

; : ;4 14- ^w.r 

O-i&e, Charles : " "' '•• • '••■■••• '.■>■.::' • . . : ■-, 

Les consequences de • la'hauejs'e- "das' pri'x au 'ptfiii<b d©;:,vue .-.national,, moral 
et intellectual,. v- (Seme d'Ec'onomle Politique,.' v...- 39; .mo.* 4", , July/ Aug, ■ 1325, 
p.. 801-812$^ /;;'._ ■ ' : > [■ ■■',J : J:, i 

. The author' -drStingxiishes "between what he call.©; the natural increase in 
prices,, and. the", prtificial. ' The first result's from economic causes only as the 
inoreas£*%n"' population, the multi plication of needs, ; the- 1 increase in wealth, 
alj^of. which^are; in the 'natural order of events in a' prosperous country.. The 
artificial increase in prices results from ' inflation only, that is to say from, 
^he voluntary increase in money. 

Hugh e s , E dwar d. 

The- English monopoly of salt in the years 1563-71. (English Historical 
Review, v. 40, no. 159, July 1925, p. 334-350) ' 

' !' v i 

McBrien, D. D, ' ' . ' 

Economic content' of early Mormdn doctrine (Southwestern political and. 
social science quarterly^ v.' 6, no. '2, Sept. , 1925, p. 179-191) 

Mitchell, E. W . L. 

The financing and marketing ! qf ' the, Niagara fruit crop, (Journal of the 
Canadian Bankers 1 Association v. 32, rlo. 4, July, 1925, p. 445-44 9) 

An account of the "experiences' of the Niagara Peninsula Growers, Limited, 
in marketing . their fruit crop. The "author thinks' that this is probably the 
most important attempt- that has yet "been 1 made to establish the cooperative move- 
ment as applied to the fruit industry in • Canada. 

Municipal Research Bureau of Cleveland, • ' 1 • 

A report .upon the operation of the municipal markets of the city of 
Cleveland. July, 1924. 280.3 M92 : - ' ■'■ ■-■ ' : 

The South American west' coast; ah economic and ■ financial survey of 1 1 
Chile, Bolivia, and Peru, Published hy the Commission on Commerce and Marine 
of the American Bankers' Association. 1925, 255 Am3S 

teller, Arthur. . .. 

The agriarian' reform in Esthonia from the legal point of view. 1922. 

282.' W45 ' • ' \ xSfifr if* ■ '■' ■ X [ 

bureau of Agricultural Economics. 


December 3, 1925. 



The seventh annual meeting of the National Association of Marketing 
Officials is reported to have been one of the Association's very best meetings 
both from the point of attendance and scope of discussion. A spirit of 
agreement prevailed throughout the gathering. 

Met. Cooper spoke at the joint banquet of Marketing Officials and 
Commissioners and Secretaries of Agriculture. In discussing the trend of 
marketing work, the Chief said that public service work is supposed to be 
responsive to public opinions but must carry on basic activities so that 
changes are made slowly* Economic work has passed through its experimental 
stage, he believes, and can now lay down the more fcndanental principles on 
which it is to develop. The present need is for more information and such 
legislation as the purnell Act is in that direction. The Purnell Act was 
mentioned several times as the outstanding piece of legislation of the year. 

Other Bureau officials who made addresses or took part in the informal 
discussions included: Messrs. Ter.ny, Swartbout, Tolloy, W« 0, Davis, Eunter 
Marquis, Wheeler, Samson Stillwell, and Hulbert. 

W. A. Munson, of Boston, was elected President, and F. 3. Bomberger, 
of College Park, Lid., re-elected Secretary-Treasurer. Mr. Cooper is an 
ex officio member of the Executive Committee . A special committee with 
Prof. J. T. Horner, of Michigan, as chairman, was appointed to consider re- 
search oroblems, and the three members selected to see that marketing men are 
represented at the next radio conference, either national or State, are: 
P. 3. Bomberger, 3. 3. Jones and J. Austen Hunter. 

After the meeting on Wednesday, a number of our men made a tour of the 
new South 7/ater market. 



The American Institute of Cooperation will hold its second session at 
the University of Minnesota during the summer of 1926. This decision was 
reached at a meeting of the General Assembly and the Board of Directors of 
the Institute held at Chicago, December 2. Messrs. Tenny, Marquis and 
Christensen attended. 



The crop report scheduled for release on 'Wednesday, December l6, at 
k p.m. will be released on Tuesday, December 22, at h p.m., and the report 
scheduled for release on Priday, December IS, at 3 p.m. will be relased 
instead on Thursday, December 2U, at 12 o'clock noon. 


The B.A.E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 23. 

The December 22 report will cover acreage, production, and value, 
December 1, of corn, winter wheat, spring wheat, oats, barley, rye, buck- 
wheat, flaxseed, rice, potatoes, sweet potatoes, hay, clover seed, tobacco, 
sorgo for sirup, sugar cane, sugar beets, dry edible beans, grain sorghums, 
broomcorn, peanuts, cowpeas, soy beans, velvet beans, hops, and commercial 
truck crops; production and value of apples, peaches, pears, grapes, 
oranges, and cranberries; also reports for certain States on preliminary 
estimates or production of oranges, lemons, limes, and grapefruit. 

The December 2^ report will cover acreage and condition of fall- 
sown winter wheat and rye for harvest in 1926. 

The above changes in dates are necessary so that the Crop Reporting 
Board may have additional time to analyze the results of the 192U .census 
of agriculture in arriving at its revisions of acreage, production and 
value of all crops for that year. The report on acreages sown to winter 
wheat and rye in the fall of 1925 is postponed in order that it may be 
properly related to the revised acreage for 192*4. 



An agreement has been completed between the Agricultural and 
Mechanical College of Texas and this Bureau whereby E. 0. Pollock, Assistant 
Professor of Agronomy at the College, will also be supervising inspector 
for the hay inspection work of the Hay, Feed and Seed Division of this 
Bureau. A new supervision division, composed cf the States of Texas, New 
Mexico and Arizona, has been made and Mr. Pollock will hereafter be in charge 
of that Division with headquarters at College Station, Texas. The new 
division is needed on account of the large increase in the Federal hay super- 
vision work-in the Southwest. 



During the past year various field representatives of the Bureau 
have cooperated to some extent with the Advisory Eoards conducted under the 
auspices of the American Railway Association. This cooperation has been 
chiefly in the nature of furnishing data upon request. Recently a closer 
contact with these Boards has been established and more frequent and active 
participation in their work and attendance at. their quarterly meetings are 
being undertaken. As previously announced, the Bureau 1 s contact with the 
American Railway Association and the fourteen Advisory Boards is directed 
through a committee consisting of Messrs. Sherman, Callander, Shoup, and 
Kitchen. In order that this committee may be kept closely in touch with 
the extent of this cooperation, it is requested that a carbon copy of 
letters written to the Association, Advisory Boards, or chairmen of 
committees responsible to these Boards, be sent to Mr. Kitchen. When 
assistance is given or subjects discussed in conference, a brief report 
of such conference should be sent to Mr. Kitchen. Your careful compliance 
with this request is urged, because it is only by this means that we will 
be in a position to dismiss intelligently at any time the effectiveness 
of this cooperation. 

December 8, 1925. 

The B.A.E. News 




The American Railway Association has notified the ^Bureau that the 
Trans-Missouri-Kansas Regional Advisory Board Trill hold its regular 
quarterly meeting at Kansas City, Mb., on December lb. In connection 
with cooperation "between this Bureau and the various regional Advisory 
Boards, it has been arranged for G. F* Kellogg, of the Hay, Feed and 
Seed Division, to attend this meeting and make a short address on "Federal 
Standardization and Inspection of Hay." Other representatives of the Bureau 
stationed at Kansas City should also attend and become acquainted with the 
different agricultural commodity committee chairmen and offer any assistance 
to the Board that may be possible. 



In a recent memorandum from the Director of Personnel and Business 
Administration, he calls attention to the difficulty sometimes experienced 
by the public and by otficers of the Department in mailing quick contacts 
with particular field offices with which they have business to transact, 
by reason of the fact that some of the offices are not listed in local 
telephone and city directories, or, if listed, are not listed in such a 
way that they can be readily located. 

Dr. Stockberger says: "To facilitate the transaction of business 
it is important that all bureaus having branch offices equipped with 
telephone facilities arrange for their proper listing in local telephone 
directories. This should be done in the case of each separate activity, 
regardless of whether or not more than one office has the same headquarters 
address and the same telephone number. City directories should be given 
similar attention. 

"In cities where there are a number of Department of Agriculture 
offices the various bureau representatives should get together and arrange 
with telephone and city directory companies for carrying in their 
directories a consolidated 'Department of Agriculture' section, or a 
consolidated ; United States Government' section covering all Federal 
services represented in the city in many cases might be preferable. 
Consideration should also be given by the various interested services to 
a preferred form of listing their activities. Where U. S. Department ^ of 
Agriculture Clubs have been organized or where there is a Federal Business 
Association, the matter of directory listing might be most conveniently 
considered through such organizations. 

"In certain bureaus and in certain cities the matter of listing 
in telephone and city directories already is on a thoroughly satisfactory 
basis, but occasionally difficulty is reported which suggests that perhaps 
all bureaus have not properly advised their branch offices in this 
respect. " 

The B.A.E. News Vol. 13, No. 23. 


The following manuscript was submitted to the Division of Publica- 
tions during November: 

Funk, \7. C.: Farm Supplies for Home Use. (Revision- of 
F. B. 1082.) For Farmers' Bulletin. 

The following articles have "been approved for publication in the 
periodicals named: 

Bean, L« H. : Agricultural Production, Income' and Prices in 
the United States. For Yearbook of Rural Life. 

Bier, Robert: Reducing Claims in Handling Perishables. 
For Express Gazette Journal. 

Ccoper, Thomas: For Better Farm Living. For Country 

Edler, G. C: Summary of Field Seed Situation. For Seed 

Galpin, C. J.L Stop-ping the Leak from Farm to City. For 
Adult Magazine. 

Kirkpatrick, E. L«: The Farmer's Standard of Living. For 

Handbook of Social Resources pub. by Institute of Social 
and Religious Research and the American Country Life 

Sherman, G. 3.: Discovering Home Supplies and Home Markets. 
For American City. 

Sherman, C. B. : Foreign Markets for Our Fruit. For American 
Bankers Association Journal. 

Sherman, C. B. : Fruit and Produce Auctions. For American 
Fruit Grower. 

Sherman, C. 3.: In Search of Farm Facts: II - 'The Federal 
Service. For Survey. 

Smith, W, D.: Leaks in Rice Milling. For Rice Journal and 

Yohe, H. S.: Accomplishments under the U. S. Warehouse Act. 
For Robert Morris Associates. Monthly Bulletin. 

December S, 1925 

The B. A. E. News 


9. IjL^ l j^ibrary. 

Among the accessions to the Bureau Library for the week ending December k are: 

Connecticut. Board of agriculture. Connecticut grades for eggs, bunched 
beets, carrots ,' turnips and winter radishes , also specifications 
for standard box for farm produce... Hartford, Conn. [l925] 

Cundall, L. B . & Landman, T. Wales; an economic geography... London, 
G. Routledge & sons, ltd., 1925. 

Harlan, Rolvix. A new day for the country church... Nashville, Tenr 
Coke sbury press, 1925. 

Harvard university. Graduate school of business administration. Bureau 
of business research. Bulletin no. 55. Cases on merchandise control 
m the wholesale grocery business. Cambridge, 1925. 

Manchester guardian commercial. American cotton annual review 1925 
Manchester, 1925. 

The 100,000 group of American cities. A study of SI principal American 
markets... Chicago [1925] 

Orwin D. S. & Peel, V/. R. The tenure of agricultural land... Cambridge, 
University press, 1925. 

Skal To5; ** V^t V rolle^... Bonn -and Liepsig, K. Schroeder 

1^22. Conner agrarpolitsche untersuchungen , hrsg. von dr K 
Muller -and prof. dr. August Skalweit, hft.l) 

U. S. Bureau of the census United States census of agriculture- 1925 
Number of larms by states and counties 1925, 1920,1910, ard 1900 
Washington, Govt, print. off., 1925. 

U. S. Shipping board. Bureau of research. Report on volume of water- 
borne foreign commerce of the United States by oorts of origin and 
destination, 1922/23. Washington, 1925. 

U. S. Treasury dept. Bureau of internal revenue. Statistics of income 

from the returns of net income for 1923. Washington, Govt. print. off . , 

Vogt, P. L. Introduction to rural economics... New York, D. Apple ton 
and company [1925] 


The first step in making a thing come to pass is to believe that it can be done. 


The B. A* E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 23. 


10. AMERICAN APPLES is the title of a mimeographed circular prepared for 
foreign di stribution "by Edwin Smith, in which he outlines the service of the 
Bureau designed to assist fruit growers and explains that while the Bureau 
maintains a fruit representative in Europe to keep American growers "better, 
informed on the European demand for their fruit, he shall also keep the 
European trade "better informed on supplies, condition, etc. of. American fruit. 

Anderson, State and Federal Statistician, and published by the Nebraska State 
Department of Agriculture is one of .-the most complete records of Nebraska 
agriculture published. Not only does it contain detailed crop and livestock 
statistics by counties, "but Nebraska's record of crop production since 1866 
is given on the leading crops. A vast amount of other detailed information 
on livestock' is included. 

12. S TATE -FEDERAL INSPECTION WORK has been more popular with Pennsylvania 
apple growers this year than ever before, reports the State Bureau of Markets. 

13. WHAT IS THE. CROP OF HOLLY BERRIES asks a New York manufacturer of 
novelties. He explains that he desires the information because when the crop 
has been destroyed by frost, he manufactures artificial waterproof berries to 
substitute on Christmas wreaths. 


Prof. Andrew Boss, of the University of Minnesota, has come to 
Washington in his capacity as Consulting Specialist to study the work now 
being conducted in the Division of Farm Management and Costs. He will make 
an analysis of such work now being done in cooperation with other agencies 
with a view to planning more effective coordination of State and Federal 
activities' in this field.' 

Dr. C.J. Galpin has returned from New York where he delivered an 
address at the annual Meeting of the International Association of Agricultural 
Missions, New York City. The topic of Dr. Galpin' s address was "The Rural 
Church" . 

Dr. Galpin will be in New York December 8 to deliver an address at the 
New York State Conference of Chcrities and Correction. The topic of his 
address will "be "Intra-State Migratory Movements." 

In a recent letter, Edwin Smith reports a visit to the Liverpool . 
Market where he viewed the. apple situation in the North of England, and 
observed apples at the Liverpool docks. He says that early November weather 
has been very satisfactory for the shipment of American apples and most 
supplies of barreled apples from Virginia, New York and New England arrived 
in\er excellent condition. The boxed deal thus far has been rather remark- 
able on account of its steadiness, due to the lighter quantities offered. 

Pecemhpr S, 1925- 

The Nev.s 


After U-l/2 years of effective service in the Frait and Vegetable 
Division, 0. W. Hauck plans to resign December Jl to accept a position 
with the Columbus Buick Company of Columbus, Ohio. He nas the best 
wishes of all his associates for success in his nev; undertakings, 
Mr. Hauck returned to Washington last Thursday after having spent six 
weeks in the field conferring with growers, shippers, members of the 
trade and employees of the Fruit and Vegetable Division regarding cauli- 
flower grades and the application of the Federal grades for western grapes. 

F. M. Patton left Sunday for a southern trip in the interest of 
shipment reports of southern products and passing reports on citrus fruits. 

Cortes G. Randell of the State of Missouri, has been appointed 
Associate Agricultural Economist in the Division of Agricultural Cooperation 
to conduct research work on the marketing of livestock through the producers' 
cooperative organisations. This will involve making detailed analyses and 
comprehensive studies of the economics, economic history, the progress and 
present status of cooperative livestock marketing associatiors in the 
United States and preparing the findings for publication. Mr. Randell 
reported for duty last Tuesday at Chicago where he attended the meeting 
of the Marketing Officials and conferred with officials of livestock 

Mr. Randell received a B. S. degree in Agriculture from Purdue 
University in 1920. He attended Kansas State Agricultural College for one 
summer term, and in 1924 received his M. 3. degree f rom W isconsin. Mr. 
Randell has engaged in farming, and among other experience was associated 
for about a year and half with the Kansas City and Oklahoma City cooperative 
livestock shippers. 

C. A. Burmeister will go to Staunton, Va. , next Thursday to speak 
at the meeting of the Managers and Directors of the Livestock Shipping 
Associations in Virginia on a subject cf interest to livestock shippers. 

W, <!. Clark, cattle reporter at our Kansas City Livestock office 
has resigned effective December 31- 

•J. A. Burgess left Washington December 6 for Boston, Hew York and 
Philadelphia to confer with local representatives and members of the trade 
relative to problems in connection with the market news service on dressed 
meats and wool. 

L. B. Burk, Don J. Slater and A. T. Edinger, of the Livestock, Meats 
and Wool Division, left Chicago December b for La Fayette, Ind. , to grade 
several carloads of feeder cattle which will be put on feed by the 
University and handled experimentally as a part of the project recently 
undertaken by a large number of agricultural colleges and experiment sta- 
tions in cooperation with the Department of Agriculture . The object of 
the experiments is to determine the factors which produce quality in meat. 

The 3.A.E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 23. 

Miss Eunice Butterworth, Division of Land Economj.cs, is spending her 
vacation at her home in Miami, Florida. 

After serving as a cotton expert and demonstrating the Official 
Cotton Standards at the International Crops Contest held last week in 
connection -with the International Livestock Exposition at Chicago, PI. C. 
Slade, has gone to points in the Southwest to purchase cotton for standards. 

J. Kenny Miller has gone to New York City to assist the Board of 
Cotton Examiners in the classification and certification of cotton 
tendered for delivery on future contracts on the New York Cotton Exchange. 

L. M. Davis left last night for Boston and New York to confer with 
the representative in charge of the market news service on dairy and 
poultry products. Mr. Davis will also stop at Burlington, Yt. to confer 
with creamerymen and dairy plant managers. 

Mrs. A. P. Neel returned last Saturday, from California where she 
has "been assisting in the San Francisco office of the Livestock, Meats, 
and Wool Division for the past two months. 

Miss Mae C. McWilliams, of Mails and Files, returned to her desk 
last week after a month' 3 vacation. 

About U5 Pennsylvania farmers were recently conducted on a tour 
through the Philadelphia market "by Mr. Whitacre of our Philadelphia Fruit 
and Vegetable Office. The trip was arranged by E. R. Biddle for the 
County Agent of Lehigh County and the Extension Division of the State 
College, to show the farmers how potatoes are handled in receiving markets. 

C. F. Welsh of the Hay, Feed and Seed Division, left Thursday for 
Kansas City to assist in the hay inspection work at that place while 
George Postmus, the regular inspector, is on leave. The hay inspection 
work at Kansas City has increased to such a point that it is necessary to 
have someone on duty there at all times. 

C. D. Shirley has been transferred from Chicago to Texas to supervise 
shipping-point inspection work in that State. He will make his headquarters 

at Mercedes, Texas, 

G. W. Morrison left Sunday for Chicago to confer with Field Head- 
quarters officials relative to facilities and equipment for operating 
district offices of Federal Grain Supervision. 

Daniel E. Schimke, of the Warehouse Division, has had his headquarters-- 
changed from Wichita, Kans. to Spokane, Wash. Louis E. Wolf* is being trans- 
ferred from Spokane to Wichita. 

Miss Rosa A. Bowen, Telephone Operator, at the Chicago Livestock 
office submitted her resignation effective December h. 

s THE B. A. 


December 15, 1325. 

1. 3UBEAU1 S BUDGE T FOP 1927. 

Vol. 13, No. 24. 

The budget for the Federal Government for the year 1927 was sub- 
mitted to Congress by the president on December 9« The grand total for 
the Department of Agriculture is $140,717,758 compared with $138,075,191 
for the current year. This amount includes the funds for Federal aid 
road building and other special items. 

The amount for the Department of Agriculture, exclusive of roads 
and certain permanent and indefinite appropriations and special funds, is 
$44,366,508 compared vribh $45,734,441 for the current year. 

The following table shows the amount under each sub-appropriation 
of this Bureau for the current year and the budget as submitted to Congress 
for the coming year: 


. H, 

Appropriation Amount of Amount submitted Decrease: 

Appropriation in Budget below 
( 192o 1927 Current yeai 








Marketing & Distributing Farm Prod, 






- 4,395 



Market Inspection of Perishable Foods 348,755 


- 8,781 




Enforcement of U. 3, Cotton Futures 

188 , 500 



Enforcement of Grain Standards Act. 



Administration of U.S. Warehouse Act 

205; 060 


- 6,000 



- 5.000 





- 5,000 



- 156.928 


The Civil Service Commission has announced open competitive examinations 
for the positions of Specialist in Cotton Classing at $3,800 a year, and 
Associate Specialist in Cotton Classing, at $3,000. Appointees will be 
assigned to the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 


The B.A.E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 2U, 



Standardization of wool grades in European countries is but a 
question of only a short time, depending on how soon we can dispatch a 
set of the International grades to the several countries for consideration 
and action, George T. Willingmyre of the Division of Livestock, Meats and 
Wool has reported in a letter to C. V. Whalin, Chief of the Division. 

Mr. Willingmyre has been in Europe several weeks as a member of 
the United States Wool Standardization Committee, interviewing representa- 
tives of the wool trade in England, France, Belgium and Germany, both on 
the matter of wool grades, and the establishment of a world wool market 
reporting service through the International Institute of Agriculture at 
Rome. He expects to arrive home at Washington about December 23 • 



An extension program for 11 Western States covering activities in 
farm enterprise efficiency, farm organization and accounting, dissemination 
of economic information, and extension program building was agreed to at a 
conference of extension officials at Pullman, Wash., November 6-7. 

The Department was represented at the conference by M. L. Wilson, 
chief of the Division of Farm Management, and by H. M. Dixon of the Extension 
Service. The 11 States include New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Wyoming, 
Montana, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, California, Utah and Nevada, 



More effective dissemination of timely economic information through 
the State extension services is reported by H. M. Dixon of the Department's 
Extension Service, following a tour of some of the Western States. A new 
method with this end in view has been worked out in Kansas, he says, by the 
formation of farm management clubs made up of groups of farmers which meet 
regularly to discuss economic problems. Ohio has developed a system whereby 
more than 100 farmers who are leaders in their community disseminate timely 
economic information. Mr. Dixon attended conferences in Oregon and Colorado 
where the cost of production data and farm enterprise records of growers of 
prunes, pears, and beef cattle were summarized and studied in developing 
new programs. 



The Sheep and Goat Raisers' Association of Texas passed a resolution 
recently that the Bureau's work be extended so as to provide its members 
with more complete data on the numbers and movements of lambs and wool, 
It resolved, further, that the Association petition Congress to appropriate 
additional funds for this service. 

December 15, 1925 

The B.A.E. News 




American agricultural products ere likely to meet with increasing 
competition in foreign markets due to the agricultural expansion in many 
European countries, according to Asher Hot son, American Delegate to the 
International Institute of Agriculture at Rome, 

"The dominant note common to European nations," he says, "is 
self-sufficiency, even though it may te impossible of realization in 
many cases. Many of the nations which have self-sufficing aspirations 
were satisfied before the war to depend upon other countries for a 
considerable portion of their agricultural supplies. 

"One cannot cay whether this is a temporary aftermath of the war, 
or the beginning of a lasting situation. In some countries it is in the 
form of an agricultural tariff such as exists in Germany and in Italy. In 
other countries it may te a subsidy such as the wheat monoply in Switzerland 
or the one proposed in connection with the plowed land area in England, 

"There is a still more important and subtle harrier to our own 
products in some foreign lands, In many countries American agricultural 
products are likely to meet with increasing opposition in the form of good 
will propaganda for the consumption of home grown products, 

"Another factor is that many nations which are our test customers 
in the purchase of agricultural products are contracting to repay huge 
war debts. In general, this payment must come about through increased 
sales to us, and decreased purchases from us. One may guess that a full 
share of the increased sales and decreased purchases will fall upon the 
products of American agriculture," 



Standardization o.f farm products and consumer demand surveys were em- 
phasized as outstanding examples of the Bureau's work which are of practical 
value in marketing commodities, by Lloyd S, Tenny, assistant chief, addressing 
the American Grocery Specialty Manufacturers' Assn., at Washington, December 9. 

"Standards have been established for 35 fruits and vegetables," he 
said, "as well as for wheat, cotton, hay, and other commodities. So far we 
have confined our work to the standardization of the products themselves, 
but now in cooperation with the trade, ve are undertaking a program of 
helping to standardize trade practices, methods of doing business, and 
definitions of terms used by buyers and sellers." 

The consumer demand surveys tie closely into marketing problems, Mr, 
Tenny pointed out in outlining some of the work in that direction. The 
surveys attempt to measure the factors which influence the consumption of 
products, and furnish producers and distributors with information enabling 
them to secure more effective distribution. 

k. Ths B.A.E. Hews Vol. 13, No. 2U. 



The hay inspectors' school now in progress at the Hay Standardi- 
zation Laboratory of this' Bureau in Washington is the largest held thus 
far. The Army Veterinary School has furnished as students thirteen 
officers from the Veterinary Corps, U. 3, Army, and two officers of the 
Cuban Army* There are also in attendance two representatives of the 
Canadian Department of Agriculture and representatives of the Pennsylvania 
Department of Agriculture, University of Delaware, South Carolina Extension 
Service, University of Maryland, and Bureau of Dairying of this department, 



The Associated Press, which provides news to some 2,200 newspapers 
in the United States, has assigned its Mr. Clowes to cover the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics, daily, Division chiefs in Washington are urged 
to utilize this opportunity for releasing news items that will keep the > 
public informed cf what the Bureau is doing. Mr. Clowes may be reached 
through the office cf Frank George, Division of Information, Branch 559 » 



Congress convened December 7 with the usual flood of bills. Many 
agricultural bills poured into the legislative hopper, with what result 
remains to be seen. Much legislation is proposed covering changes in the 
cotton crop reporting system. The subject has received widespread interest 

The following bills were- introduced: 

S, 95b, by Senator Harris, to provide for the issuance of cotton crop 
reports and ginning statistics in order to prevent speculation 
in cotton and fluctuations in the price thereof. 

H.R. 3 7 S5, by Mr. Black of Texas, amending aa act authorizing the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture to issue semimonthly cotton-crcp reports 
and providing for their publication simultaneously with the 
ginning reports of the Department, of the Census. 

H.R, 118, by Mr. Brand of Georgia, to repeal the act authorizing the 
issuance of semi-monthly cotton crop reports. 

H.R. 37^, by Mr. Black of Texas, to amend the act authorizing the Director 
of the Census to collect and publish statistics of cotton. 

December 15, 1925 

The B« A, E. Hews. 


CONGRESS (Continued) 

Bills on other agricultural subjects were as follows; 

S.290, by Senator Curtis, to place the agricultural industry on a 

sound commercial basis, to encourage agricultural cooperative 
associations and for other purposes. 

S. 672, hy Senator King, to abolish the Federal Trade Commission. Mr. 
Johnson of W ashing ton, also introduced bill H.R. 340. 

S.616, by Senator El etcher, to extend rediscount privilege to farm 
loan bonds, and promote their sale. 

S.751, by Senator Mayfield, to amend the Transportation Act. 

S. 1036, by Senator Walsh, to amend the Federal Farm Loan Act. Mr. Hill 
of Washington, and Mr. Vinson of Georgia, also introduced in 
the House bills HR.3854 and HR.3987 amending this Act. 

S. 454, by Senator Caraway, to prevent the sale of cotton and grain 
in future markets. 

S. 681, "by Senator Me Kellar, to amend the Classification Act, approved 
Mar. 4, 1923. Three similar hills were also introduced, i.e., 
3. 1077 by Senator Couzens, HR.84 hy Mr. Madden, and HR. 359 
hy Mr. Lehlbach. 

S. 575, hy Senator Gooding, to amend the Interstate Commerce Act. 

Other bills amending this Act were introduced by - Senator 
Robinson of Arkansas, S. 1143; Senator Pittman, S. 758, and 
S. 759. 

S.667, hy Senator King, amending the Eederal Reserve Act. 

S. 781, by Senattor Smoot, providing without expenditure of Federal funds 
the opportunities of the people to acquire rural homes. 

S. 973, hy Senator Shipstead, a bill declaring an emergency in respect 
of certain agricultural commodities, to promote equality be- 
tween agricultural commodities and other commodities, and for 
other purposes. 

S.932, by Senator Copeland, to extend to poultry the provisions of the 
ment inspection act, 

S. 1334, by Senator Smoot, to provide for the reorganization of the ad- 
ministrative branches of the Government; to create the reorgani- 
zation hoard, etc. ' 

H.R. 236, hy Mr. Sinclair, authorizing and directing the President to 
appoint a commission to investigate and report to Congress a 
general system for cooperative marketing of all farm products. 

H.R.237, by Mr. Sinclair, to amend the U.S. Grain Standards Act, 

H.R. 328, by Mr. Sinclair, to promote agriculture by stabilizing the 
prices of certain agricultural products. 


The B< A. E. News. 

Vol. 13, No. 24 

CONGRESS (Continued) 

H.R. 329, by Mr* Sinclair, providing for purchase and sale of farm products, 

H.R* 28 5, by Mr. Burtness, requiring the labeling of flour in interstate 
and foreign commerce* 

H.R* 332, by Mr. Swank, providing that the United States shall build ware- 
houses in conjunction with the several States****for the storage 
of farm products not perishable, for insurance while in storage, 
for Government loans on warehouse receipts, providing penalities 
for violation of this Act, and making appropriation therefore, 

H.R.3858,by Mr. Each, to establish in the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic 

Commerce of the Department of Commerce a foreign commerce service 
of the United States and for other purposes* 

H.R.4539,by Mr. Vestal, to establish standards of weights and measures for 
wheat-mill, rye mill***** and all commercial feeding stuffs. 

H.R. 4770, by Mr.Mapes, providing for reorganization of the administrative 

branches of the Government and to create the reorganization board. 

K.J. Res. 36, by Mr. Sinclair, authorizing the President to call an inter- 
national conference of representatives of agriculture and farmers' 

H.R. 3766, by Mr. Browne, providing for the protection of the public health 
and the prevention of fraud and deception by prohibiting the 
manufacture, sale, etc**** of adulterated or deleterious butter, 
and prescribing the penality for violation thereof* 

S* 31, by Senator Ernst, to amend the act authorizing the 

Director of the Census to collect and publish additional 
statistics on tobacco. A similar bill, was introduced in 
the House by Mr.. Gilbert, H.R* 3768, 


Among the accessions to the Bureau Library for the week ending December 

11 are: 

Brown, Edmund. Marketing... New York and London, Harper & . 
brothers, 1925* 

Mills, E. C. &. Davenport, D. H. A manual of problems and tables 
in statistics, with notes on statistical procedure... Hew 
York, H. Holt and co., [1925] (American business series) 

Roberts, S.H, History of Australian land settlement (1788-1920) 

Melbourne, Macmillan and co, , association with Melbourne 
university press, 1924* 

Rutter t W. P c The geography' of commerce. ♦ . London, Bath, Hew 
York [etc.] ' Sir I. Pitman & sons, ltd., 1925. • 

Syndicat de 1 'union des marchands de soie de Lyon. Statistique de 

la production de la soie en France et a l ? etranger, 1S24. Lyon, 1925 

December 15, 1925 

The B. A. E. News 


U« S. Bureau of foreign and domestic comerce, Annual report of 
the director... to the Secretary, 1924/35. Washington, 1925. 

U, S. Congress, Official congressional directory, 69th Congress, 
1st sess. 1st ed. Dec. 1925. Vfashington, 1925. 

U. S. Dept. of commerce. Bureau of standards. National directory 
of commodity specifications.-. Washington, Govt, print, off. , 
1925. (Miscellaneous publications no. 65) 

U« S. Tariff commission. Costs of producing sugar "beets. Pt. 1, 

Michigan. Report on the farmers 1 costs of producing sugar "beets 
in Michigan, 1921, 1922, and 1923, Washington, Govt, print, 
off., 1925, 


13* TENTATIVE GRADES FOR CALIFORNIA ORANGES have been issued by the Division 
of Fruits & Vegetables, effective December 11, 

has been moved from Birmingham, Ala., to Room 701 Commercial Exchange Bldg., 
Atlanta, Ga* 

15. TENTATIVE GRADES FOR BARLEY came in for discussion at a recent conference 
held by the Minneapolis Chamber of Commerce, at which it was stated that 
unless the grades provided for seed dockage, most of the barley dealers were 
not particularly interested in having any Federal grades established for 

16. THE HANDBOOK OF OFFICIAL HAY STANDARDS is now available for distribution. 
Copies may be obtained from the Division of Hay, Feed & Seed, 

17. AMERICAN FRUIT AND PRODUCE AUCTIONS is the title of Department Bulletin 
1362, just issued. As the tremendous increase in the production of fruits 
and vegetables during recent years has stimulated the development of such 
auctions, publication of the results of this study, by A. D. Miller and C, W, 
Hauck, is particularly timely* 


Messrs. Leavern Lackey, Joseph S* Bozeman, Howard Roberts, and George 
P, Taylor have been authorized to assist the Board of Cotton Examiners at 
New York City in handling cotton samples incident to classification and certi- 
fication of cotton tendered for delivery on future contracts on the New York 
Cotton Exchange. 

Messrs. E. G. Parker and Bryden Pease of the Cotton Division will 
serve as members of the Board of Cotton Examiners at New York in connection 
with the classification and certification of cotton tendered for delivery on 
future contracts on the New York Cotton Exchange. 


'.Che B- A. E, Hews 

Vol. 13, No. 24, 

J, M» B@rd.ers of the Washington office has "been authorized to go 
to San Francisco, Seattle, Portland, Salt Lake City, and other places to 
establish an egg inspection service in connection with the State of 
California, and the San Francisco Mercantile Exchange, He will also ar- 
range to establish a shipping point inspection service on eggs* 

Miss Catherine M, Viehmann, editor of the Bureau Mews, is in 
Forida where she will "vacation" for a few weeks* A card from Savannah 
says she had a "delightful voyage" free from seasickness* 

C, E. Trout, editor of Marketing Activities, also is on leave this 
week - "somewhere in the South". 

C. W« Hauck of Fruits & Vegetables has resigned effective the end 
of this month. He goes to Columbus, 0«» to become a member of the sales 
force of the Columbus Buick Company. Mr. Hauck has been with the Department 
since 1921, 

Samuel W. Mendum, editor of Crops & Markets, is buttonholing everyone 
in sight these days, to get new members for the American Farm Economic 

Ralph W« Adams of the Atlanta office is inspecting warehouses and 
interviewing bankers, farmers and warehousemen in connection with the 
U.S. Warehouse Act, in Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi, 
He is also investigating the handling, .marketing and storage of agricultural 
products to which the Warehouse Act is applicable. * . 

George 0. Gatlin of the Division of Cooperative Marketing has gone 
to Kentucky and Tennessee to confer with officials of the Dark Tobacco 
Growers Cooperative Association and others relative to the dark tobacco 
situation. At Memphis he will meet the field service directors of state 
cotton associations* 

C. G. Randell of the Washington office went to Stanton, Va» > this 
week to confer with officials of cooperative shipping associations* 

Fred J. Blair of the Division of Crop Estimates is collecting in- 
formation regarding truck crops in Florida, Louisiana, and Texas, 

M. G. Betts has left for Presque Isle, Me,, and other points to 
make investigations in connection with experimental potato warehouses* 

C*W« Fryhofer of the St. Paul, Minn, office of the Division of 
Dairy Products Marketing has gone to Detroit, Minn, to score butter at 
the convention of the Red River Valley Dairymen's Association, 

Leon M. Sstabrook ic due home from Rome this week for the Christmas 



•rf—e o- 



TO EACH MEMBER OF THE STAFF in Hashing ton and in 
the field I extend Christmas greetings and ray best wishes 
for the Season. 

I trust that this Christmas season will "bring to 
you and yours the cheer and happiness that all hope for. 
And, I hope that the Mew Year nay result in "bringing to 
each of us further and larger service and accompli shnents. 

I wish to take this opportunity to express ny appre- 
ciation for the fine spirit of cooperation and loyalty 
that has been evidenced by every neriber of the Bureau. 
This has added greatly to ny happiness this season. 


The E. A. 


Vol. 13, No. 25. 



All Government Departments in 'Washington will be closed on December 
26 this year instead of having half holidays on Christmas eve and Few Year's 
eve. The executive order issued "by the president . is , in part, as follows: 

"As an experiment, not as a precedent, in lieu of the orders heretofore 
usually issued providing that four hoars shall constitute a day's work for 
all clerks and other employees of the Federal Government in the District of 
Columbia on December 24 and December 31, it is hereby ordered that the 
several Executive Departments and Independent Government Establishments in 
the. District of Columbia, including the Government Printing Office and the 
Navy Yard and stations, be closed on Saturday, December 26, 1925, and all 
employees except those who may for special public reasons be excepted from 
the provisions of this order are hereby excused from duty on that day. 11 

Ho order closing the Executive Departments or excusing the Government 
employees from duty on January 2nd following New Years Day will be issued. 
The order does away with the half holiday on December 24 and 31 and the usual 
hours of duty will be observed on January 2, 1926. 



Mr. Estabrook, who has been in Rome since last April in charge of the 
preliminary work in connection with the world agricultural, census to be taken 
in 1930-21 under the auspices of the International Institute of Agriculture, 
returned to the Bureau Monday. He states that satisfactory progress has been 
made with the census project and that forty- four governments have agreed to 
cooperate in the undertaking. He believes that practically, all other govern- 
ments will join in the movement as soon as definite plans are submitted to them. 
During the next two or three weeks, Mr. Estabrook will consult with specialists 
in the Bureau of the Census and various bureaus in the Department of Agriculture 
regarding the details of a standard form of census schedule which he has prepared 
for consideration and as a basis for discussion. He will return to Rome the 
latter half of January and will hold similar conferences with European specialists. 

Mr, Estabrook states that the country north of the Alps was covered with 
snow and ice. He visited The Hague and sailed from Bremen on December 8. The 
voyage to New York was unusually quiet for this season of the year. He extends 
to all his former associates and friends in the Department his best wishes for 
a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. 



A Civil Service Examination for Assistant Chief Warehouse Examiner 
(Tobacco Standardization) at a salary of $3,300 has been announced. As the 
Commission has had difficulty in securing eligibles for this position, qualified 
persons who are thoroughly acquainted with the commercial grades of tobacco are 
urged to enter this examination. The examination is unassembled, competitors 
being rated on education, experience and thesis. 

December 22, 1925. 

The B. A. 3. News 




Proposed voluntary registration of shippers and dealers under standard 
trading rules approved by the Department oi Agri culture, and the establishment 
in the Department of the machinery for arbitrating trade dispi^.tes will come up 
for discussion at a number of important meetings in January including the 
meetings of the American Fruit and Vegetable ^rowers Association at Chicago, 
January 4-8; the Western Fruit Jobbers at New Orleans, January 12-15; and the 
joint meeting of the National League of Commission Merchants and the American 
Fruit and Vegetable Brokers Association, New York City, January 19 to 22. Mr- 
Tenny will attend all of these meetings and W. A. Sherman will probably attend 
all those except the one in New Orleans. The Government Printing Office is 
making special effort to supply copies of Service and Regulatory Announcement 
No. 97 of this Bureau in tine for these meetings. 



Messrs. Jules Simard and Robert Thomas, of the Feed Division of the 
Canadian Department of Agriculture, have been in Washington the past two 
weeks attending the hay inspectors' school conducted by the Hay, Feed and 
Seed Division. The Canadian Department of Agriculture is investigating United 
States hay standards and inspection methods thoroughly for the purpose of 
obtaining information incidental to the drafting cf a hay inspection lav? in 
Canada and the organization of a hay inspection service to be applied especially 
to exports of hay from Canada to the United States. Mr. Thomas of the Canadian 
Department is now studying hay marketing conditions at Philadelphia and New York 
City with the assistance of representatives of the Hay, Feed and Seed Division, 



A letter recently received by the Bareau from Mr. W. ?, Wing, Secretary 
of the California Wool Growers' Association, after calling attention to the 
fact that Mr. Wra. E. Schneider, in charge of tie San Francisco office of the 
Livestock, Meats and Wool Division, had been elected an honorary member of the 1 
board of directors, had the following to say regarding Mr. Schneider's work: 

"Mr. Schneider also gave a very instructive address 
at our Annual Conven-cion and attended two of our local meet- 
ings, one at Woodland., YqIo County, and another at Fresno. 
I think the more meetings he ecu Id attend in the country, 
the better it would be for all concerned. It puts him in 
closer touch with the sheepmen. Ihoy get to know him and 
are willing to open up and tell him about what is going on 
in the country relative to sales rf rhe°p and lambs and 
makes it possible for him to keen in closer contact with 
the growers and enables him to learn some of their 
problems of marketing." 


The 3. A. E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 25. 



A conference of leaders of the New Orleans trade area survey, of which 

B. H. Critchfield of this Bureau is director-, was held on December 9 and the 
details of the survey' discussed. Field work had teen completed and the material 
.which will comprise the report is to he submitted to conferences at the 
Mississippi A. & M. College and the Louisiana State University this month. 
Separate reports are to he published for the State of Louisiana and for South 
Mississippi. Tentative arrangements are for them to be published by the 

State Institutions as bulletins. In addition to the two state reports, a 
special report will he made to the New Orleans Association of Commerce. 



•The third of the series of hearings on tentative U. S. grades for 
cattle and dressed beef was held in the Custom House, New York City, December „ 
16. There was a fair attendance, all branches of the livestock and meat 
industries of Jersey City and New York City being represented. Mr. C. W . 
Kitchen, Business Manager of the Bureau, presided, and the grades were pre- 
sented by Messrs. C. V, Whalin, W, C. Davis, L. 3 . • Burk, J. K. Wallace' and 

C. E. Gibbons, all of the Livestock, Meats and Wool Division. Much interest 
was evinced in the general matter of standardization but particularly in the 
tentative grades presented. As a matter of fact, those present were unanimously 
in favor of the former and suggested only a few minor changes in the latter. 

As an evidence of the interest- in the tentative grades already worked out, there 
was such a strong demand for an actual demonstration of the beef grades that 
Mr. Davis remained a day longer and gave a. grading demonstration in the coolers 
of one of the large packers. This demonstration was largely attended by whole- 
sale and retail meat dealers, brokers, branch house men and others. All of those 
present seemed fully satisfied regarding the workability of the grades as well as 
of the advisability of having a standardized set of grades. 



The American Farm Economics Association is to ireet at the McAlpir Hotel, 
New York City, instead of the Pennsylvania as first announced. 'The other groups 
meeting at that time will be a'c the Pennsylvania, as originally planned. 



Bills regarding agriculture introduced in congress during the week ending 
December 19 are as follows: 

Co tton : The following cotton bills were introduced by Senator Heflin: 

S. 1795, To provide for the prevention of duplication in reporting 
the number of bales of cotton on hand at the manufacturing 
establishments in the United States. 

December 22, 1925 

The 5*A.B. IJews 


CONGRESS (Continued) 

S, 1796, To provide a method for gathering and transmitting reports 
of cotton ginned and other reports regarding cotton. 

S. 1797 • To provide for the monthly estimates of the number of bales 
of cotton that will be consumed in- the United States and the 
number that will be reported. 

S. 179S, To provide for the collection of correct and reliable 
information on cotton acreage. 

S. 13^7 » hy Senator Shephard, authorizing the Secretary of Agriculture 
to formulate and recommend standard weights and methods of 
wrapping, packing, and tying cotton bales. 

H.R, 5695 ♦ °y Mr, Fuller, to regulate interstate shipments of cotton. 

S. iSlS, by Senator Capper, "The Truth in Fabric Bill," to prevent 
deceit and unfair prices that result from the unrevealed 
presence of substitutes for virgin wool in woven or knitted 
fabrics purporting to contain wool, or in garments or articles 
of apparel made therefrom ***** . A similar bill, H.R. 5566 by 
Mr. French was introduced in the House. 

H.R. 51SS, by Mr. Beck, to amend an act defining butter, also imposing 
a tax upon and regulating the manufacture, sale, importation 
and exportation of oleomargarine****. 

H.R. by Mr. Bankhead, to provide that the United States shall 

cooperate With the states in promoting the health of the rural 
population in the United States. 

H.R. 5393. by Mr. Colton, to establish uniform car rates and class rates 
for the transportation of freight by railroad carriers in 
commerce between the States. 

H.R, 52^1, by Mr. Sinclair, to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture 
to make protein tests of wheat, 

S. 175 4 » hy Senator Dill, providing for the regulation of radio 

S. 1799, hy Senator Capper, to enable persons in the United States to 
engage in cooperative -ourchasing for importation into the 
United States of ran' commodities, which are produced principally 
in foreign countries. 

H.R. 5677 » hy Mr. Perkins, to fix standards for hampers, round stave 
baskets, and splint baskets for fruits and vegetables. 


The B.A.E: News 

Vol, 13, No. 25. 

C01IGRESS (Continued) 

H. Res. 55. hy Mr, Kindred, directing the Federal Trade Commission to 

to investigate the production, distribution and sale of flour, 
"bread, etc., and the control cf the baking and milling 

S. Res. 92, by Senator McNary, that a committee he composed by three 
Senators appointed "by President of Senate to investigate 
crop insurance. 


Among the accessions to the Bureau Library for the week ending 
December IS are: 

American chamber of commerce of China, Shanghai. Report of the 
president and hoard of directors .. .annual meeting, 1925. 
Shanghai, The Oriental press, 1925. 

Associated American chambers of commerce of China. Report of the 
annual meeting,, 1925. Shanghai, The Oriental press, 1925- 

Holt, W. Stull. The Federal farm loan bureau; its history, 

activities and organization... Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins 
press, I92U. (institute for government of the United- States 
government no. 3*0 

Mass. Special commission on the necessaries of life. Report, 192U, 
Boston, Wright & Potter printing co., 1925* 

Smith, J. H. Collectivist economics... London^ G. Routledge 
& Sons ltd., 1925. 

United States coal commission. Report... transmitted pursuant 
to the act approved September 22, 1922 (Public no.3*+7) 
Washington, Govt, print. off,, 1925. 

U. S. Dept. of commerce. 13th annual report, I92H/25. Washington, 
Govt, print, off,, 1925. 

U. S. Treasury. Bureau of the budget. Message of. the President 

of tne United States transmitting the budget for the service of 
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1927* Washington, 1925. 

U. S. War dept. Board of engineers for rivers and harbors. Commercial 
statistics for the calendar year 192*4, Washington, Govt. print, 
off., 1925. 

December 22, 1925 

The B.A.E. News 



LOCALITIES OF MASSACHUSETTS is a preliminary 'report "by E. L. Kirkpatrick 
of the Bureau and Lucile W, Reynolds, State Home Demonstration Leader 
in Massachusetts. It is another of the series of studies being made in 
various parts of the United States. 

13 . MISCELLANEOUS AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS compiled "by members of the 
Bureau of 'Agricultural Economics, and representatives of other Bureaus 
of the Department have been published as Separate No. J12 from the 192^ 
Yearbook. A large number of items are reported in this Separate which 
do not fit into any of the regular classifications, such as index numbers 
of crop yields, value of farm products, farm labor statistics, etc. 

Ik. FARM ANIMALS AND THEIR PRODUCTS is Separate No. 909 of the 192U 
Yearbook. The statistics given '"ere compiled by the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics and Animal Industry. It gives the statistics on livestock and 
livestock products. 

15. A list of economic charts on Farm Credit, Farm Insurance and Farm 
Taxation which are available for sale by the Bureau is available in 
mimeographed form. It is Section 2 of the Economic Chart lists. 


F.G.Robb, Division of Fruits and Vegetables, v;as in New York City 
last week to meet inspectors from Boston, New York, and Philadelphia and 
discuss inspection problems. 

R.L.Kause, Cotton Division, is to serve as a member of the Board of 
Cotton Examiners in New York in classifying and certifying cotton tendered 
for future delivery on the New York Cotton Exchange. 

M.F.Thurston of Ithica, New York, will interview hay dealers in 
Baltimore and Philadelphia in regard to the outlook for the production of 
market hay in New York State. 

E.F.Buff ington of New Bedford, Massachusetts, is to serve as a 
temporary member of the New York Board of Cotton Examiners, 

Lewis Myers of the Houston office is to act as Supervisor of Cotton 
Inspection work in Galveston during the absence of the Supervisor. 

TH .R .Branch who has been stationed at Wichita, Kansas, is being transferred 
to the Kansas City Office where he will continue in the market reporting work* 

L.J.Schaben, Division of Statistical and Historical Research, is 
attending a meeting of peanut growers, shippers, and cleaners at Suffolk, 
Virginia, where he will show the Department's film "Thirty Million Dollars 
Worth of Peanuts." 


The B.A.E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 25. 

Miss Lorreine Elliott, Division of Mails and Files has tendered her 
resignation effective December 15 to become the bride of Lieutenant Herbert 
Davis Vogel, Wednesday evening December 23 at the First Baptist Church, l6th 
and 0 Sts. N» W : '. Before leaving she was presented with salad forks of the 
Louis 17 pattern from her division. Miss Elliott has the very best wishes 
of her many friends in the 3ureau 4 

Dr. L«C.Gray will read a paper on Land Economics at the meeting of the 
American Farm' Economics Association' in New York next week. Dr. O.E.Baker 
will be chairman of a round table on Economic Geography at the meeting. Most 
of the members of the scientific staff of the Division expect to attend the 
meeting either officially or unofficially. 

Mr. Asher Hobson and Valerian Obolensky-Ossinsky talked at the 
seminar meeting of the Division of Land Economics Thursday afternoon. The 
former spoke on Lloyd George's Land policy Proposals and the latter relative 
to Russian Tenure Changes . 

Miss Mamie Parker, Division of Information, left last week for a 
vacation in Florida and Alabama, She went from New Yox-k to Miami by boat, 

J.C. Gilbert has gone to New York City for a conference with the 
program manager of Station WJZ, Radio Corporation of America, to determine 
a plan for broadcasting national and local marketing information* 

Mordecai Ezekiel, Division of Farm Management and Costs, was in 
Richmond, Virginia, one day this week to confer with the Board of Directors 
of the Farmers' Cooperative Association in regard to plans for a dairy farm 
management survey which is to be made by the Bureau and the Virginia College 
of Agriculture cooperating. 

Miss Lorian p . Jefferson, Massachusetts Agricultural College, is 
getting information from apple exporters and representatives of the Inter- 
national Apple Shippers Association in New York City regarding New England 
apples for use in the study of the market for New England apples being made 
by the Bureau and New England' .Colleges. 

L.S.Hulbert, Division of Cooperation, was in New York City last week 
for a conference with officials of the Dairymen' s League Cooperative 
Association in regard to the legal aspects of cooperative organization, 

Mr. R. P. Teele and Miss Bertha Henderson, of the Division of Land 
Economics, attended the Conference on Reclamation, Settlement and Farm 
Development of Arid Western Lands and of Uncultivated Farm Land in Other 
Sections of the Country, held in the auditorium of "the Interior Department 
December lk and 15* 

The Division of Land Economics now has a mimeographed report showing 
the organization and publications of the Division. 

December 29, 1925. 

Vol. 13, "o. 26, 


Professor Dalerian Ossinsky, professor of ' Agricultural Economics, Academy 
O.f Agriculture, Moscow, Russia, met a group of workers from the Bureau last week 
in an informal discussion of Russian agriculture. One of the points emphasized 
by Professor Ossinsky was. that the form of land holding is not uniform through- 
out the country, but systems are being developed as time goes on. Another was 
the increasing importance of corn in Russia. He pointed out the possibility of 
Russia becoming a competitor of - the United States in the production of corn and*, 
hogs. Eor a while, 'he said, there was a movement of people from the town to the^ 
country, hut now the movement is back to ' the towns as fast as employment is 
available. Regarding the statistics of the Russian Government* he said he 
believed there was a tendency for them to be- low due to unavoidable errors. 
These errors are being corrected however, he stated. 



Among the speakers on the program of the New Jersey Marketing Institute 
which is to be- held at the State College, January 25 to 30, are C.L. Christensen, 
Division of agricultural Cooperation, . Rob.' R. Slocum, Division of Dairy and Poultry 
Products, and E.R.French, port Of New York Authority, Mr. Christensen will speak 
on Cooperation in Denmark; Slocum on the Marketing of Poultry Products with a 
demonstration of egg grading; and French on The New York Terminal Market. 



After three months in Europe where he has been confering with the wool 
trade on International Standards, G-ecrge T. willingmyre , in charge of wool 
Standardization, returned to the United States just in time for Christmas. He 
reports his trip as successful. International standards for wool being discussed 
with the British vjooI • interests and other countries are ready to negotiate on 
the standards discussed with the British. In England, E.E.Foley, the Bureau 
representative stationed there, gave very material assistance in getting the 
work under way. In Switzerland, he held a conference with V.A. Schoenfeld of 
the Bureau. Warren E. Emley of the Department of Commerce and Marland C. Hobbs, 
representing the American wool manufacturing industry were the other members of 
the American committee. Mrs. Willingmyre accompanied her husband on the trip. 


The B. A. E. Hews 

Vol. 13, No. 26. 

The first conference was held with the Bradford, England, Chamber of 
Commerce which represented the entire wool textile manufacturing industry of 
England in these negotiations. The British Wool Federation was authorized to 
work with the American committee on the standards and an agreement was reached 
which has "been approved by the Bradford Chamber concerning standards for wool 
and for "tops," to correspond to the wool standards. 

Other conferences were held with representatives of the wool trade at 
Lille, France; Brussels; and Hamburg. Mr. Willingmyre also attended the Inter- 
national Conference of Wool Industry of England, France, Belgium and Germany 
which was held in Berlin. The suggestion that information on world stocks of 
wool be collected was presented to this conference and a resolution unanimously 
adopted approving the suggestion and recommending that the reporting of stocks 
of wool by individual firms be made compulsory by law in the different countries. 
These figure to be collected every six months. 

He visited Rome to confer with the International Institute of Agriculture 
concerning the collecting of these reports, He also met the representatives of 
the Italian wool textile industry at Beilla, Italy. Another conference was held 
in Paris with the central committee representing the wool industry of that country. 
The next move, he says, is to prepare a tentative set of the wool standards and 
forward it to the British Federation. The form in which the standards will be 
distributed will then be decided* negotiations on the acceptance of the standards 
will soon be started with France, Belgium, Germany and Italy. 

The trip over was delightful, Willingmyre says, but they met rough weather 
coming back. In order to prove how bad the storm was on the homeward trip, he. 
had the official photographer take some pictures which he will show to doubters. 
In England, he says he was especially impressed by the lack of heating facilities 
in the houses and vegetables in the menu. Fireplaces are still the main heating 
unit and Brussels sprouts, cabbage and potatoes the vegetables. The English 
mutton chops are a treat, however, he declares and roast beef, Yorkshire pudding 
and boiled sweets are just as good. The courtesy and Cordiality extended by the 
trade in every country visited was an outstanding feature of the trip which Mr. 
Willingmyre says he will long remember. 



In a recent letter, Edwin Smith reports a visit to the Liverpool market 
where he viewed the apple situation in the Horth of England and observed apples 
at the Liverpool docks. The boxed deal thus far, he says, has been rather 
remarkable for its steadiness/due to the lighter quantities offered. It is 
understood that Mr. Smith has still more recently made visits to important 
fruit markets in the Netherlands and other parts of the Continent, On November 
4, he issued in mimeographed form the first of a series of proposed reports 
designed to keep the European trade informed regarding conditions in the United 
States and Canada. 

December 29, 1925 

The B. A. E. News 




"A loyal force of willing, worthy workers, on their toes to provide the 
service that satisfies to rapidly increasing thousands who are shewing growing 
interest and appreciation of the Federal Market Pews Service," is the encourag- 
ing Hew Year's report brought in from the field by E. W. Baker of the Live- 
stock, Ivleats and 'wool Division, returned from a trip of supervisory nature to 
offices of that Division located at Chicago, St. Paul, Omaha, Kansas City, Fort 
worth, Wichita and St, Lcuis. 

Evidences of the dependence and high valuation being placed on the service 
by the trade , ■ producers, the press and other commercial news disseminating 
agencies are to be found everywhere, Mr. Baker asserts. Probably the greatest 
development in the market news service just now is in the radio field. -The 
radio is taking the country by storm and many thousands are now depending 
largely on this modern and instantaneous means of communication by grabbing 
the market news out of the air, often being in possession of basic and essential 
facts and figures relating to supplies, demand, market trends and prices before 
the information is generally known at the market centers. 

The Kansas City office of the Division has for more than two years been 
broadcasting that and other important nidwestern livestock markets direct from 
its office at the Stock Yards. by remote control through the Sweeney Station in 
that City. The various activities of the Department in Kansas City are now 
being described to interested unseen audiences through a series of radio talks 
by Department workers stationed there. 

A very recent development ha.s been the establishing of remote control 
broadcasting service direct from the Division's office at the Port Worth Stock 
Yards through the Port Worth 3 tar- Telegram' s '.veil equipped station t bringing 
the big Lone Star Sta.te and much tributary territory into instant touch with 
developments in the livestock trade at Port Wortn and mere -northerly markets. 

Trade interests at .*ichita are planning for the installation at an early 
date of remote control broadcasting of the Bureau's livestock reports direct 
from the Wichita livestock market, while at Chicago, in addition to the several 
other stations there that are being regularly supplied with the Bureau's 
market news, one of the most powerful stations of that City is now completing 
arrangements looking toward the broadcasting by the Division of its market news 
through remote control direct from the Stock Yards. The novel scheme planned 
is to locate -a microphone in one of the principal calf sections of the yards 
where the lusty and more or less musical voices of hundreds or thousands of 
"bawling bovine babies" churn the atmosphere and may be depended on to provide 
fitting accompanyment to the reporter as he describes market conditions and 
figuratively transports listeners hundreds of miles distant to the scene of 



Civil Service Examinations . for' Agricultural Economist at $3,800 per year 
and Associate .Agricultural Economist at £3,000 p Gr year have been announced. 
The receipt of applications will close February 2, 1926. These are unassembled 
examinations, competitors being rated on education, experience, and thesis. 
Separate registers of eligibles will be kept for each of a number of optional 
branches. / 


The B. A. E, Haws 

Vol. 13, Ho« 26 



A "bill to create a division of cooperative marketing in the Department 
of Agriculture and to provide certain aid for cooperation which was worked 
out "by Secretary Jardine in conference with leaders of the cooperative move- 
ment was introduced into the Senate as S. 1910 "by Senator McNary and into the 
House as H.R. 6240 by Mr* Haugen. The hill authorises and directs' the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture to establish a division of cooperative marketing with suit- 
able personnel in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. The duties of the 
division shall be to render service to cooperative associations, by collecting, 
analyzing and disseminating information on cooperation; by making studies of the 
economic, legal, financial, social and other phases of cooperation; • "by making 
surveys and analyses of accounts and business practices of associations on 
requests; by confering with and advising groups desiring to form marketing 
associations; by acquiring information concerning crop prospects, supply, 
demand, current receipts, exports, imports, and prices of commodities handled 
by cooperative associations and having qualified commodity specialists to 
summarize and analyze this information; by promoting the knowledge of coopera- 
tive principles and practices; and by special studies. The Bill also authorizes 
the Secretary to call advisers to counsel with him relative to specific problems 
of cooperation. Cooperative marketing associations are permitted to acquire 
and exchange information concerning their products; and an appropriation of " 
$225,000 is provided for the fiscal years 1926 and 1927. 



Foreign Crops and Markets for December 14 contained a new index number 
af net foreign trade in foodstuffs. This is the first time this index has been 
published. The new index takes into account both exports and imports of all 
important foodstuffs. It was worked out in the Division of Statistical and 
Historical Research under the direction of Dr. Arner. 

The surplus of foodstuffs cannot be measured by considering only gross 
exports, for there are imports as well as exports, while we export apples, we 
import bananas, Me export wheat and import sugar. This index number of net 
foreign trade is an attempt to measure the fluctuations from year to year in 
the effective surplus of foodstuffs. It is the simple aggregative type, using 
as a base period the five years ending June 30, 1914, The number of commodities 
included in the computation was 57, including all the improtant grains and grain 
products, vegetable oils and oil materials, sugar, fruits and vegetables. 


Among the accessions to the Bureau Library for the week ending December 
24, 1925 are: 

Monroe, Day & Stratton, Lenore M. Food buying and our markets... 
Boston, H. Barrows & Company, 1925. 

December 29, 1925 

The 3. A. E. News 


jstino economic socijty. Publi cations no. 4. The transactions from 
primitive to mc-dern agriculture in Palestine, "by I. Elazari- 
Volkani. Tel-Aviv, printed by Co-Operative "Hapoel Eazair, 1925. 

Hitter, Kurt. Die deutschen agrarzolle... . Muhchen, Dancker & Humblot, 1925 

Rotterdam cotton association. Report,., presented at the annual meeting of 
the members held November 5th 1925. [Rotterdam, 1925] 

Swain, A. H. Commercial credit risks, export credits and credits insurance... 
London, Sir. I. Pitman ft sons, ltd. , 1925. 

Totomiants, 'Jakhan Pomich. The place of co-operation "steoJag other social 
movements. .. Manchester, The Co-operative Union, limited, 1923. 

U. S. Puroau of foreign and domestic corx.erc.e. Trade information bulletin. 

no. 369. Butter and cheese markets in the uost -Indies by I.. A. uulfert. 
Nov. 1925. no. 272. fertilizers; some new factors in domestic 
production and trade, by H. A. Curtis, ftv. 1925. no. 373. Inter- 
national trade in 1924, by J. J. Krai. Nov. 1025. 

U. S. Intersta.te commerce commission. Annual report, 39 th, 1925. 
Washington, Govt", print. off. , 1925. 

U. S. Treasury. Annual report of the secretary... on the state of the 
finances, 1324/25. Washington, 1925. 

U. 3. Treasury. Commissioner of internal revenue. Annual report, 1924/25. 
Washington, 1925« 


S-1910, by Senator McNary, and H. P. -6240 by Mr. HattgeH, 11 - to create 
a division of cooperative marketing in the Department of Agri- 
culture; to provide for the acquisition and dissemination of 
information pertaining to cooperation; to promote the knowledge 
of cooperative principles and practices*, to provide for calling 
advisors to counsel with the Secretary of Agriculture on coopera- 
tive activities; to authorize cooperative associations to acquire, 
interpret, and disseminate crop and market information. (See 
note page 4 . ) 

S-1911, by Senator McNary, to create a farmers' export corporation; to 
prevent a recurrence of agricultural depression; to pl^ce agri- 
cultural commodities upon an equality under the tariff laws with 
other commodities; to place agriculture on equality with industry 
and labor. 

S-1903, by Senator Casper, to amend the Federal Para Lonn Act and Agri- 
cultural Credit Act of 1923. 


The B. A. E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 26. 

S-1927, by Senator Eeflin, to obtain and publish information regarding 
the amount of cotton destroyed "by fire. 

H.R. 6110, by Mr, Williams of Illinois, to amend Sec. 5 of an act to 
create a federal Trade Commission, define its powers, etc. 

H.R. 5230, by Mr. Hull of Tennessee, to repeal the so-called flexible 
tariff provision. 

H. Peg. 59, by Mr. Smell, directing an investigation of crude rubber and 
other important raw materials. 

H.R. 3904, to protect the public against fraud by prohibiting the sale or 
shipment in interstate or foreign commerce of misbranded articles, 
was reported out of House Committee. 


11. PROPOSED STANDARD TRADING RULES, proposed methods of arbitration of 
disputes in the fresh fruit and vegetable trade by machinery in the Department 
of Agriculture, and the proposed memorandum of agreement are outlined in Service 
and Regulatory Announcement No. 97 of this Bureau. This Announcement was issued 
under difficulties but in almost record time by the Government Printing Office 
that it might be distributed in time for consideration by the trade before the 
annual meetings of several of the fruit and vegetable trade organizations in 
early January. 

given by'W.D. Smith in mimeographed form put out by the Division of Grain In- 
vestigations. Mr, Smith has recently developed a laboratory machine for remov- 
ing the hulls from samples of rough rice for inspection and grading purposes. 
'This is the apparatus described, A public service patent covering the device 
has been granted to Mr. Smith who devised it. Any one in the United States is 
free to manufacture or use the device without the payment of a royalty. 


Mr. Cooper spent two days at the Earm Economics Meeting in New York this 


The List section of the Division of Crop and Livestock Estimates held a 
Christmas party on Wednesday noon of last week. Each one present received a 
gift, the names being placed in a hat and drawn. The value of the presents was 
limited to ten cents, and no one knew to whom they were indebted for their 
Christmas gift. Ice cream and cake, sandwiches, pickles and other good things 
were served at luncheon. Mr. Neil C-oen, supervisor of the section acted as 
Santa Claus, and Mrs. Albaugh recited an original poem which mentioned each 
member of the Section. The party was a huge success and it is hoped to make 
it an annual affair. 

December 29, 1925 

The B. A. E. News 


The Division of Statistical and Historical Research gathered in tee 
Conference Room at 3 p.m. December 24 and Santa Glaus distributed gifts from 
a well loaded itos tree. Kames had been drawn by the various members of tne 
Division and all were remembered with very appropriate gifts, Mr. E.G. Snoup 
as Santa Glaus made a great hit and caused much merriment, especially when be 
attributed the S T>arseness of his beard to the shortage of the European hemp- 
crop although J. L. Stewart, Jr. doubts the accuracy of the latter statement. 

Miss Birdella killer of the Division of Statistical and Historical 
Research resigned December 24 to accept a position as Secretary to the minister 
of the Foundry Methodist Church. Miss Miller's many friends in the Division 
presented her with a leather traveling case, and wish her success in her new 

James R. Hogg, of the Chicago office of the Grain Division, who has 
been editor of the Project Letter, resigned effective December 12. He goes 
to St. Louis where he will be assistant in music in the St. Louis Country 
Day School, a private institution for boys. His associates wish him success 
in his new work, 

Russell R. Smith of the Cotton Division has gene to 2v T ew York to assist 
in expert clerical work connected with the work of the Cotton Classification 

Bruce LciCinley, Division of Farm Management and Costs, has resigned to 
accept a position with the Florida Soate Agricultural College at Gainesville, 
Ilorida. Lr. McXinley will begin his new work January 1. 

The annual Christmas party given by the Div. of Farm Management and 
Costs for the members and their families was held Thursday afternoon, Dec. 24. 
A luncheon was served at 1 o'clock followed by a short entertainment. 

G.L.Korris, State Statistician for Tennessee, and the oifice force there 
sent a Christmas letter to their cooperators which was cleverly decorated with 
candles, Christmas trees, Jsjolly, etc, in colors. , 

The Norfolk office of the Fruit and Vegetable Division moved on December 
19 to Room, 300, Royster Building. The new address should be used from now on. 
The telephone number remains unchanged. 

Tne Project Letter for December IS, issued by the Chicago office of the 
Grain Division, carried on the front cover, a Christmas wreath in color and a 
Christmas poem. 

Asher Hobson, American delegate to the International Institute of 
Agriculture, who has been in the United States for several weeks will sail for 
Pome about the first of the year. 


The B. A. E. News 

Vol. 13, No. 26. 

The following members of the Grain Division are spending the holidays 
out of town: Miss Myrtle Cbookley at Powhatan, Va; Miss Martha Faith at 
Hancock, Ed. ; Mrs. Marie Bea'cham at Norfolk, Va. ; Miss Margaret Daniel at 
Norfolk, Va. ; Dr. D„ A. Coleman at hi a home in New England; and Mr. James F. 
Hayes at Montour svi lie, Pa. 

Miss Eliza Barksdale of the Grain Division is leaving Washington Taesday 
morning to spend the remainder of the week in New York, While there she will 
visit Miss Louise Rayland, a former employee of the Dairy products Division. 

Mr. E, G. Boerner and Mr. John H. Cox of the Grain Division have returned 
to Washington after attending the conference on Barley grades. Mr. Besley is 
spending the holidays in Chicago. 

Sympathy is extended to P. F.Brookens, Division of Statistical and Histori- 
cal Research who has "been called to. his home in North Dakota "by the death of his 

E.M.Daggit, Division of Statistical and Historical Research, also has the 
sympathy of his ' associates as he has "been called to his home in Wisconsin on 
account of the death of his father. 

Members of the Division of Farm Management who are on leave include Miss 
Susie White who is spending the holidays at Wachapreague, Va. , Miss Martha Ayer 
at Warren, Pa., R.S. Washburn at Schenectady, N. Y. , and Miss Catherine A. 
Scalin at Dashore, Pa. 

The Hainsworth's Christmas male was a day late. Their nine pound "boy was 
born at five a.m. December 26. Mr. R. G. Hainsworth is in charge of the Draft- 
ing Section in Washington. . ■ 

E.G.Parker and R.L.Kause are in New York assisting the Board of Cotton 
Examiners there. 

L.J.Graham, Division of Dairy and Poultry Products, is in Philadelphia 
for a few days assisting in the inspection of egg on the Philadelphia market. 

The meeting of the American Farm Economics Association in New York this' 
week is being attended by many of the members of the Bureau, both officially and 
unofficially. Among those who are in New York from Washington are Dr. L.C.Gray, 
M.L.Wilson, H.R.Tolley, Mordecai Ezekiel, Dr. C.J.Galpin, Mr. Cooper, L.K.2ean, 
Chris L. Christensen, Miss Bertha Henderson, F.F.Elliott, S.W.Mendum, E.L. 
Kirkpatrick, A. V. Swarthout, B.B.Smith, Dr. W. J. Spillman, J.B.Hutson, Andrew Boss, - 
and Dr. O.C.Stine. Others are attending the meeting but a complete list is not 

Miss M. G.Lacy, librarian, spent Christmas at her home in Richmond, Virginia- 
Miss E.L.Day, also of the Library, was in Buffalo, visiting home folks during the